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  1. Germany - Wikitravel

    wikitravel.org/en/Germany

    Oct 10, 2020 · Germany, (officially: the Federal Republic of Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the largest country in Central Europe.It is bordered to the north by Denmark, to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands.

    • 357,022km², water: 8,350km², land: 348,672km²
    • Euro (€)
    • Berlin
    • Federal Republic
  2. Bavaria - Wikitravel

    wikitravel.org/en/Bavaria
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    Bavaria (German: Bayern)[1] is the largest federal state (\\"Bundesland\\" or shortened to Land) of Germany, situated in the south-east of the country, and extends from the North German Plain up to the Alps in the south. Bavaria is what many non-Germans probably have in mind when they think about Germany. Ironically, much of southern Bavaria has more in common culturally with neighbouring Austria and Switzerland than with the rest of Germany. This stereotype includes Lederhosen (leather trousers), sausages and lots of beer - Bavaria, however, has much more to offer to the traveller. Along with the Rheinland and Berlin, it is Germany's most popular tourist destination.

    Bavarians are the proudest of all Germans. Locals are loyal to their roots and traditions. Bavaria is also the most autonomous of German states, and many Bavarians see themselves as Bavarians first and foremost, Germans second. The German stereotype of beer drinking, sausage-eating and Lederhosen, is found only in rural Bavaria and mainly in the south and east towards Austria and the Alps or the thick forests that border the Czech Republic and Bohemia.

    About 60% of Bavarians are Catholic and are usually more conservative than the rest of Germany (or Europe for that matter). Munich, however, is a quite liberal city with a huge number of people from other parts of Germany, Europe, and the world, and it has a large English-speaking community. It can be quite hard to find someone with truly Bavarian origins in the city, as most people come to work there and stay only for a short time.

    There are two direct fast trains from Prague to Nuremberg and two to Munich. At Schwandorf station, the trains to Nuremberg have a connection to Munich a vice versa. German railways offer a non-stop bus between Prague and Nuremberg, operating every 2 hours and using the German domestic railway rate.

    Single tickets are quite expensive when bought at train station. For direct trains you can buy cheaper e-tickets [2], but at least 3 days in advance.

    There are daily night train connections from Amsterdam, Netherlands (via Cologne and Frankfurt) and Rome, Italy and Venice (both via Verona and Innsbruck) to Munich central station.

    Trains are the main mode of transportation for visitors since they easily connect towns with larger cities.

    If you're travelling within Bavaria, you can purchase the Bayern-Ticket [3], which will give you all-day travel in regional trains (categories S, RB, RE and IRE) within Bavaria and even to the border towns of Salzburg, Reutte or Ulm. You can use it also for private trains and most of local buses and city transport. On working days the ticket is valid from 9AM to 3AM the following day. On weekends it is valid from midnight.

    Most Bavarians speak standard German; however, in southern Bavaria, outside of Munich, Austro-Bavarian (east) or Swabian (west) is the native language of many. In the north Franconian is the traditional language but few speakers remain. In the cities (including Munich) standard German is the local language, but Austro-Bavarian-, and Swabian-speakers typically do speak standard German as well (except possibly older people in the far south). Most people speak at least some English or other foreign languages (particularly French), especially the younger generation.

    Bavaria has many family-friendly places, as well as those for the younger generations. Places to see include the walled city of Rothenburg ob der Tauber (Rothenburg o.d.T.), Schloss (palace) Herrenchiemsee - Ludwig II's unfinished castle based on Versailles on its own island in the beautiful lake Chiemsee, the historical cities of Nuremberg (Nürnberg) and Regensburg (visit St. Peter's cathedral, which you can't miss as it is the biggest building in Regensburg), Bodenmais (known for it's fine crystal and known as the \\"Switzerland of Bavaria\\"), and of course the legendary Neuschwanstein Castle often called the \\"fairytale castle\\" - the role model for the \\"Magic Kingdom\\" of Walt Disney.

    Of course, for kids, there is the Playmobil park near Nuremberg, an indoor Trampoline funpark in Regensburg, and the town of Riedenburg on the Altmühl river that has a castle with daily falconry shows.

    Also, many towns have some historical features in their limits. There are castle ruins, full castles still being used as residences, local museums, caves, and old mines that most tourists will never see. Some of these are better than the 20 fee to see a boring guided tour at one of the more famous cities in Germany. Why pay a fee for seeing only a small part of the castle when you can find an old castle in the countryside that you can explore on your own and maybe discover something new that has not even been documented?

    It's sad to see tourists who pay too much money to see \\"tourist castles\\" when the price of a rental car and the will to explore can yield many free or cheap sites, which are sometimes better than the overpriced attractions, that limit what you can see or do.

    Bavaria has very good ski and snowboard resorts in the Bavarian Alps and in the Bavarian Forest. They are much smaller than the resorts in neighbouring Austria or Switzerland, though. They are always well maintained and usually cheaper. The most famous and crowded are in Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Oberstdorf.

    Bavarian cuisine is famous for Schweinsbraten (roast pork), Bratwürstl sausages, Nürnberger Bratwurst, probably the smallest sausage in Germany, Weißwurst sausage made from veal, Leberkäse (a type of meatloaf), Schweinshaxe (grilled pork knuckle) as well as a variety of different Knödel (dumplings) and Kartoffelsalat (potato salad). Also in the Oberallgäu, the southwesternmost part of bavaria, the traditional food is Kässpatzen, made with much Bavarian cheese. Also, some Gasthaus's have various season specials based on what is available locally at that time. There can be specials like Truffle dishes in the southern mountain areas, specialty mushrooms in the Oberpfalz area, seasonal Salmon dishes on the Donau / Altmuhl river area, local trout specials in all small villages, seasonal asparagus dishes, and during hunting season there are occasional fresh wild boar and venison dishes - Bavaria is a gastronomic wonderland (especially for the meat aficionado)! The north of Bavaria is famous not only for its beer but also for its (white) wines that come in special bottles called \\"Bocksbeutel\\" (bottles with a big round yet flat belly). For a sweet treat, try Eiswein (Ice wine), made from grapes that are allowed to stay until the first severe frost and then pressed and made into a very sweet wine.

    Beer is something very special for bavarians. It is strongly connected to the so called \\"Reinheitsgebot\\" from 1516 which sets the standards for regular beer brewing. The saying \\"Hopfen und Malz, Gott erhalts\\" (\\"Hops and malt, may God preserve them\\") is well known and seen as a law, even if it never reached the state of this. Bavarian beer is therefore regarded as one of the best brewed beers in the world. Some Bavarians choose to ironically point at \\"foreign\\" beers like the famous \\"Kölsch\\" from Cologne or beers from Belgium as \\"water\\" respectively \\"sugared water\\". Bavarians love their beer. One of the most beloved is the \\"Weißbier\\", a cloudy, unfiltered beer brewed with wheat, which is commonly consumed earlier in the day with a Weisswurst and sweet mustard. It's good to know that there exists a special ritual with this beer: Normally it will be served in a special glass, called \\"Weißbierglas\\". But if you get the empty glass and the bottle of beer, you have to fill it by yourself: in one step without dropping the bottle. Weissbier is more carbonated than most other beers and produces a lot of foam so it is not easy to fill without spilling something.

    Bavarias beer garden [9] season starts in mid April and runs right through to October. The shade of ancient horse chestnut trees become a rendezvous for both young and old, rich and not-so-rich, and locals and visitors alike: a place to enjoy a convivial glass of cold beer and some tasty Bavarian snacks. You can even bring your own food (but not drinks).

    Statistically, Bavaria is one of the safest regions (if not the safest) in Germany and Europe. The biggest threat to your wallet is the (perfectly legal) high price level.

  3. Germany – Travel guide at Wikivoyage

    en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Germany

    Germany has numerous cities of interest to visitors; here are just nine of the most famous travel destinations. They are mostly the larger cities of Germany. Some, such as Berlin and Hamburg, stand like urban islands in more rural landscapes, others, like Düsseldorf and Frankfurt, are part of metropolitan areas together with other cities.

    • euro (EUR)
    • 81.2 million (2015)
    • 230 volt / 50 hertz (Schuko, Europlug)
    • Berlin
  4. Würzburg - Wikitravel

    wikitravel.org/en/Würzburg
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    Würzburg or Wuerzburg[3] (and sometimes mis-spelled as Wurzburg) is in Franconia, in northern Bavaria,Germany.

    Founded in the 10th century, Würzburg served as the home of powerful prince-bishops for many centuries. It is renowned for the Residence, regarded as one of the finest palaces in Europe and a high point of Baroque art (also UNESCO cultural world heritage). Würzburg is also home to one of the oldest churches in Germany, built in the 8th century on top of a former pagan shrine. One of its most famous structures, Festung Marienberg, is a fortress which now surrounds the church.

    Würzburg was the center of the kingdom known as Franconia. In the 19th century, Napoleon merged Franconia with Bavaria, by which the city is ruled to this day. Würzburg experienced heavy demolition during a 20-minute bombing raid in 1945 which destroyed some 80% of its city buildings. Much of the city has since been rebuilt, though not as painstakingly true to its original architecture as some other historic german communities. Anyone eager to visit this town to study its historic architectural structures should be prepared to see its restored buildings placed next to several post-war modernistic houses. Würzburg has been home to a large US military installment since post-World War II reconstruction. As a result, many of the locals are familiar with American customs. However, as of 2006, the military base is scheduled to close which will cause the city to lose most of its American bases.

    Würzburg is not served by an airport. However, if you fly into Frankfurt, Nuremberg or Munich, the Deutsche Bahn can get you anywhere that's worth going. Get on an ICE train, which will take you an hour until you reach the Wuerzburger Hauptbahnhof, from Munich you will drive about 3 hours.

    Würzburg can be reached directly from most any train in western Germany. To get there from Berlin will require a change. This will usually occur in Göttingen. Würzburg has an excellent connection to the German \\"Autobahn\\" (highway)-system. A3 (highway 3) from Cologne via Frankfurt and Nuremberg to Austria passes the city as well as A7 (highway 7) from Hannover via Göttingen to Ulm. In addition there is A81 to Stuttgart Würzburg has a good public transport system with trams and buses. Public transportation maps and timetables can be found from VVM-Info.

    Tickets are available from any ticket machine or from the bus driver. You cannot buy ticket onboard a tram, if you want to take a tram you will have to purchase a ticket from the ticket machine at the tram stop. In many cases it might be a good deal to buy a day pass, which is cheaper than several single tickets. Families can buy a family day pass, which is valid for two adults and up to four children under 15. All tickets are valid on trams, buses and regional trains within the respective range of the ticket. If you want to buy a ticket for the city of Würzburg you have to select \\"Großwabe\\" on the ticket machine. Tip: The Bayern Ticket is also valid on all trams and buses in Würzburg.

    The bus route 9 runs from the Residence via the city center (Juliuspromenade) to the Marienberg Festung, connecting two major sights of the city. The bus operates in the spring and summer time (approx. April-October) and there is a bus every 45-60 minutes until late afternoon. Entrance is 7.50 (6.50 reduced) 9am - 6 pm Summer 10am-4.30pm winter

    There are several old, beauiful churches in town to visit and marvel at, cafes, shops and eating establishments to spend time in as well as taking in a guided tour of the city.

    Würzburger Weinfest, one of the bigger wine fairs. But nearly every winegrowing village in Lower Franconia has its own wine fair, so you can visit at least one if you visit Würzburg in summer or fall months.

    Germany may be world renowned for its beer, but its wine is its hidden treasure. Franconian wine is amongst the best in the country and Wuerzburg has been growing grapes since its first contact with the Romans. Be sure to pick up a memory that will last by picking up a bottle of wine. Franconian wine is often sold in special bottles named \\"Bocksbeutel\\". Normally having 3/4 litres there also exist smaller ones with 3/8 litres. These bottles look small and fat. If you do not know much about wine, buy it directly from the winegrowers or from small shops which sell only wine. They do know... The Würzburger Residence has a winery in the basement and just across the road is a wine shope with excellent wines at very reasonable prices.

    There are some great restaurants in Würzburg, catering for all spectrums. At the highest end is the Schloss Steinburg. Situated a few kilometres north west from the centre of town, it is perched above a vineyard overlooking the river Main, the town, and with great views across to the Marienberg. Prices are naturally at the high end, but for fabulous food, great views, and an unforgettable ambiance - this is the place. Great restaurants in the town centre include the Altemainmuehle, the Burgerspital, the Juliuspital and Stachel. All serve excellent food in rustic settings with by no means unreasonable prices. Service is great and you can be guaranteed a great meal. Only decent Mexican food is at Joe's and Enchilada. The local brewery, Würzburger Hofbraeu, brews excellent wheat beer (Weissbier), which carries the name of a 1600s bishop of Würzburg, Julius Echter. Basically this beer is served for you in almost all the local bars, if you order a hefe.

    It musn't be forgetten that Würzburg is a student town, so local establishments cater accordingly. These tend to be situated in the southern sector of the town on Sanderstrasse. Recommended are Unicafe (on the corner of Neubaukirche and Sanderstrasse), Cafe Muck and Cafe Kult( both Sanderstrasse). Here you can expect a good honest meal at very reasonable prices in a freindly atmosphere. Takeaways include Tigris, Pinar as well as other Indian and Chinese establishments. Best Doner in town is at the West end of the AlteMainbrucke, it is called MC' Doner. Fresh pitas regularly.

    Würzburg resides in the middle of Franconian wineland and Frankenwein is served in many places. You can recognize the peculiar shaped bottle, Bocksbeutel, easily.

  5. Trier - Wikitravel

    wikitravel.org/en/Trier

    May 24, 2019 · The Liebfrauenkirche is one of the earliest Gothic buildings in Germany. Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Trier one of the most important archeological museums in Germany; Open air museum Roscheider Hof an ethnological museum of the Saar-Mosel-region. About 5 km south from the city center. Do [add listing] Learn

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  6. Travellers' Guide To Germany - Wiki Travel Guide ...

    www.travellerspoint.com/guide/Germany

    The imperialism of Germany within and outside of Europe caused great concerns by many of the other major powers in Europe, which led to an isolation of Germany, which only has a close ally in the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. This tension between the great powers was the cause of the start of World War I, which was triggered by the assasination of ...

  7. Dresden – Travel guide at Wikivoyage

    en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Dresden

    One of Germany's biggest expositions of contemporary art, the Ostrale was begun in 2007 on the Ostragehege, a former abattoir. The area is located on a peninsula created by the river Elbe, and is in the heart of the former world heritage site.

  8. Hamburg – Travel guide at Wikivoyage

    en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Hamburg

    Helgoland — Germany's most off-shore North Sea island. Reachable by express ferry from St. Pauli Landungsbrücken. Itzehoe; Kiel — Kiel's main tourist attraction is the "Kieler Woche" (Kiel Week) at the end of June, the largest sailing event of the world and one of Germany's largest festivals. Kiel is also notable as one of the most ...

  9. Open source travel guide featuring up-to-date information on attractions hotels restaurants travel tips and more. Free and reliable advice written by Wikitravellers from around the globe.

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