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DISC is a behaviour self-assessment tool originally based on the 1928 DISC emotional and behavioural theory of psychologist William Moulton Marston, which centred on four personality traits: Dominance, Inducement, Submission, and Compliance.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DISC_assessment
DISC is a behaviour self-assessment tool originally based on the 1928 DISC emotional and behavioural theory of psychologist William Moulton Marston, which centred on four personality traits: Dominance, Inducement, Submission, and Compliance.
William Moulton Marston, Founder of DISC William Moulton Marston created the foundational theories behind DISC behavioral analysis. But that’s only part of the story. He lived from 1893 to 1947.
William Marstons Theory DiSC ® Theory - William Moulton Marston Wiley's DiSC ® products began with a theory based on the work of William Moulton Marston, a Harvard psychologist, and a contemporary of Carl Jung. The findings of his work are found in his book: "The Emotions of Normal People," published in 1928.
William Marston also incorporated in her personality the four dimensions of DISC Personality Style: Dominance, Influence, Steadiness, and Compliance. Max Gaines from DC comics and William Marston were unsure of how a female heroine would be received. At first, he wrote the comics under the pen name of Charles Moulton.
William Moulton Marston: The History of DISC | Athlete Assessments By Kate Roskvist – Athlete Assessments In the early 1920’s, an American psychologist named William Moulton Marston developed a theory to explain people’s emotional responses.
William Moulton Marston's Legacy (DISC History) William Moulton Marston's life story is an extraordinary one—filled with accomplishments which at first seem totally unrelated. He was a lawyer, a psychologist, invented the first functional lie detector polygraph, created the DISC model for emotions and behavior of normal people,
- A Brief History of The Disc Model
- The Disc Model Is Based on Normal Behaviors
- The Disc Model Is Built on Understanding Two Basic Drives
- There Are Four Basic Disc Styles Or Types
The foundation for the DISC model comes from the work of a Harvard psychologist named Dr. William Moulton Marston in the 1920’s. He developed a theory that people tend to develop a self-concept based on one of four factors — Dominance, Inducement, Steadiness, or Compliance. Marston’s theories form the basis on which DISC assessments and reports are built.
To graphically illustrate the DISC concept, we represent the range of normal human behaviors and perspectives with a circle as shown in Figure 1. When we say “normal human behaviors and perspectives,” we mean behaviors and perspectives derived from normal, healthy psychology. To effectively use the DISC model, remember that nothing in the DISC model describes or discusses any type of psychosis, mental illness, or psychological abnormality. Figure 1: The Range of Normal Behaviors
We start our description of the DISC model by defining two key motivators that tend to drive behaviors. One motivator is called the motor drive (or pace drive) and the other is called the compass drive (or priority drive).
When you combine the drawings for the Motor and Compass drives, you get the circle of normal behaviors and perspectives divided into four quadrants as shown in Figure 4. This figure, sometimes called the DISC circle, represents the full graphical description of what is commonly referred to as The DISC Model of Human Behavior. Figure 4: The DISC Model of Human Behavior Notice that each quadrant of the DISC circle has descriptive words attached to it. These descriptive words attempt to capture the typical behavior exhibited by people who have the combination of motor and compass drives that corresponds to that quadrant. These descriptive words show behavioral traits ortendencies that describe each quadrant of the circle. To make the quadrants easier to discuss, we often call each quadrant a behavioral type or style. While it is not strictly or technically accurate from a clinical psychology standpoint to use the phrase personality type with this model, the phrase is often used in norm...
- Disc Theory and William Moulton Marston
- from Theory to Assessment
- The Personal Profile System®
- DiSC® Classic to Everything DiSC®
- Newest Disc Products and Updates
The DiSC Model of Behavior was first proposed by William Moulton Marston, a physiological psychologist with a Ph.D. from Harvard. His 1928 book, Emotions of Normal People, explains his theory on how normal human emotions lead to behavioral differences among groups of people, and how a person's behavior might change over time. His work focused on directly observable and measurable psychological phenomena. He was interested in using practical explanations to help people understand and manage their experiences and relationships. Marston theorized that the behavioral expression of emotions could be categorized into four primary types, stemming from the person's perceptions of self in relationship to his or her environment. These four types were labeled by Marston as Dominance (D), Inducement (I), Submission (S), and Compliance (C).
Walter V. Clarke, an industrial psychologist, was the first person to build an assessment instrument (personality profile test) using Marston's theories, even though that was not initially his intent. In 1956 he published the Activity Vector Analysis, a checklist of adjectives on which he asked people to mark descriptors they identified as true of themselves. The tool, used by Clarke since 1948, was intended for personnel selection by businesses. The four factors in his data (aggressive, sociable, stable, and avoidant) were based on Marston's model. About 10 years later, Walter Clarke Associates developed a new version of this instrument for John Cleaver for business use. It was called Self Discription. Instead of using a checklist, this test forced respondents to make a choice between two or more terms. Factor analysis of this assessment added to the support of a DISC-based instrument.
Self Discription was used by John Geier, to create the original Personal Profile System® (PPS) in the 1970s. Through hundreds of clinical interviews, he furthered the understanding of 15 basic patterns as discovered by Clarke. Geier formed a company named Performax that was the first publisher of a DiSC assessment. Performax eventually became Inscape Publishing. Inscape Publishing improved this instrument's reliability by adding new items and removing non-functioning items. The new assessment was named the Personal Profile System 2800 Series (PPS 2800) and was first published in 1994. It was primarily used for increasing self-awareness in a setting where an individual could use the insights in their interactions with others. This self-scored and self-interpreted assessment is now known as DiSC® Classic. In 2003 Inscape took DiSC Classic a step further by launching DiSC® Classic 2.0, an online version of the paper profile that includes a richer narrative feedback.
The Everything DiSC® product family, launched by Inscape Publishing in 2007, was created to make the DiSC assessment even more valuable to its users. It introduced more highly personalized reports, customizable facilitation tools and electronic access to unlimited follow-up reports. The most visible change is to the reports: they no longer show a graph, but instead show a person's tendencies within a circle. Information is presented much more visibly, intuitively and memorably this way. This representation allows participants to quickly understand relationships in the DiSC model and recognize patterns within group dynamics. For more information see How My Graph Became a Dot - Adaptive Testing Everything DiSC Research Validation Study - Research on the Everything DiSC profiles for Management, Sales, Workplace, and Comparison Reports
Everything DiSC Productive Conflict was released in 2017 with an understanding that conflict is inevitable in the workplace. Rather than focus on a step-by-step process for conflict resolution, this profile helps learners curb destructive behaviors so that conflict can become more productive, ultimately improving workplace results and relationships. MyEverythingDisc.com is the newest tool created to make DiSC more accessible. Users can view and share their own profiles, create comparison reports, and learn more about the history behind DiSC. In a continuing effort to make DiSC a more valid and reliable instrument, all Everything DiSC assessments were updated in 2013 to a computerizedadaptive testing format. Adaptive testing showed a 35 percent improvement of reliability scale for people who respond inconsistently, a 12 percent increase in accuracy over the 79-item assessment (previously used with Everything DiSC profiles), and a 32 percent increase in accuracy over DiSC Classic. Bas...
DISC begins with a theory... Every DISC assessment is based on the research of William Moulton Marston Ph.D. (1893-1947). Marston was influenced by his contemporaries such as Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud who were focused on diseases that affected people’s behaviors.
DISC is a very popular behavior assessment tool with quite accurate results. This DISC test based on the theory of psychologist William Moulton Marston published in 1928. It suggests four main personality types: Dominance (D), Influence (I), Steadiness (S), and Conscientiousness (C).
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