New Jersey was governed very briefly as two distinct provinces, East and West Jersey, for 28 years between 1674 and 1702, at times part of the Province of New York or Dominion of New England. In 1702, the two provinces were reunited under a royal governor , rather than a proprietary one .
New Jersey is the fourth smallest state, but has the eleventh highest number of people. It therefore has the highest population density (number of people for the amount of land) in the United States. New Jersey is also well known for its beaches, industries, swamps, and pine forests.
Jersey City is the second-most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark. It is the seat of Hudson County as well as the county's largest city. The U.S. Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated that the city's population was 262,075 in 2019, ranking as the 80th-most-populous incorporated place in the nation.
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Newark (/ ˈ n uː ər k /, locally / nj ʊər k /) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County. As one of the nation's major air, shipping, and rail hubs, the city had a census-estimated population of 282,011 in 2019, making it the nation's 73rd-most populous municipality, after being ranked 63rd in the nation in 2000.
Though it is now the most common form of local government in New Jersey, by 1875 only 17 boroughs had been created, all by special acts of the legislature. These original boroughs were subdivisions of townships, established by state charter; Elizabeth was the first, established by royal charter in 1740, within the now defunct Elizabeth Township.
Essex County is located in the northeastern part of New Jersey.As of the 2019 Census estimate, the county's population was 798,975, making it the state's third-most populous county, an increase of 3.1% from the 2010 United States Census, when its population was enumerated at 783,969, in turn a decrease of 1.2% (9,664 fewer residents) from the 793,633 enumerated in the 2000 census.
Gloucester County is located south of Philadelphia and northwest of Atlantic City. It is part of the Camden, New Jersey Metropolitan Division of the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Delaware Valley Combined Statistical Area.
According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 337.18 square miles, including 322.00 square miles of land and 15.17 square miles of water. Gloucester County is largely composed of low-lying rivers and coastal plains. The highest elevation in the county is a slight rise along County Route 654 southeast of Cross Keys that reaches approximately 180 feet above sea level; the lowest point is at sea level on the Delaware River.
Swedesboro and Bridgeport were among the earliest European settlements in New Jersey as a part of the 17th century New Sweden colony. Gloucester dates back to May 26, 1686, when courts were established separate from those of Burlington. It was officially formed and its boundaries defined as part of West Jersey on May 17, 1694. Portions of Gloucester County were set off on February 7, 1837, to create Atlantic County, and on March 13, 1844 to create Camden County. The county was named for the city
The 2010 United States Census counted 288,288 people, 104,271 households, and 75,805 families in the county. The population density was 895.3 per square mile. There were 109,796 housing units at an average density of 341 per square mile. The racial makeup was 83.56% White, 10.06%
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 254,673 people, 90,717 households, and 67,221 families residing in the county. The population density was 784 people per square mile. There were 95,054 housing units at an average density of 293 per square mile. The racial makeup of
Based on data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gloucester County had a gross domestic product of $14.4 billion in 2018, which was ranked 14th in the state and represented an increase of 1.3% from the previous year.
Charles W. Sandman Jr. (1921–1985), politician who represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district and was the party's candidate for Governor of New Jersey in 1973. I. Grant Scott (1897–1964), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly, the New Jersey Senate and as Mayor of Cape May.
The New Jersey Turnpike (NJTP) is a system of controlled-access highways in the U.S. state of New Jersey, maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTA). The 117.20-mile (188.62 km) mainline's southern terminus is at the interchange with U.S. Route 130 (US 130) and Route 49, where the split of Interstate 295 (I-295) and US 40 occurs, near the border of Pennsville and Carneys Point ...
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