The Albanian Wikipedia ( Albanian: Wikipedia Shqip) is the Albanian language edition of Wikipedia started on October 12, 2003. As of May 7, 2021, the Wikipedia has 82,946 articles and is the 73rd-largest Wikipedia.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albanian_Wikipedia
The term Albania is the medieval Latin name of the country. It may be derived from the Illyrian tribe of Albani (Albanian: Albanët) recorded by Ptolemy, the geographer and astronomer from Alexandria, who drafted a map in 150 AD which shows the city of Albanopolis located northeast of Durrës.
Albania është një vendemërtim i huaj, ai është sinonim i fjalës (shih: Albanët).Emërtimi, që sot nënkupton Shqipërinë, e ka prejardhjen nga një fis ilir, i cili sipas gjeografit aleksandrin Ptolemeu rreth shekullit të 2-të pas Krishtit jetonte midis Durrësit dhe Matit.
The Albanian Wikipedia ( Albanian: Wikipedia Shqip) is the Albanian language edition of Wikipedia started on October 12, 2003. As of May 7, 2021, the Wikipedia has 82,946 articles and is the 73rd-largest Wikipedia.
- Other alphabets used for written Albanian
The Albanian alphabet is a variant of the Latin alphabet used to write the Albanian language. It consists of 36 letters: Capital letters A B C Ç D Dh E Ë F G Gj H I J K L Ll M N Nj O P Q R Rr S Sh T Th U V X Xh Y Z Zh Lower case letters a b c ç d dh e ë f g gj h i j k l ll m n nj o p q r rr s sh t th u v x xh y z zh IPA value a b t͡s t͡ʃ d ð ɛ ə f ɡ ɟ͡ʝ h i j k l ɫ m n ɲ ɔ p c ɹ r s ʃ t θ u v d͡z d͡ʒ y z ʒ Note: The vowels are shown in bold. Listen to the...
The earliest known mention of Albanian writings comes from a French Catholic church document from 1332. Written either by archbishop Guillaume Adam or the monk Brocardus Monacus the report notes that Licet Albanenses aliam omnino linguam a latina habeant et diversam, tamen litteram latinam habent in usu et in omnibus suis libris. Scholars warn that this could mean Albanians also wrote in the Latin language, not necessarily just Albanian with a Latin script. The history of the later Albanian alph
The modern Latin-based Albanian alphabet is the result of long evolution. Before the creation of the unified alphabet, Albanian was written in several different alphabets, with several sub-variants
Albania(Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë, IPA[??'publi?ka ? ??cip?'?is]) metung yang bangsa king Mediterraneanking maulingaslagang Europa.
- 0.780 (medium) (72nd)
- Historical considerations
- Gheg dialects
- Transitional dialects
- Tosk dialects
The Albanian language is composed of many dialects, divided into two major groups: Gheg and Tosk. The Shkumbin river is roughly the geographical dividing line, with Gheg spoken north of the Shkumbin and Tosk south of it.
The characteristics of the Albanian dialects Tosk and Gheg, in the treatment of the native and loanwords from other languages, have led to the conclusion that the dialectal split preceded the Slavic migration to the Balkans. According to the view of Demiraj, during the process of dialect split Albanian populations were roughly in their present location, while Eric Hamp notes that "it must be relatively old, that is, dating back into the post-Roman first millennium. As a guess, it seems possible
Gheg is divided into four sub-dialects: Northwest Gheg, Northeast Gheg, Central Gheg, and Southern Gheg. Northwest Gheg is spoken throughout Montenegro, northwestern Kosovo, Lezhë, northwestern Mirditë, Pukë, and Shkodër. Northeast Gheg is spoken throughout most of Kosovo, Preševo, Has, northeastern Mirditë, Kukës, Tropojë, and northern Tetovo. Central Gheg is spoken in Debar, Gostivar, Krujë, Peshkopi, southern Mirditë, Mat, eastern Struga, Kumanovo, and southern Tetovo. Southern ...
The transitional dialects are spoken in southern Elbasan so-called Greater Elbasan, southern Peqin, northwestern Gramsh, extreme southern Kavajë, northern and central Lushnjë, and southern Librazhd,and Flazian-Falazdim-whish spoken in north of Albania.
Tosk is divided into five sub-dialects: Northern Tosk, Labërisht, Çam, Arvanitika, and Arbëresh. Northern Tosk is spoken in Berat, Fier, extreme southeastern Elbasan, most of Gramsh, Kolonjë, Korçë, Ohër, Përmet, east of the Vjosë river of Tepelenë, southern Struga, Pogradec, Prespa and northern Vlorë. Lab is spoken in southern Vlorë, Dukat, Himarë, Mallakastër, Delvinë, west of the Vjosë river of Tepelenë, Gjirokastër and Sarandë. Çam is spoken in southern Sarandë and ...
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- Italian penetration
The Albanian Republic was the official name of Albania as enshrined in the Constitution of 1925. Albania became a de facto protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy after the signing of the Treaties of Tirana of 1926 and 1927. Albania was declared a constitutional monarchy in 1928. Upon its inception, Italy demanded to be allies with the republic. This was done largely to increase Italy's influence in the Balkans, and to aid Italian and Albanian security in their territorial feuds with the Second Hel
After defeating Fan Noli's government, Ahmet Zogu recalled parliament in order to find a solution for the uncrowned principality of Albania. Parliament quickly adopted a new constitution, proclaimed Albania a republic, and granted Zogu dictatorial powers that allowed him to appoint and dismiss ministers, veto legislation, name all major administrative personnel, and choose a third of the Senate's members. The new constitution provided for a parliamentary republic, with a powerful president servi
In return for aiding Zogu's invasion, Belgrade expected repayment in the form of territory and influence in Tirana. Although Zogu promised Belgrade frontier concessions before the invasion, the Albanian leader continued to press Albania's own territorial claims. On July 30, 1925, the two nations signed an agreement returning the monastery of Saint Naum on Lake Ohrid, and other disputed borderlands, to the Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia, however, never reaped the dividends it hoped for when it invested i
The Albanian tribes form a historical mode of social organization in Albania and the southwestern Balkans characterized by a common culture, often common patrilineal kinship ties tracing back to one progenitor and shared social ties. The fis stands at the center of Albanian organization based on kinship relations, a concept which can be found among southern Albanians also with the term farë. Inherited from ancient Illyrian social structures, Albanian tribal society emerged in the early...
Fundamental terms that define Albanian tribal structure are shared by all regions. Some terms may be used interchangeably with the same semantic content and other terms have a different content depending on the region. No uniform or standard classification exists as societal structure showed variance even within the same general area. The term fis is the central concept of Albanian tribal structure. The fis is a community whose members are linked to each other as kin through the same patrilineal
The northern Albanian tribes are fiercely proud of the fact that they have never been completely conquered by external powers, in particular by the Ottoman Empire. This fact is raised on the level of historical and heritage orthodoxy among the members of the tribes. In the 18th century the Ottomans instituted the system of bajrak military organization in northern Albania and Kosovo. From the Ottoman perspective, the institution of the bajrak had multiple benefits. Although it recognized a semi-a
Among Gheg Malësors the fis, is headed by the oldest male and formed the basic unit of tribal society. The governing councils consist of elders. The idea of law administration is so closely related to the "old age", that "to arbitrate" is me pleknue, and plekní means both ...
In southern Albania, the social system is based on the house and the fis, consisting of a patrilineal kinship group and an exogamous unit composed by members with some property in common. The patrilineal kinship ties are defined by the concept of "blood" also implying physical an
Malisor society used tribal law and participated in the custom of bloodfeuding. Ottoman control mainly existed in the few urban centres and valleys of northern Albania and was minimal to almost non-existent in the mountains, where Malisors lived an autonomous existence according
Besa is a word in the Albanian language meaning "pledge of honour. The besa was an important institution within the tribal society of the Albanian Malisors. Albanian tribes swore oaths to jointly fight against the government and in this aspect the besa served to uphold tribal aut
The Malisors lived in three geographical regions within northern Albania. Malësia e Madhe contained five large tribes with four having a Catholic majority and Muslim minority with Gruda evenly split between both religions. Within Malësia e Madhe there were an additional seven small tribes. During times of war and mobilisation of troops, the bajraktar of Hoti was recognised by the Ottoman government as leader of all forces of the Malësia e Madhe tribes having collectively some 6,200 ...
Television in Albania was first introduced in 1960. RTSH dominated the Albanian broadcasting field up to the mid-1990s, a period when privately owned radio and TV stations started to occupy the vast empty Albanian frequencies.