William James Sidis was an American child prodigy with exceptional mathematical and linguistic skills. He is notable for his 1920 book The Animate and the Inanimate, in which he speculates about the origin of life in the context of thermodynamics. Sidis was raised in a particular manner by his father, psychiatrist Boris Sidis, who wished his son to be gifted. Sidis first became famous for his precocity and later for his eccentricity and withdrawal from public life. Eventually, he avoided mathema
William James Sidis (1898-1944) adalah tokoh Amerika Serikat yang dikenal akan kecerdasannya yang tinggi. Menurut laporan Montour (1977), saat umurnya sekitar tiga tahun, ia sudah bisa membaca dengan lancar, dan enam bulan sesudahnya Sidis sudah bisa menggunakan pensil.
William James Sidis, nado o 1 de abril de 1898 en Nova York e finado o 17 de xullo de 1944, foi un matemático estadounidense.Tratouse dunha das persoas máis intelixentes das que se ten noticia a xulgar polo seu cociente intelectual, estimado entre 250 e 300.
William James Sidis (/ ˈ s aɪ d ɪ s /; 1 tháng 4 năm 1898 – 17 tháng 7 năm 1944) là một thần đồng người Mỹ được biết đến với khả năng toán học và ngôn ngữ đáng kinh ngạc.
William James Sidis era filho de um casal de imigrantes judeus russos radicados nos Estados Unidos. Seu pai era o doutor Boris Sidis, Ph.D., que emigrou da Ucrânia em 1887 escapando de perseguição política. Sua mãe, doutora Sarah Mandelbaum, e sua família, fugiram de pogroms por volta de 1889.
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William James Sidis, född 1 april 1898 i New York, död 17 juli 1944, var ett amerikansk underbarn med exceptionella matematiska och språkliga färdigheter.Han är känd för sin bok från 1920 The Animate and the Inanimate, där han postulerar tillvaron av mörk materia, entropi och livets ursprung i termodynamikens sammanhang.
William James Sidis (1898–1944) oli yhdysvaltalainen lapsinero ja matemaatikko, jolla väitetään olleen historian korkein älykkyysosamäärä. Hänen älykkyysosamääräkseen on arvioitu 250–300 keskihajonnalla 16. Hänen vanhempansa olivat venäjänjuutalaisia. William James Sidiksen isä oli venäläisamerikkalainen psykologi Boris Sidis.
- Publications and Subjects of Research
- Sidis in Educational Discussions
- External Links
 Parents and upbringing
William James Sidis was born to Russian-Jewish immigrants on April 1, 1898 in New York City. His father, Boris Sidis, Ph.D., M.D., had emigrated in 1887 to escape political persecution. His mother, Sarah Mandelbaum Sidis, M.D., and her family had fled the pogroms about 1889. Sarah attended Boston University and graduated from its School of Medicine in 1897. William was named after his godfather, Boris's friend and colleague, the American philosopherWilliam James. Boris earned his degrees a...
 Harvard and college life
Although the University had previously refused to let his father enroll him at age nine because he was still a child, Sidis set a record in 1909 by becoming the youngest person to enroll at Harvard College. He was 11 years old, and entered Harvard as part of a program to enroll gifted students early. The experimental group included mathematician Norbert Wiener, Richard Buckminster Fuller, and composer Roger Sessions. In early 1910, his mastery of higher mathematics was such that he lectured t...
 Teaching and further education
After a group of Harvard students threatened physical harm, his parents secured him a job at the William Marsh Rice Institute for the Advancement of Letters, Science, and Art (now Rice University) in Houston, Texas as a mathematics teaching assistant. He arrived at Rice in December 1915 at the age of 17. He was a Graduate Fellow working toward his doctorate. Sidis taught three classes: Euclidean geometry, non-Euclidean geometry, and trigonometry (he wrote a textbook for the Euclidean geometry...
Aside from mathematics, subjects on which Sidis wrote or lectured included cosmology, psychology, and Native American history. Some of his ideas concerned cosmological reversibility,"social continuity,"  and individual rights in the United States. In The Animate and the Inanimate (1925), Sidis predicted the existence of regions of space where the second law of thermodynamics operated in reverse to the temporal direction that we experience in our local area. Everything outside of what we would today call a galaxy would be such a region. Sidis claimed that the matter in this region would not generate light. (These dark areas of the universe are not properly dark matter or black holes as they are used in contemporary cosmology.) This work on cosmology, based on his theory of reversibility of the second law of thermodynamics was the only book published under his name. Sidis' The Tribes and the States (ca. 1935) employs the pseudonym "John W. Shattuck," giving a 100,000-y...
The debate about Sidis' manner of upbringing occurred within a larger discourse about the best way to educate children. Newspapers criticized the child-rearing methods of Boris Sidis. Most educators of the day believed that schools should expose children to common experiences to create good citizens, and most psychologists thought that intelligence was hereditary — a position that precluded early childhood education at home. The difficulties that Sidis and other highly gifted young students encountered in dealing with the social structure of a university setting helped shape opinion against allowing them to rapidly advance through higher education. The debate over gifted education continues today, and Sidis remains a topic of discussion. Cast in modern standards, scholars usually classify Sidis as a profoundly gifted individual, and some critics use Sidis as the most vivid example of how gifted youth do not always achieve corresponding success as adults — in either material or c...LaMay, Craig L. (2003). Journalism and the Debate Over Privacy. LEA's Communication Series. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.. ISBN 9780805846263.Wallace, Amy (1986). The prodigy: a biography of William James Sidis, America's greatest child prodigy. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co.. ISBN 0-525-24404-2.
威廉•詹姆斯•席德斯（英語： William James Sidis ，1898年4月1日－1944年7月17日），悲劇性的天才人物，一名拥有极高数学和语言天赋的美国 神童 。他父亲鲍里斯·席德斯（1867年~1923年），是乌克兰犹太移民，在哈佛大学跟从威廉·詹姆斯研究心理学及哲学，并取得 ...