Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, and the 5th-most populous state with a total population of 13,011,844 according to the most recent official U.S. Census count in 2020. It is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia (1,580,863), and Pittsburgh (302,407).
Pennsylvania was home to many Native American groups before Europeanssettled there. These include the Delaware, Susquehanna, and Iroquois. The first European settlers in Pennsylvania were from Sweden. They arrived in 1643. The area was later ruled by the Netherlands and Great Britain. In 1681, Charles II of England, gave the land to William Penn. Penn used the land to create a home for Quakers. The land became known as "Penn's Woods", as Pennsylvania has many forests. In Latinthis is "Pennsylvania". This became adopted as the name of the colony. Meanwhile, in the western part of the state, armies from France and Great Britain fought for control of the source of the Ohio River. This conflict was part of the French and Indian War. Great Britain eventually won the conflict for this location and built a fort called Fort Pitt. The fort grew into a city which is now called Pittsburgh. The state of Delawarewas once part of Pennsylvania. In 1704, Delaware formed when three Pennsylvania coun...
Most of Pennsylvania is part of the Appalachian Mountains, including the south central and northeastern areas of the state. Much of the rest of the state is very hilly, partly due to the closeness to mountains and partly due to the steep river valleys in the state. The Monongahela, Allegheny, and Ohio rivers are in the western part of the state, and the Susquehanna is in the central part of the state. The northwestern and southeastern parts of the state are mostly flat and low-lying. Pennsylvania is the 33rd largest states in the United States, with a land area of 44,817 square miles. The highest point in the state is Mount Davis, at 3,213 feet above sea level. The lowest point is the Delaware River, which is at sea level.
Pennsylvania is the 5th most populated state. In 2000, there were 12,281,054 people. More than half of the people live in the areas of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. Few people live in the north central area of the state. Towns and cities tend to be small in size and densely populated, more so than in other states. This is because many of the towns and cities in Pennsylvania were built around a specific factory or factories.
Pennsylvania has many colleges and universities. Officially, the state's public university is Pennsylvania State University. Best known are a few private university systems which are partially (around 10%) funded by the state, like University of Pittsburgh. The state's most well-known private university is the University of Pennsylvania, an Ivy League institution. Pennsylvania also has a number of state run colleges in Bloomsburg, California, Cheyney, Clarion, East Stroudsburg, Edinboro, Indiana, Kutztown, Lock Haven, Mansfield, Millersville, Shippensburg, Slippery Rock, and West Chester. Those fourteen schools make up one of the largest state run higher education systems in the country. Other significant private universities are Carnegie-Mellon University, known for its computer science research, and Bucknell University.
The Republican lock on Pennsylvania was permanently broken in the era after World War II, and Pennsylvania became a somewhat less powerful state in terms of electoral votes and number of House seats. Pennsylvania adopted its fifth and current constitution in 1968; the new constitution established a unified judicial system and allows governors and the other statewide elected officials to serve two consecutive terms. 
Cities Gallery. Philadelphia is the largest city in Pennsylvania and ranks 6th most populated in the United States . Pittsburgh is the second largest city in the state of Pennsylvania. Erie is the 4th largest city in Pennsylvania. Reading Pennsylvania is the 5th most populated city in the state. Scranton Pennsylvania.
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Centralia is a borough and near-ghost town in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, United States. Its population has dwindled from more than 1,000 residents in 1980 to 63 by 1990, to only five in 2017—a result of the coal mine fire which has been burning beneath the borough since 1962. Centralia, which is part of the Bloomsburg–Berwick metropolitan area, is the least-populated municipality in Pennsylvania. It is completely surrounded by Conyngham Township. All real estate in the borough was...
Many of the Native American tribes in what is now Columbia County sold the land that makes up Centralia to colonial agents in 1749 for the sum of £500. In 1770, during the construction of the Reading Road, which stretched from Reading to Fort Augusta, settlers surveyed and ...
The first two mines in Centralia opened in 1856, the Locust Run Mine and the Coal Ridge Mine. Afterward came the Hazeldell Colliery Mine in 1860, the Centralia Mine in 1862, and the Continental Mine in 1863. The Continental was located on Stephen Girard's former estate. Branching
Analysts disagree about the specific cause of the Centralia fire. David Dekok, author of Fire Underground: The Ongoing Tragedy of the Centralia Mine Fire, concluded that it started with an attempt to clean up the town landfill. In May 1962, the Centralia Borough Council hired fiv
Several current and former Centralia residents believe the state's eminent domain claim was a plot to gain the mineral rights to the anthracite coal beneath the borough. Residents have asserted its value to be in the hundreds of millions of dollars, although the exact amount of coal is not known. This theory is based on the municipality laws of the state. According to state law, when the municipality can no longer form a functioning municipal government, i.e., when there are no longer any reside
As of the census of 2000, there were 21 people, ten households, and seven families residing in the borough. The population density was 87.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 16 housing units at an average density of 66.7 inhabitants per square mile. The racial makeup of the
As of the census of 2010 there were ten people, five households, and three families residing in the borough. The population density was 42 inhabitants per square mile. There were six housing units at an average density of 0.4 units per square mile. The racial makeup of the boroug
The borough is served by a small group of volunteer firefighters operating one fire engine that is more than 30 years old. The fire company ambulance was given to the nearby Wilburton Fire Company in Conyngham Township in 2012. The Centralia Municipal Building still stands, along with its attached fire station garage. By the early 2010s, the building had fallen into disrepair, but new siding was installed in 2012. The building hosts the annual Centralia Cleanup Day, when volunteers collect illeg
Centralia has been used as a model for many different fictional ghost towns and manifestations of Hell. Prominent examples include Dean Koontz's Strange Highways and David Wellington's Vampire Zero. Screenwriter Roger Avary researched Centralia while working on the screenplay for the Silent Hill film adaptation. The 1982 PBS documentary Centralia Mine Fire contains interviews with residents and relates the story of the mine fire. The 1987 film Made in U.S.A. opens in Centralia and the surroundin
- United States
- 1841 (as Bull's Head)
- 1,467 ft (447 m)
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Delaware County lies in the river and bay drainage area named "Delaware" in honor of Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, Governor of the nearby English colony of Virginia. The land was explored by Henry Hudson in 1609, and over the next several decades it was variously claimed and settled by the Swedes, the Dutch, and the English. Its original human inhabitants were the Lenni-Lenapetribe of American Indians. Once the Dutch were defeated and the extent of New York was determined, King Charles II of England made his grant to William Penn in order to found the colony which came to be named Pennsylvania. Penn divided his colony into three counties: Bucks, Philadelphia, and Chester. The riverfront land south of Philadelphia, being the most accessible, was quickly granted and settled. In 1789, the southeastern portion of Chester County was divided from the rest and named Delaware County for the Delaware River.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 191 square miles (490 km2), of which 184 square miles (480 km2) is land and 6.8 square miles (18 km2) (3.5%) is water.It is the third-smallest county in Pennsylvania by area. Delaware County is roughly diamond- or kite-shaped, with the four sides formed by the Chester County boundary to the northwest, the boundary with the state of Delaware (a portion of the "Twelve Mile Circle") to the southwest, the Delaware River (forming the border with the state of New Jersey) to the southeast, and the city of Philadelphia and Montgomery Countyto the east and northeast. The lowest point in the state of Pennsylvania is located on the Delaware River in Marcus Hook in Delaware County, where it flows out of Pennsylvania and into Delaware. The highest point in Delaware County is 500 feet at two points southeast of Wyola in Newtown Township . Waterways in Delaware County generally flow in a southward direction and ultimately drain in...
As of the 2010 census, the county was 71.1% White non-Hispanic, 19.7% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American or Alaskan Native, 4.7% Asian, <0.1% Native Hawaiian, 2.0% were two or more races, and 0.9% were some other race. 3.0% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. As of the 2000 census, there were 550,864 people, 206,320 households, and 139,472 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,990 people per square mile (1,155/km2). There were 216,978 housing units at an average density of 1,178 per square mile (455/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.3% White, 14.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.3% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 1.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.6% were of Irish, 17.5% Italian, 10.1% German and 6.7% Englishancestry. There were 206,320 households, out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% w...
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and exactly one town. There are 49 municipalities in Delaware County:
The county has operated under a home-rule charter with five at-large council-members since 1972. In November 2019, there was a historically significant election held that resulted in the Democratic Party taking total control of the county council for the first time since the Civil War. Another notable election result was that of Nusrat Rashid, who now enjoys the accolades of being the first African-American female Common Pleas judge in the county, as well as being the first Muslim to be elected into any judicial position in the entire Commonwealth. Also of note was the election of Jack Stollsteimer to the position of District Attorney, representing the first time a Democrat has ever had this position in the county.This major change has been colloquially referred to as "The Blue Wave." As of February 2021, there were 406,554 registered voters in Delaware County. 1. Democratic: 199,294 (49.02%) 2. Republican: 153,338 (37.72%) 3. No Affiliation: 34,196 (8.41%) 4. Other Parties: 19,726...
Public school districts
1. Chester Upland School District 2. Chichester School District 3. Delaware County Technical High School, Aston 4. Garnet Valley School District 5. Haverford Township School District 6. Interboro School District 7. Marple Newtown School District 8. Penn-Delco School District 9. Radnor Township School District 10. Ridley School District 11. Rose Tree Media School District 12. Southeast Delco School District 13. Springfield School District 14. Upper Darby School District 15. Wallingford-Swarthm...
In Pennsylvania, charter schools are public schools. They receive a per pupil funding from the state along with federal funding. They are eligible to apply for many competitive grants offered by the state and federal governments. There are two charter schools in 2011. They are located within the attendance borders of the Chester Upland School District. Charter schools may accept students from neighboring school districts. 1. Chester Community Charter School 2. Widener Partnership Charter Scho...
In 1963 the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia had 48 Catholic K-8/elementary schools in Delaware County with a total of 39,695 students, which was the highest ever enrollment. From 1971 to 2012, 20 of these schools closed, with ten of them closing from 2003 to 2012. By 2012 there were 28 Catholic K-8/elementary schools in Delaware County with a total of 8,291 students. One notable private school is Friends School Haverford.
Delaware County is bisected north to south by Blue Route Interstate 476, which connects I-76 just north of the extreme northern corner of the county to I-95, which parallels the Delaware Riveralong the southeastern edge of the county. Delaware County is home to SEPTA's 69th Street Terminal in Upper Darby, and is served by the Norristown High Speed Line (P&W), two Red Arrow trolley lines(Routes 101 and 102),four Regional Rail Lines (the Airport Line, Wilmington/Newark Line, Media/Elwyn Line, and Paoli/Thorndale Line), and a host of bus routes. The western portion of Philadelphia International Airport is located in Delaware County, and the county hosts some airport-related commerce such as Philadelphia's UPSterminal and airport hotels.
There is one Pennsylvania state parkin Delaware County. 1. Ridley Creek State Park County parks include: 1. Clayton Park & Golf Course 2. Glen Providence Park 3. Kent Park/Dog Park 4. Rose Tree Park 5. Smedley Park 6. Upland Park
Harrah's Philadelphia Casino & Racetrack is a harness racing track and casino (i.e., "racino") located on the Chester, Pennsylvania waterfront. It is owned by Vici Properties and operated by Caesars Entertainment.
The city of Chester is home to the Philadelphia Union of Major League Soccer. The team plays at Talen Energy Stadium, a venue located at the base of the Commodore Barry Bridge. Delaware County is the traditional home of women's professional soccer in the Philadelphia area. The former Philadelphia Charge of the defunct Women's United Soccer Association played at Villanova Stadium, which is located on the campus of Villanova University. The Philadelphia Independence of Women's Professional Soccersucceeded the Charge and played at Widener University's Leslie Quick Stadium in 2011. Delaware County is the home of one of oldest baseball leagues in the country, the Delco League, which at one time was known for featuring future, former, and even current major league players who were offered more money than their current teams would pay them. Every summer, Delaware County is home to the Delco Pro-Am, a basketball league consisting of current, future, and former NBA players as well as local s...
The county itself is serviced by several newspapers, most notably the News of Delaware County, the Delaware County Daily Times, The Suburban and Wayne Times, and The Spirit, the only minority owned newspaper serving Delaware County. The Philadelphia Inquirer also has a significant presence, reflecting Philadelphia's influence on Delaware County and the rest of the metro. Delaware County Magazineis the news magazine with the largest circulation in Delaware County, reaching over 186,000 homes.
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Pennsylvania beceneve, a Keystone zárókövet jelent, mivel az állam az első 13 állam között, éppen középen helyezkedett el, és gazdaságilag is a legerősebb volt. Földrajzilag hidat képez mind az északkeleti és déli államok, mind a Keleti-part és a Középnyugat között. Északról, északkeletről New York, keleten, a Delaware folyó túloldalán New Jersey, délen Delaware, Maryland és Nyugat-Virginia, nyugaton az Ohio és az Erie-tó határolja. Fontosabb folyói a Delaware, a Susquehanna, Monongahela, Allegheny és az Ohio. Az állam fővárosa Harrisburg. Pennsylvania kiterjedése észak-déli irányban 274, kelet-nyugati irányban 455 kilométer. Teljes területe 119 283 km², amiből 2 990 km² víz. Az Amerikai Egyesült Államok33. legnagyobb állama. Legnagyobb része az Appalache-hegységhez tartozik. A legalacsonyabb pontja a Delawarefolyó mellett tengerszinten található.
Az állam megalakulása előtt a területen delavár, irokéz, soson és egyéb őshonos indián törzsek laktak. 1643-ban délkeleti részén, Philadelphia környékén svédek telepedtek le, de a terület feletti irányítást előbb a hollandok, majd az angolok (későbbiek során Nagy-Britannia) vették át. 1681. március 4-én II. Károly angol király egy, a mai Pennsylvaniát is magába foglaló területet adományozott William Penn-nek. Penn (keresztény) vallásszabadságot hirdető kvéker kolóniát alapított és latinul „Penn erdejé”nek nevezte el. A földek Philadelphiától északra és nyugatra eső részét, Montgomery, Chester és Delaware megyéket walesikvékerek foglalták el: a területen mai napig maradtak fenn walesi elnevezésű városok. Pennsylvania nyugati része az 1812-es brit–francia-indián háborúban a vitatott területek közé tartozott. A franciák számos erődítményt építettek, köztük a kulcsfontosságú Duquesne-erődöt, a mai Pittsburghterületén. A kolónia elismertsége, a vallásszabadságnak köszönhetően egyre nőtt...
Az államban Perry megyében a legkoncentráltabb a lakosság. Nagy az etnikai szórás, sok ázsiai, arab, koreai, spanyol ajkú és afro-amerikai hívja hazájának. Etnikai megoszlása 2005-ben a teljes lakosságra vetítve: 1. 86,83% fehérbőrű 2. 11,20% feketebőrű 3. 0,45% indián 4. 2,46% ázsiai 5. 0,09 hawaii A lakosság származása szerinti 5 legnagyobb csoport eredete 2003-as adatok szerint: Németország (27,66%) Írország (17,66%), Olaszország (12,82%), angol-amerikaiak (8,89%) és Lengyelország(7,23%).
Az állam 67 megyéből áll.
Pennsylvania bruttó állami terméke (GSP) 2008-ban 553,3 milliárd dollár volt,ezzel az országban a hatodik helyen áll. Ha önálló állam lenne, gazdasága a 18. legnagyobb lenne világviszonylatban. Az egy főre jutó GSP 35 641 dollár, amivel 26. az Egyesült Államokban. Az ipar Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Erie, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre és Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton köré csoportosul. Az állam nagy része mezőgazdasági jellegű. Az Egyesült Államok legnagyobb vállalatait felsoroló Fortune 500 listán hat philadelphiai vállalat szerepel. A város pénzügyi központként is funkcionál. Pittsburghben nyolc Fortune 500 cég található,Pennsylvaniában összesen pedig 50. A legnagyobb munkáltató az államban a Walmart, ezt követően pedig a Pennsylvaniai Egyetem. A munkanélküliségi ráta az államban 2010 januárjában 8,8% volt.Állatfaja: fehérfarkú szarvas (Odocoileus virginianus)Itala: tejMadara: galléros császármadár (Bonasa umbellus)Fővárosa: Harrisburg
Meadville, Pennsylvania. Meadville is a city in and the county seat of Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 13,388.