Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government and the media. Arabic, in its standard form, is the official language of 26 states, as well as the liturgical language of the religion of Islam, since the Quran and Hadith were written in Arabic.
Arabic language poem. Arabic ( العربية) is a Semitic language, like Hebrew and Aramaic. Around 292 million people speak it as their first language. Many more people can also understand it as a second language. The Arabic language has its own alphabet written from right to left, like Hebrew.
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From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Arabic might mean: Arabic language. Arabic alphabet. Hindu–Arabic numeral system, sometimes called "Arabic numerals". This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Arabic.
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Arabic Wikipedia (Arabic: ويكيبيديا العربية ) is the Arabic language version of Wikipedia. It started in September 2001. It was the 23rd largest edition of Wikipedia by article count, but grew to 17th largest edition.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Arabic alphabet (Arabic: ﺔﱠﯿِﺑﺮَﻋَ ﺔﱠﯾﺪِﺠَْﺑَأ ’abjadiyyah ‘arabiyyah) or Arabic abjad is the Arabic script as it is codified for writing the Arabic language. It is written from right to left, in a cursive style, and includes 28 letters.
- Sort Order
The script is written from right to left. When it is used to write the Arabic language, the script has 28 different characters. Usually only consonants are written in an abjad. Vowels are omitted most of the time. The Arabic script is a cursive script. This means that letters of a word are joined together, both in handwritingand in print. Each letter can have up to four different forms. Which of the forms is used depends on the letters before and after it. There is no different form for uppercase letters and lowercase letters. There are two basic modern variants of the Arabic script. One is called Naskh, it is the one commonly used for printing. The most common script in everyday life is called Kufic, after the city Kufa, in Iraq, where it was developed. There are several variants of both scripts.
The alphabet can also be used to write numbers, which was common in the Middle Ages. They are less used today and usually replaced by Latin-alphabet (Arabic) numbers. When the alphabet is used to write numbers, ʼalif is 1, ب bāʼ is 2, ج ǧīm is 3 and so on until ي yāʼ = 10, ك kāf = 20, ل lām = 30, …, ر rāʼ = 200, …, غ ġayn = 1000. That is sometimes used to produce chronograms in which specific letters, interpreted as numerals, stand for a particular date when they are rearranged.
For dictionaries, it is necessary to put the letters into a predetermined sequence, which is usually called sort order, or alphabetical order. The Arabic script has two sort orders: The one, abjid, derives from the position of the letters in the Phoenician alphabet. The other, hijā,sorts letters by similarity of shape.
As Islam spread throughout the Middle East, North Africa, and Asia, Arabic spread along with it. Islam requires its followers to learn Arabic because it states that Gabriel (Jibril) spoke the words of Allah to Muhammad in Arabic. The language is used for Muslim rituals such as prayer and the reciting of Quranic verses. As Arabic spread, the Quran's script also spread. It replaced the Pahlavi writing system as Islam conquered Persia. Another alphabet, the Uighur alphabet, was based on the shapes of Arabic letters. However, the Uighur alphabet always has vowel letters, unlike in Arabic. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire during the First World War, use of the Arabic language and alphabet, became less common in the Muslim world. The Turkic states and other Muslim-majority states controlled by the Soviet Union did not favour Arabic script. In 1928, Turkey passed a law that banned the use of the Arabic alphabet for writing Turkish, which is now written with the Latin alphabet. Around t...
Allah ( / ˈælə, ˈɑːlə, əˈlɑː /; Arabic: الله , romanized : Allāh, IPA: [ʔaɫ.ɫaːh] ( listen)) is the common Arabic word for God. In the English language, the word generally refers to God in Islam. The word is thought to be derived by contraction from al - ilāh, which means "the god", and is linguistically related to El ...
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