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  1. Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (/ v ʊ n t /; German: ; 16 August 1832 – 31 August 1920) was a German physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founders of modern psychology.

    Wilhelm Wundt - Wikipedia
  2. Wilhelm Wundt - Wikipedia

    Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (/ v ʊ n t /; German: ; 16 August 1832 – 31 August 1920) was a German physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founders of modern psychology.

    • Wundt’s contribution to the development of Psychology
    • The Founding Father of Modern Psychology
    • Father of Experimental Psychology
    • Wilhelm Wundt: The Father of Psychology
  3. Wilhelm Wundt | German physiologist and psychologist | Britannica

    Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist and psychologist who is generally acknowledged as the founder of experimental psychology. Wundt earned a medical degree at the University of Heidelberg in 1856. After studying briefly with Johannes Müller, he was appointed lecturer in physiology at the University

    • Biographical Timeline
    • Life & Times
    • Experimental Psychology: Object and Method
    • Wundt’s “Individual Psychology”
    • The Theoretical Framework of Experimental Psychology
    • Völkerpsychologie
    • The Order of Knowledge
    • Conclusion

    1. 1832 born atNeckarau/Mannheim, August 16 2. 1845 enters BruchsalGymnasium 3. 1851–2 study ofmedicine at Tübingen 4. 1852–5 study ofmedicine at Heidelberg 5. 1853 first publication“on the sodium chloride content of urine” 6. 1855 medical assistantat a Heidelberg clinic 7. 1856 semester of studywith J. Müller and DuBois-Reymond at Berlin; 8. doctorate inmedicine at Heidelberg; habilitation as Dozent inphysiology; 9. nearly fatalillness 10. 1857–64 Privatdozentat the Physiological Institute,...

    Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt was born on August 16, 1832, in the Germantown of Neckarau, outside of Mannheim, the son of a Lutheran minister(Titchener 1921b: 161). The family moved when Wilhelm was six to thetown of Heidenheim, in central Baden (Boring 1950: 316). By allaccounts, he was a precocious, peculiar boy, schooled mainly by hisfather’s assistant, the vicar, Friedrich Müller; youngWilhelm was so attached to Müller that he moved in with him whenthe latter got a post in a neighboring villag...

    “The exact description of consciousness [Bewusstsein]is the sole aim of experimental psychology” (cited by Titchener1921b: 164). Wundt identifies “physiological” with“experimental” psychology. Thus, for Wundt, experimental psychology is the unmediated study ofconsciousness, aided by the experimental protocols of thenatural sciences. Yet this definition involves two contestableassumptions: first, that “consciousness” is susceptible toexperiment (rejected by Kant); second, that psychology, even...

    Wundt, like most early experimental psychologists, concentrated his investigations upon sensation and perception; of allpsychic phenomena, sensation is the most obviously connected to thebody and the physical world (Hearst 1979b: 33). For Wundt, sensationsand our somatic sensory apparatus are especially important for theproject of physiological psychology for the simple reason thatsensations are the “contact points” between the physicaland the psychological (PP I: 1). Sensations(Empfindungen)...

    As we have seen (Section 3.2), for Wundt the possibility of a physiological psychology (asopposed to a purely physiological inquiry into sensation, behavior,learning, etc.) depends on the possibility of self-observation.Self-observation, in turn, is of scientific use only if the sequenceof “inner” phenomena of consciousness is assumed to fallunder an independent principle of psychic causality. For if it doesnot, then these phenomena could never be more than a chaotic muddle,of which there cou...

    Whereas experimental psychology focuses in the first place on theeffects of the physical (outer) upon the psychic (inner), the willingconsciousness is characterized by intervening in the external world,that is, by expressing the internal (PP I:2). This latter feature of consciousness lies beyond the scope ofexperiment, because the origins of conscious expression cannot becontrolled. Moreover, psychological development is obviously notdetermined merely by sensation, but also by the meaningful...

    As we have seen, Wundt was concerned not only with expanding the setof known psychological facts, but also with interpreting them withinan appropriate explanatory framework. Of course, the necessity ofestablishing such a closed framework distinct from physiology amountedto distinguishing psychological causality from physical causality ingeneral, and hence psychology from the natural sciences altogether.But psychology has to be defined against two other areas of“scientific” (wissenschaftlich)...

    Wundt’s conception of psychology was always controversial. Atleast in Germany, the struggle over the status and philosophicalmeaning of “consciousness” resulted, on the one hand, inthe exclusion of Wundtian empiricism from philosophy departments,striving to maintain their speculative purity, and, on the other, theinstitutional establishment of experimental psychology as anindependent discipline. This was not the outcome Wundt had desired. Hehad wished to reform philosophy, not as a synthetic...

  4. Profile of Wilhelm Wundt, the Father of Psychology
    • The Father of Modern Psychology
    • His Life
    • Career in Psychology
    • Influence
    • Other Thinkers Also Considered "Fathers of Psychology"

    Wilhelm Wundt is the man most commonly identified as the father of psychology.1 Why Wundt? Other people such as Hermann von Helmholtz, Gustav Fechner, and Ernst Weber were involved in early scientific psychology research, so why are they not credited as the father of psychology? Wundt is bestowed this distinction because of his formation of the world's first experimental psychology lab, which is usually noted as the official start of psychology as a separate and distinct science.1 In addition to making psychology a separate science, Wundt also had a number of students who went on to become influential psychologists themselves. Edward B. Titchener was responsible for establishing the school of thought known as structuralism, James McKeen Cattell became the first professor of psychology in the United States, and G. Stanley Hallestablished the first experimental psychology lab in the U.S.

    Wilhelm Wundt was a German psychologist who established the very first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany in 1879. This event is widely recognized as the formal establishment of psychology as a science distinct from biology and philosophy. Among his many distinctions, Wundt was the very first person to refer to himself as a psychologist. He is often associated with the school of thought known as structuralism, although it was his student Edward B. Titchener who was truly responsible for the formation of that school of psychology. Wundt also developed a research technique known as introspection, in which highly trained observers would study and report the content of their own thoughts.2

    Wilhelm Wundt graduated from the University of Heidelberg with a degree in medicine. He went on to study briefly with Johannes Muller and later with the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz. Wundt's work with these two individuals is thought to have heavily influenced his later work in experimental psychology. Wundt later wrote the Principles of Physiological Psychology (1874), which helped establish experimental procedures in psychological research. After taking a position at the University of Leipzig, Wundt founded the first experimental psychology lab in the world. Although another psychology lab already existed—William James had established a lab at Harvard a few years before—James' lab was focused on offering teaching demonstrations rather than experimentation. After studying with Wundt, G. Stanley Hall founded the first American experimental psychologylab at John Hopkins University. Wundt is often associated with the theoretical perspective known as structuralism, which involves de...

    The creation of a psychology lab established psychology as a separate field of study with its own methods and questions. Wilhelm Wundt's support of experimental psychology also set the stage for behaviorism, and many of his experimental methods are still used today. Wundt also had many students who later became prominent psychologists, including Edward Titchener, James McKeen Cattell, Charles Spearman, G. Stanley Hall, Charles Judd, and Hugo Munsterberg.

    A number of other influential thinkers can also claim to be "fathers of psychology" in some way or another. The following are just a few of these individuals who are noted in specific areas of psychology:2 1. William James: The Father of American Psychology; he helped establish psychology in the U.S., and his book, The Principles of Psychology, became an instant classic.​ 2. Sigmund Freud: The Father of Psychoanalysis; his theories and work established psychoanalysis as a major school of thought in psychology.​ 3. Hugo Münsterberg: The Father of Applied Psychology; he was an early pioneer of several applied areas including clinical, forensic, and industrial-organizational psychology.​ 4. John Bowlby: The Father of Attachment Theory; he developed the theory of attachment.​ 5. Kurt Lewin: The Father of Social Psychology; his work pioneered the use of scientific methods to study social behavior.​ 6. Edward Thorndike: The Father of Modern Educational Psychology; his research on the lea...

  5. Wilhelm Wundt opened the Institute for Experimental Psychology at the University of Leipzig in Germany in 1879. This was the first laboratory dedicated to psychology, and its opening is usually thought of as the beginning of modern psychology. Indeed, Wundt is often regarded as the father of psychology.

  6. Wilhelm Wundt - Biography, Facts and Pictures

    Wilhelm Wundt was a German physiologist and psychologist, who is widely credited as the founder of experimental psychology. Wundt is also acknowledged as one of the greatest and most influential psychologists of all time.

  7. Wilhelm Wundt was a German philosopher, physiologist, physician, and professor who is widely considered to be the “father of experimental psychology.” He played a major role in establishing psychology as a discipline that is independent of philosophy and was the first person to study the mind using the scientific method. Wundt wrote the first textbook […]

  8. Wilhelm Wundt Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

    Wilhelm Wundt was the son of Lutheran parents Maximilian Wundt and Marie Frederike, born on August 16, 1832 in Baden, Germany. His father, Maximilian, was a pastor by profession and the family shifted to the town of Heidelsheim, where Wilhelm and his three elder siblings completed their schooling.

  9. Wilhelm Wundt - Biography, Books and Theories

    Wilhelm Wundt was born on August 16, 1832 in Neckarau, Baden. Wilhelm was the fourth child of Maximilian Wundt, a Lutheran minister and Marie Frederike. At four years of age, Wilhelm moved with his family to a small town known as Heidelsheim.

  10. Wilhelm Wundt's Theory & Structuralism: Overview - Free ...

    Wilhelm Wundt is considered the founder of experimental psychology. Read more to learn about how these early experiments were conducted, the theories that developed from them, and Wundt’s legacy in contemporary psychology. Wilhelm Wundt: Historical Context Wilhelm Wundt was a psychologist, philosopher and linguist responsible for setting up the first psychology laboratory. He was active …

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