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  1. Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogencarbonate), commonly known as baking soda or bicarbonate of soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO 3. It is a salt composed of a sodium cation ( Na + ) and a bicarbonate anion ( HCO 3 − ).

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › BicarbonateBicarbonate - Wikipedia

    Chemical properties. The bicarbonate ion (hydrogencarbonate ion) is an anion with the empirical formula HCO − 3 and a molecular mass of 61.01 daltons; it consists of one central carbon atom surrounded by three oxygen atoms in a trigonal planar arrangement, with a hydrogen atom attached to one of the oxygens.

  3. Sodium chloride is the principal extinguishing agent in fire extinguishers (Met-L-X, Super D) used on combustible metal fires such as magnesium, potassium, sodium, and NaK alloys (Class D). Thermoplastic powder is added to the mixture, along with waterproofing (metal stearates) and anti-caking materials (tricalcium phosphate) to form the ...

  4. Salts are often referred to only by the name of the cation (e.g., sodium salt or ammonium salt) or by the name of the anion (e.g., chloride salt or acetate salt). Common salt-forming cations include: Ammonium NH + 4; Calcium Ca 2+ Iron Fe 2+ and Fe 3+ Magnesium Mg 2+ Potassium K + Pyridinium C 5 H 5 NH + Quaternary ammonium NR + 4, R being an ...

  5. Potassium bicarbonate is a contact killer for Spanish moss when mixed 1/4 cup per gallon. History. The word saleratus, from Latin sal æratus meaning "aerated salt", first used in the nineteenth century, refers to both potassium bicarbonate and sodium bicarbonate. References

  6. Sodium bisulfite (or sodium bisulphite, sodium hydrogen sulfite) is a chemical mixture with the approximate chemical formula NaHSO 3. Sodium bisulfite in fact is not a real compound, but a mixture of salts that dissolve in water to give solutions composed of sodium and bisulfite ions. It appears in form of white or yellowish-white crystals with ...

  7. Sodium percarbonate is a chemical substance with formula Na 2 H 3 CO 6. It is an adduct of sodium carbonate ("soda ash" or "washing soda") and hydrogen peroxide (that is, a perhydrate) whose formula is more properly written as 2 Na 2 CO 3 · 3 H 2 O 2. It is a colorless, crystalline, hygroscopic and water-soluble solid. It is sometimes ...

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