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Sodium bicarbonate ( IUPAC name: sodium hydrogencarbonate  ), commonly known as baking soda or bicarbonate of soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3. It is a salt composed of a sodium cation ( Na +) and a bicarbonate anion ( HCO 3− ). Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline, but often appears as a fine powder.
- NaHCO, ₃
- 69 g/L (0 °C), 96 g/L (20 °C), 165 g/L (60 °C)
- 84.0066 g mol−1
- (Decomposes to sodium carbonate starting at 50 °C)
The bicarbonate ion (hydrogencarbonate ion) is an anion with the empirical formula HCO− 3 and a molecular mass of 61.01 daltons; it consists of one central carbon atom surrounded by three oxygen atoms in a trigonal planar arrangement, with a hydrogen atom attached to one of the oxygens. It is isoelectronic with nitric acid HNO 3.
- HCO−, ₃
- 61.0168 g mol−1
Sodium bicarbonate. Ball and stick model of a sodium cation: Ball and stick model of a bicarbonate anion: Names; IUPAC name. sodium hydrogen carbonate. Other names
It is among the food additives encoded by European Union, identified as E 500.Since it has long been known and is widely used, the salt has many related names such as baking soda, bread soda, cooking soda, and bicarbonate of sodaSodium bicarbonate reduces stomach acid. It is used as an antacid to treat heartburn,indigestion, and upset stomach. Sodium bicarbonate is a very quick-acting antacid. It should be used only for te...This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health careprofessional. Use this drug for a condition that is l...This medication may be used to make the urine less acidic. This effect helps the kidneys get rid of uric acid, thereby helping to prevent gout and kidney stones. It can make some medications (e.g.,...
Source: Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_bicarbonate WebMD, http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-11325/sodium-bicarbonate-oral/details
Sodium percarbonate is a chemical substance with formula Na 2H 3CO 6. It is an adduct of sodium carbonate ("soda ash" or "washing soda") and hydrogen peroxide (that is, a perhydrate) whose formula is more properly written as 2 Na 2CO 3 · 3 H 2O 2. It is a colorless, crystalline, hygroscopic and water-soluble solid.
- Na₂CO₃·1.5 H₂O₂
- 156.982 g/mol
- 150 g/l