- Life and Career
- Appearance and Character
- Works, Musical Style, and Innovations
- Further Reading
- External Links
1773–77: Employment at the Salzburg court
After finally returning with his father from Italy on 13 March 1773, Mozart was employed as a court musician by the ruler of Salzburg, Prince-Archbishop Hieronymus Colloredo. The composer had many friends and admirers in Salzburg and had the opportunity to work in many genres, including symphonies, sonatas, string quartets, masses, serenades, and a few minor operas. Between April and December 1775, Mozart developed an enthusiasm for violin concertos, producing a series of five (the only ones...
1777–78: Journey to Paris
In August 1777, Mozart resigned his position at Salzburg[e] and on 23 September ventured out once more in search of employment, with visits to Augsburg, Mannheim, Paris, and Munich. Mozart became acquainted with members of the famous orchestra in Mannheim, the best in Europe at the time. He also fell in love with Aloysia Weber, one of four daughters of a musical family. There were prospects of employment in Mannheim, but they came to nothing, and Mozart left for Paris on 14 March 1778 to cont...
Mozart's physical appearance was described by tenor Michael Kelly in his Reminiscences: "a remarkably small man, very thin and pale, with a profusion of fine, fair hair of which he was rather vain". His early biographer Niemetschek wrote, "there was nothing special about [his] physique.... He was small and his countenance, except for his large intense eyes, gave no signs of his genius." His facial complexion was pitted, a reminder of his childhood case of smallpox.Of his voice, his wife later wrote that it "was a tenor, rather soft in speaking and delicate in singing, but when anything excited him, or it became necessary to exert it, it was both powerful and energetic." He loved elegant clothing. Kelly remembered him at a rehearsal: "[He] was on the stage with his crimson pelisse and gold-laced cocked hat, giving the time of the music to the orchestra." Based on pictures that researchers were able to find of Mozart, he seemed to wear a white wig for most of his formal occasions—rese...
Mozart's music, like Haydn's, stands as an archetype of the Classical style. At the time he began composing, European music was dominated by the style galant, a reaction against the highly evolved intricacy of the Baroque. Progressively, and in large part at the hands of Mozart himself, the contrapuntal complexities of the late Baroque emerged once more, moderated and disciplined by new forms, and adapted to a new aesthetic and social milieu. Mozart was a versatile composer, and wrote in ever...
For unambiguous identification of works by Mozart, a Köchel catalogue number is used. This is a unique number assigned, in regular chronological order, to every one of his known works. A work is referenced by the abbreviation "K." or "KV" followed by this number. The first edition of the catalogue was completed in 1862 by Ludwig von Köchel. It has since been repeatedly updated, as scholarly research improves knowledge of the dates and authenticity of individual works.
Although some of Mozart's early pieces were written for harpsichord, he also got acquainted in his early years with pianos made by Regensburg builder Franz Jakob Späth[de]. Later when Mozart was visiting Augsburg, he got impressed by Stein pianos and shared this in a letter to his father. On 22 October 1777, Mozart had premiered his triple-piano concerto, K. 242, on instruments provided by Stein. The Augsburg Cathedral organist Demmler was playing the first, Mozart the second and Stein the th...
Mozart's most famous pupil, whom the Mozarts took into their Vienna home for two years as a child, was probably Johann Nepomuk Hummel, a transitional figure between the Classical and Romantic eras.More important is the influence Mozart had on composers of later generations. Ever since the surge in his reputation after his death, studying his scores has been a standard part of classical musicians' training. Ludwig van Beethoven, Mozart's junior by fifteen years, was deeply influenced by his work, with which he was acquainted as a teenager. He is thought to have performed Mozart's operas while playing in the court orchestra at Bonn and travelled to Vienna in 1787 hoping to study with the older composer. Some of Beethoven's works have direct models in comparable works by Mozart, and he wrote cadenzas (WoO 58) to Mozart's D minor piano concerto K. 466. For further details, see Mozart and Beethoven. Composers have paid homage to Mozart by writing sets of variations on his themes. Beethov...Braunbehrens, Volkmar (1990). Mozart: Lebensbilder. G. Lubbe. ISBN 978-3-7857-0580-3.Cairns, David (2006). Mozart and His Operas. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-22898-6. OCLC 62290645.Eisen, Cliff; Sadie, Stanley. "Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus", in: The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd edition, vol. 17, Oxford University Press, New York, 2001. ISBN 978-0-19-517067-2.Holmes, Edward (2005). The Life of Mozart. New York: Cosimo Classics. ISBN 978-1-59605-147-8. OCLC 62790104.
- Professional Career
- Works Worldwide
- Works in Romania
- Published Works
- See Also
- External Links
He graduated in stage and film directing at the I.L. Caragiale Theatre and Film Academy in Bucharest in 1981 as a student of Liviu Ciulei, Mihai Dimiu, Cătălina Buzoianu, founders of the world-famous Romanian school of stage directing. Since 1981 Tompa has directed plays at the Cluj-Napoca Hungarian Theatre in Cluj-Napoca. In 1987 he became the artistic director of the theatre, after the Romanian Revolution of 1989 he became the managing director of the theatre as well. He has staged more than 80 plays and produced other 80 in the United Kingdom,France, Germany,Spain,Austria,Serbia,Czech Republic,Canada,South Korea and the U.S. in addition to Romania and Hungary - in English, French, German, Romanian, Hungarian,Catalan and other languages.His feature film, Chinese Defense(1999), a Hungarian-Romanian-French coproduction has been presented at the Festivals of Berlin, Karlovy Vary, São Paulo, Trieste, Istanbul, Budapest, Soci and has been awarded the Best First Feature in Salerno,Italy...Beckett: Waiting for Godot - Teatro Nacional Sao Joao, Porto (PORTUGAL,2021)Shakespeare: Richard II - Vígszínház, Pesti Színház (Budapest, HUNGARY, 2019)Dmitri Shostakovitch: Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District - Slovene National Opera (Maribor, SLOVENIA, 2017)Saviana Stanescu: Toys - Hudson Theatre, Los Angeles (USA, 2015)Mozart: The Magic Flute - Hungarian State Opera of Cluj (2020)E. Ionesco: Rhinoceros - National Theatre of Timisoara (2020)W. Shakespeare: The Tempest - Lucian Blaga National Theatre of Cluj (2019)Marin Sorescu: Jonas - Nottara Theatre, Bucharest (2019)
Shorts: 1. Behind the Mask - director (Romanian Television) 1978 2. Fugue - director (Romanian Television) 1979 Features: 1. Chinese Defense – director (Hungarian-Romanian-French coproduction) 1999Van még könyvtár Amerikában? - Are there libraries left in America? (poems, Kalligram, Budapest, 2020)Gábor Tompa : The workpiece of a director- from the Three Sisters to the Cherry Orchard (performance photos, edited by Mirela Sandu, with a foreword by Georges Banu,Romanian Cultural Institute, Buc...Label-curtain - a private theatrical dictionary (English version, Bookart, 2014)Transylván pót-depressziók - Transylvanian back-up depressions (four-handed sonnets with András Ferenc Kovács,Bookart,2011)
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Sergiu Celibidache was born on 28 June 1912 to Demostene Celebidachi, a cavalry officer of the Romanian army and later prefect of the Iași region and Maria Celebidachi (née Brăteanu), in Roman, a small city in the Moldavia region of Romania, where his father was a government official.
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