The Chinese language has two words for dictionary: zidian (character/logograph dictionary) for written forms, that is, Chinese characters, and cidian (word/phrase dictionary), for spoken forms.
The general term císhū semantically encompasses "dictionary;...
- Traditional Chinese lexicography
The precursors of Chinese dictionaries are primers designed...
A Dictionary of the Chinese Language From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A Dictionary of the Chinese Language, in Three Parts or Morrison's Chinese dictionary (1815-1823), compiled by the Anglo-Scottish missionary Robert Morrison was the first Chinese-English, English-Chinese dictionary.
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Best-selling Chinese dictionary, world's most popular reference work, 11 editions, 3,300 character entries, 189-radical system Yiqiejing Yinyi (Huilin) 0807 (Tang)TitleYearNotes1996First Chinese dictionary collated in single-sort alphabetical order of pinyin, John DeFrancis1892Herbert Allen Giles' bestselling dictionary, 2nd ed. 19121815-1823First Chinese-English, English-Chinese dictionary, Robert Morrison1874First Chinese-English dictionary to include regional pronunciations, Samuel Wells Williams
- Chinese–English, dictionaries, A Dictionary of the Chinese Language (1823), Medhurst's Chinese and English Dictionary (1842), A Syllabic Dictionary of the Chinese Language (1874), A Chinese–English Dictionary (1892), The Five Thousand Dictionary (1926), Mathews' Chinese–English Dictionary (1931), Concise Dictionary of Spoken Chinese (1947), Grammata Serica Recensa (1957), Lin Yutang's Chinese-English Dictionary of Modern Usage (1972), ABC Chinese–English Dictionary (1996), Online Chinese–, English dictionaries, CEDICT (1997), Adsotrans (2001), Thesaurus Linguae Sericae, Dictionaries in, other languages, Pearl in the Palm (Tangut) (12th century), Pentaglot Dictionary (Manchu) (1794), Dai Kan-Wa Jiten (Japanese) (1960), Le Grand Ricci (French) (2001), Han-Han Dae Sajeon (Korean)
- Character dictionaries, (字典 Zìdiǎn), Shizhoupian 史籀篇 (first millenium BCE), Erya 爾雅 (c. 3rd century BC), Cangjiepian 倉頡篇 (c. 220 BC), Jijiupian 急就篇 (c. 40 BC), Shuowen Jiezi 說文解字 (2nd century), Shiming 釋名 (c. 200), Guangya 廣雅 (c. 230), Xiao Erya 小爾雅 (3rd century), Zilin 字林 (c. 350), Ziyuan 字苑 (c. 4th century), Yupian 玉篇 (c. 543), Ganlu Zishu 干祿字書 (c. 7th century), Leipian 類篇 (1066), Piya 埤雅 (c. 11th century), Zitong 字通 (1254), Zihui 字彙 (1615), Zhengzitong 正字通 (1627), Kangxi Dictionary 康熙字典 (1716), Shuowen Jiezi Zhu 說文解字注 (1815), Zhonghua Da Zidian 中華大字典 (1915), Xinhua Zidian 新华字典 (1957), Hanyu Da Zidian 漢語大字典 (1989), Zhonghua Zihai 中华字海 (1994), Word dictionaries, (詞典/词典 Cídiǎn), Ciyuan 辭源 (1915), Ministry of Education Mandarin Chinese Dictionary 教育部國語辭典 (1926), Cihai 辭海 (1938), Zhongwen Da Cidian 中文大辭典 (1968), Xiandai Hanyu Cidian 现代汉语词典 (1978), Hanyu Da Cidian 漢語大詞典 (1994), Xiandai Hanyu Guifan Cidian 现代汉语规范词典 (2004), Rime dictionaries, (韻書/韵书 Yùnshū), Shenglei 聲類 (c. 230), Qieyun 切韻 (601), Kanmiu Buque Qieyun 刊謬補缺切韻 (706), Tangyun 唐韻 (732), Yunhai jingyuan 韻海鏡源 (780), Guangyun 廣韻 (1008), Jiyun 集韻 (1037), Yunjing 韻鏡 (1161), Qiyin lüe 七音略 (before 1161), Pingshui Yun 平水韻 (c. 12th century), Menggu Ziyun 蒙古字韻 (14th century), Zhongyuan Yinyun 中原音韻 (1324), Qi Lin Bayin #TAB#戚林八音 (17th century), Peiwen Yunfu 佩文韻府 (1711), Dictionaries of, regional Chinese, Fangyan 方言 (c. 1st century), Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects 現代漢語方言大詞典 (2002), Exegetical dictionaries, Jingdian Shiwen 經典釋文 (c. 583), Yiqiejing Yinyi (Xuanying) 一切經音義 (玄英) (c. 649), Yiqiejing Yinyi (Huilin) 一切經音義 (慧琳) (c. 807), Longkan Shoujian 龍龕手鑒 (997), Biographical dictionaries, Zhongguo Renming Dacidian 中國人名大辭典 (1921)
In 1994, A Dictionary of Current Chinese won China's First National Book Award. The seventh edition contains about 70,000 entries including characters, words and expressions, idiomatic phrases and idioms. The dictionary is also available in digital format on CD-ROMs and Traditional Chinese digital versions.
- December 1978 (1st edition), September 2016 (7th edition)
A Chinese–English Dictionary Title page from Giles' A Chinese–English Dictionary. The epigraph quotes Longinus, "Failure in a great attempt is at least a noble error". AuthorHerbert Allen Giles CountryChina LanguageChinese, English PublisherKelly and Walsh Publication date 1892 Media typePrint Pagesxlvi, 1415 OCLC272554592 A Chinese–English Dictionary, compiled by the British consular officer and sinologist Herbert Allen Giles, is the first Chinese–English encyclopedic dictionary...
Herbert Giles worked for 18 years to compile and publish the 1892 first edition A Chinese-English Dictionary, which contains 10,859 character head entries plus 2,989 variant characters for a total of 13,848 entries. He decided to number every head entry—an improvement lacking in the earlier dictionaries of Morrison, Medhurst, and Williams—in order to facilitate internal cross-referencing and make it easier for users to find characters. Giles subsequently worked for 20 years revising and ...
Giles' A Chinese-English Dictionary has received both acclaim and censure. An early critic, the Chinese Malaysian scholar Gu Hongming criticized Giles' lack of overall insight into Chinese literature, and said It is this want of philosophical insight in Dr. Giles which makes him so helpless in the arrangement of his materials in his books. Take for instance his great dictionary. It is in no sense a dictionary at all. It is merely a collection of Chinese phrases and sentences, translated by Dr. G
- Herbert Allen Giles
- Chinese, English
The Chinese and English Dictionary: Containing All the Words in the Chinese Imperial Dictionary, Arranged According to the Radicals (1842), compiled by the English Congregationalist missionary Walter Henry Medhurst (1796-1857), is the second major Chinese-English dictionary after Robert Morrison 's pioneering (1815-1823) A Dictionary of the Chinese Language.
The Kangxi Dictionary (Chinese: 康熙字典; pinyin: Kāngxī Zìdiǎn) was the standard Chinese dictionary during the 18th and 19th centuries. The Kangxi Emperor of Qing Dynasty ordered its compilation in 1710.
A Chinese–English Dictionary: Compiled for the China Inland Mission by R. H. Mathews (1931) or Mathews' Chinese–English Dictionary (1943), edited by the Australian Congregationalist missionary Robert Henry Mathews (1877-1970), was the standard Chinese–English dictionary for decades.
- China Inland Mission Press
- Chinese, English
- Robert Henry Mathews
From China + -ese.
1. (UK) enPR: chī-nēzʹ, IPA(key): /t͡ʃaɪˈniːz/; (sometimes) enPR: chīʹnēz, IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃaɪniːz/ 2. (US) enPR: chī'nēzʹ, IPA(key): /ˌt͡ʃaɪˈniz/; (sometimes) enPR: chīʹnēz', IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃaɪˌniz/ 3. Rhymes: -iːz
Chinese (countable and uncountable, plural Chinese) 1. Language: 1.1. (uncountable) Any of several Sinitic languages spoken in China, especially Literary Chinese, Mandarin, Cantonese, Wu, or Min Nan. 1.1.1. Peter is from Hong Kong and speaks Chinese. 1.2. (uncountable) The class of Sino-Tibetan dialects including Mandarin, Wu, Cantonese, Min Nan and others. 1.2.1. Wu and Hakka are lesser-known varieties of Chinese. 1.3. (uncountable) The logographic writing system shared by this language fami...
From Chinees + -e.
1. IPA(key): /ʃiˈneː.sə/ 2. Hyphenation: Chi‧ne‧se 3. Rhymes: -eːsə
Chinese f (plural Chinesen, masculine Chinees) 1. female person from China
China + -ese
1. IPA(key): /çiˈneːzə/
Chinese m (genitive Chinesen, plural Chinesen) 1. person from China