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  1. Os maiores aglomerados urbanos do Brasil, de acordo com a estimativa do IBGE para 2019, são as conurbações de São Paulo (com 21 656 301 habitantes), Rio de Janeiro (12 777 959), Belo Horizonte (5 178 131), Recife (4 056 323) e Brasília (4 012 896). [182]

  2. Além disso, teve ampla repercussão na Internet, gerando memes e investigações online. Durante a investigação da Polícia, foi revelado que Bruno teve ajuda de dois amigos e de um primo para a realização do "projeto", e que Bruno fez um contrato destinando parte da venda dos livros — como TAC - Teoria da Absorção do Conhecimento ...

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  4. › wiki › BrazilBrazil - Wikipedia

    Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil; Brazilian Portuguese: ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil), is a country in South America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3,300,000 sq mi) [12] and with over 211 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the sixth most populous .

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    • Pre-Cabraline History
    • Early Brazil
    • The Kingdom and Empire of Brazil
    • Republic
    • Redemocratization to Present
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    Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas, Luzia Woman, were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Geraisand provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. When Portuguese explorers arrived in Brazil, the region was inhabited by hundreds of different types of Jiquabu tribes, "the earliest going back at least 10,000 years in the highlands of Minas Gerais". The dating of the origins of the first inhabitants, who were called "Indians" (índios) by the Portuguese, is still a matter of dispute among archaeologists. The earliest pottery ever found in the Western Hemisphere, radiocarbon-dated 8,000 years old, has been excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil, near Santarém, providing evidence to overturn the assumption that the tropical forest region was too poor in resources to have supported a complex prehistoric culture".The current most widely accepted view of anthropologists, linguists and geneticists is that the early tribes were part of the...

    The papal bull inter caetera had divided the New World between Spain and Portugal in 1493, and the Treaty of Tordesillasadded to this by moving the dividing line westwards. There are many theories regarding who was the first European to set foot on the land now called Brazil. Besides the widely accepted view of Cabral's discovery, some say that it was Duarte Pacheco Pereira between November and December 1498 and some others say that it was first encountered by Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, a Spanish navigator who had accompanied Columbus in his first voyage of discovery to the Americas, having supposedly arrived in today's Pernambuco region on 26 January 1500 but was unable to claim the land because of the Treaty of Tordesillas. In April 1500, Brazil was claimed for Portugal on the arrival of the Portuguese fleet commanded by Pedro Álvares Cabral. The Portuguese encountered stone-using natives divided into several tribes, many of whom shared the same Tupi–Guarani language family, and fought...

    Brazil was one of only three modern states in the Americas to have its own indigenous monarchy (the other two were Mexico and Haiti) – for a period of almost 90 years. As the Haitian Revolution for independence against the French crown was taking place in the late 1700s, Brazil, then a colony of Portugal, was also on the verge of starting their own revolution for independence. In the early 1790s, plots to overthrow the Portuguese colonial government flooded the streets of Brazil. Poor whites, a few upper-class whites, freed persons, slaves and mixed-race natives wanted to revolt against the Portuguese crown in order to abolish slavery, take power from the Catholic Church, end all forms of racial oppression, and establish a new governmental system that provided equal opportunities to all citizens. Though original plots had been foiled by royal authorities, Brazilians remained persistent in forming plots for revolutions after an outbreak of successful independence movements. The plan...

    Old Republic

    Pedro II was deposed on November 15, 1889, by a Republican military coup led by General Deodoro da Fonseca, who became the country's first de facto president through military ascension. The country's name became the Republic of the United States of Brazil (which in 1967 was changed to Federative Republic of Brazil). Two military presidents ruled through four years of dictatorship amid conflicts among the military and political elites (two Naval revolts, followed by a Federalist revolt), and a...

    Populism and development

    After 1930, the successive governments continued industrial and agriculture growth and development of the vast interior of Brazil.Getúlio Vargas led a military junta that had taken control in 1930 and would remain to rule from 1930 to 1945 with the backing of Brazilian military, especially the Army. In this period, he faced internally the Constitutionalist Revolt in 1932 and two separate coup d'état attempts: by Communists in 1935 and by local right-wing elements of the Brazilian Integralismm...

    Military dictatorship

    The Brazilian military government, also known in Brazil as the United States of Brazil or Fifth Brazilian Republic, was the authoritarian military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from 1 April 1964 to 15 March 1985. It began with the 1964 coup d'état led by the Armed Forces against the administration of President João Goulart. The coup was planned and executed by the commanders of the Brazilian Army and received the support of almost all high-ranking members of the military, along with conserva...

    Tancredo Neves was elected president in an indirect election in 1985 as the nation returned to civilian rule. He died before being sworn in, and the elected vice president, José Sarney, was sworn in as president in his place. Fernando Collor de Mello was the first elected president by popular vote after the military regime in December 1989 defeating Luiz Inácio Lula da Silvain a two-round presidential race and 35 million votes. Collor won in the state of São Paulo against many prominent political figures. The first democratically elected President of Brazil in 29 years, Collor spent much of the early years of his government battling hyper-inflation, which at times reached rates of 25% per month. Collor's neoliberal program was also followed by his successor Fernando Henrique Cardoso who maintained free trade and privatization programs. Collor's administration began the process of privatization of a number of government-owned enterprises such as Acesita, Embraer, Telebrás and Companh...


    1. de Almeida, Carla Maria Carvalho, and Jurandir Malerba. "Rediscovering Portuguese America: Internal Dynamics and New Social Actors in the Historiography of Colonial Brazil: a Tribute to Ciro Flamarion Cardoso." Storia della storiografia 67#1 (2015): 87–100. online 2. Historein/Ιστορείν. A review of the past and other stories, vol. 17.1 (2018) (issue dedicated on "Brazilian Historiography: Memory, Time and Knowledge in the Writing of History"). 3. Perez, Carlos. "Brazil" in Kelly Boyd, ed....

    In Portuguese

    1. Abreu, Capistrano de. Capítulos de História Colonial. Capítulos de História Colonial in Portuguese 2. Calógeras, João Pandiá. Formação Histórica do Brasil. Formação Histórica do Brasil in Portuguese 3. Furtado, Celso. Formação econômica do Brasil. (,%20Celso/Celso%20Furtado%20-%20Forma%C3%A7%C3%A3o%20Econ%C3%B4mica%20do%20Brasil.pdf) 4. Prado Junior, Caio. História econômica do Brasil. (

    (in English) Brazil – Article on Brazil from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia.
    (in English) Latin American Network Information Center. "Brazil: History". USA: University of Texas at Austin.
    (in Portuguese) – Online supplement to the textbook Brazil: Five Centuries of Changeby Thomas Skidmore.
  6. Jun 27, 2021 · Veja também (See also/Mira también): Category:History of Brazil 1808-1821 Portuguese Court in Brazil, Category:History of Brazil 1822-1831 Pedro I Reign, Category:History of Brazil 1831-1840 Regency and Category:History of Brazil 1840-1889 Pedro II Reign

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