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Japanese (日本語, Nihongo ()) is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.It is a member of the Japonic (or Japanese-Ryukyuan) language family, and its relation to other languages, such as Korean, is debated.
Japanese (日本語 "Nihon-go" in Japanese) is the official language of Japan, in East Asia. Japanese belongs to the Japonic language family, which also includes the endangered Ryukyuan languages. One theory says Japanese and Korean are related, but most linguists no longer think so.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Bungo (Japanese language)) The classical Japanese language (文語 bungo, "literary language"), also called "old writing" (古文 kobun), is the literary form of the Japanese language that was the standard until the early Shōwa period (1926–89).
The Japanese-Language Proficiency Test (日本語能力試験, Nihongo Nōryoku Shiken), or JLPT, is a standardized criterion-referenced test to evaluate and certify Japanese language proficiency for non-native speakers, covering language knowledge, reading ability, and listening ability.
- Language proficiency test
Japanese: The Spoken Language (JSL) is an introductory textbook series for learning Japanese.JSL was written by Eleanor Harz Jorden in collaboration with Mari Noda. Part 1 was published in 1987 by Yale Language Press, Part 2 in 1988, and Part 3 in 1990.
- Sources and dating
- Writing system
Old Japanese is the oldest attested stage of the Japanese language, recorded in documents from the Nara period. It became Early Middle Japanese in the succeeding Heian period, but the precise delimitation of the stages is controversial. Old Japanese was an early member of the Japonic language family. No conclusive links to other language families have been proven. Old Japanese was written using Chinese characters by using an increasingly-standardized and phonetic form that eventually evolved int
Old Japanese is usually defined as the language of the Nara period, when the capital was Heijō-kyō. That is the period of the earliest connected texts in Japanese, the 112 songs included in the Kojiki. The other major literary sources of the period are the 128 songs included in the Nihon Shoki and the Man'yōshū, a compilation of over 4,500 poems. Shorter samples are 25 poems in the Fudoki and the 21 poems of the Bussokuseki-kahi. The latter has the virtue of being an original ...
Artifacts inscribed with Chinese characters dated as early as the 1st century AD have been found in Japan, but detailed knowledge of the script seems not to have reached the islands until the early 5th century. According to the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki, the script was brought by scholars from Baekje. The earliest texts found in Japan were written in Classical Chinese, probably by immigrant scribes. Later "hybrid" texts show the influence of Japanese grammar, such as the word order. Chinese and Kor
There is no consensus on the pronunciation of the syllables distinguished by man'yōgana. One difficulty is that the Middle Chinese pronunciations of the characters used are also disputed, and since the reconstruction of their phonetic values is partly based on later Sino-Japanese pronunciations, there is a danger of circular reasoning. Additional evidence has been drawn from phonological typology, subsequent developments in the Japanese pronunciation, and the comparative study of the ...
As in later forms of Japanese, Old Japanese word order was predominantly subject–object–verb, with adjectives and adverbs preceding the nouns and verbs they modify and auxiliary verbs and particles consistently appended to the main verb.
Although most Old Japanese writing represents the language of the Nara court in central Japan, some sources come from eastern Japan
Japanese Sign Language is a naturally evolved language, and like any other language has its own linguistic structures. Manual systems for expressing a spoken language often lead to ungrammatical structures and incomplete sentences in both the spoken and signed language.
The modern Japanese writing system uses a combination of logographic kanji, which are adopted Chinese characters, and syllabic kana.Kana itself consists of a pair of syllabaries: hiragana, used primarily for native or naturalised Japanese words and grammatical elements; and katakana, used primarily for foreign words and names, loanwords, onomatopoeia, scientific names, and sometimes for emphasis.