The term Albania is the medieval Latin name of the country. It may be derived from the Illyrian tribe of Albani (Albanian: Albanët) recorded by Ptolemy, the geographer and astronomer from Alexandria, who drafted a map in 150 AD which shows the city of Albanopolis located northeast of Durrës.
Albania është një vendemërtim i huaj, ai është sinonim i fjalës (shih: Albanët).Emërtimi, që sot nënkupton Shqipërinë, e ka prejardhjen nga një fis ilir, i cili sipas gjeografit aleksandrin Ptolemeu rreth shekullit të 2-të pas Krishtit jetonte midis Durrësit dhe Matit.
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Sulmet e ushtrive osmane për pushtimin e viseve shqiptare nisën në mesin e viteve 80 të shek. XIV. Të udhëhequra nga bejlerbeu i Rumelisë, Timurtash Pasha, në vitin 1385 ushtritë osmane, pasi morën Sofjen, u futën në Shqipëri dhe pushtuan qytetet e Shtipit, të Përlepit, të Manastirit dhe të Kosturit.
- Other alphabets used for written Albanian
The Albanian alphabet is a variant of the Latin alphabet used to write the Albanian language. It consists of 36 letters: Capital letters A B C Ç D Dh E Ë F G Gj H I J K L Ll M N Nj O P Q R Rr S Sh T Th U V X Xh Y Z Zh Lower case letters a b c ç d dh e ë f g gj h i j k l ll m n nj o p q r rr s sh t th u v x xh y z zh IPA value a b t͡s t͡ʃ d ð ɛ ə f ɡ ɟ͡ʝ h i j k l ɫ m n ɲ ɔ p c ɹ r s ʃ t θ u v d͡z d͡ʒ y z ʒ Note: The vowels are shown in bold. Listen to the...
The earliest known mention of Albanian writings comes from a French Catholic church document from 1332. Written either by archbishop Guillaume Adam or the monk Brocardus Monacus the report notes that Licet Albanenses aliam omnino linguam a latina habeant et diversam, tamen litteram latinam habent in usu et in omnibus suis libris. Scholars warn that this could mean Albanians also wrote in the Latin language, not necessarily just Albanian with a Latin script. The history of the later Albanian alph
The modern Latin-based Albanian alphabet is the result of long evolution. Before the creation of the unified alphabet, Albanian was written in several different alphabets, with several sub-variants
Wikipedia Shqip është versioni shqip i Wikipedia-s, enciklopedisë së lirë. Ajo filloi më 12 tetor 2003 dhe sot përmban 79.920 artikuj.Wikipedia shqip e ka vendin e 72-të sipas listës së Wikipedia-ve.
A period of Albanian piracy (Albanian: Pirateria shqipëtare) occurred from the 15th to the 19th centuries, during which Albanian pirates plundered and raided ships. These pirates were based mainly in Ulcinj, but were also found in Bar and Ragusa, and had connections with North Africa.
Sarandë or Saranda is the fifteenth most populous city of the Republic of Albania and the capital of the eponymous municipality. Geographically, the city is located on an open sea gulf of the Ionian Sea within the Mediterranean Sea. Stretching along the Albanian Ionian Sea Coast, Saranda typically has over 300 sunny days a year and is about 14 km east of the island of Corfu. The city is known for its blue deep waters of the Mediterranean. Near Sarandë are the remains of the ancient city...
Saranda is from the name of the Byzantine monastery of the Agioi Saranda, meaning the "Forty Saints", in honor of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste. Under Ottoman rule, the town in the Turkish language became known as Aya Sarandi and then Sarandoz. Owing to Venetian influence in the region, it often appeared under its Italian name Santi Quaranta on Western maps. This usage continued even after the establishment of the Principality of Albania, owing to the first Italian occupation of the region. Durin
Due to the archaic features found in the ancient Greek name of the city: Onchesmus and the toponyms of the surrounding region it appears that the site was part of the proto-Greek area of late 3rd-early 2nd millennium BC Bronze Age tools typical of Mycenaean Greece have been unear
In the early 19th century during the rule of Ali Pasha, British diplomat William Martin Leake reported that there existed a small settlement under the name Skala or Skaloma next to the harbor. Following the Ottoman administrative reform of 1867, a müdürluk of Sarandë ...
The district of Saranda lies in the most southern extremity of Albania. It is bordered with Vlora to the north, Delvina and Gjirokastër to the east and with Greece to the south of Ionian Sea. Saranda is a place in the most southern part of Albania. It lies between the hills that descend and reach the Ionian Sea. The district of Saranda has a plain relief which is composed of southern seashore mountains that lie from Borsh to the bay of Ftelia, Vrina Fields and the hills of Saranda ...
During the late Ottoman period until the Balkan Wars Sarandë consisted of only a harbour and was without permanent residents. In 1912, right after the Albanian Declaration of Independence, the settlement had only 110 inhabitants. At the 1927 census, it had 810 inhabitants, but was not yet a town. In the 1930s, it had a good demographic development, and it is in this period that the first public buildings and the main roads were constructed. In 1957, the city had 8,700 inhabitants and was ...
Given its coastal access and Mediterranean climate, Sarandë has become an important tourist attraction since the fall of communism in Albania. Saranda as well as the rest of the Albanian Riviera, according to The Guardian, "is set to become the new undiscovered gem of the overcrowded Med." Tourism is thus the major economic resource, while other resources include services, fisheries and construction. The unemployment rate according to the population census of 2008 was 8.32%. It has been ...
- Operational plans
- Valuable Project/Fiend
The operation resulted in 300 deaths and was one of the most carefully concealed secrets of the Cold War. In 2006, some 2,300 pages of documents laying out major parts of the Albania Project under its two major cryptonyms, BGFIEND and OBOPUS, were declassified by a U.S. government interagency working group acting under the terms of the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act. These documents are available at the National Archives in College Park, Maryland.
The reason behind the operation in Albania was that Albania was separated from the rest of the Soviet Bloc by Yugoslavia, which had split with the Soviet Union in June 1948. Albania was also the poorest European nation, and was home to about one million people, many still divided along semi-feudal and tribal lines. In addition to its three major religious groups, there were two distinct socio-economic classes: people owning land, and the remainder. The landowners, constituted about 1% of the pop
In this post-war chaos of 1949 the allies decided to launch their operation. The plan called for parachute drops of royalists into the Mati region in Central Albania. The region was traditionally known as a bastion of Albanian traditionalism and moreover praised for their loyalty to King Zog, himself an offspring of one of the regional clans. The original plan was that, if the British government could parachute in enough well-trained agents, they could organize a massive popular revolt, which th
A dozen Albanian emigrés were recruited and taken to Libya to train for a pilot project that would become known as Operation Valuable. The SIS, with U.S. Army Col. 'Ace' Miller as a liaison, trained these men in the use of weapons, codes and radio, the techniques of subversion and sabotage. They were dropped into the mountains of Mati throughout 1947, but failed to impress the inhabitants of the region into a larger revolt. The operation dragged on until 1949. There were sabotage attempts ...
Shehu, Sufa, Matjani and others were put on trial, which found all guilty as charged. Shehu, Sula and the royal guards were to be shot, Matjani to be hanged. Many of the local inhabitants who were suspected of having helped the guerrillas, were jailed or forcibly located elsewhere in Albania. Whatever remained of the anticommunist resistance was virtually erased.
Enver Hoxha (/ ˈ h ɒ dʒ ə / HOJ-ə, Albanian: [ɛnˈvɛɾ ˈhɔdʒa] (); 16 October 1908 – 11 April 1985) was an Albanian communist revolutionary and statesman who served as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania, from 1941 until his death in 1985.