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  1. e. Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, [a] KG, OM, CH, TD, DL, FRS, RA (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman, soldier and writer who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, during the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955. Apart from two years between 1922 and 1924, he was a Member ...

    • Early Life
    • Battles and Books
    • Churchill: “Crossing The Chamber”
    • Churchill and Gallipoli
    • Churchill Between The Wars
    • Churchill: The “British Bulldog”
    • The Iron Curtain

    Winston Churchill came from a long line of English aristocrat-politicians. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was descended from the First Duke of Marlborough and was himself a well-known figure in Tory politics in the 1870s and 1880s. His mother, born Jennie Jerome, was an American heiress whose father was a stock speculator and part-owner of Th...

    After he left Sandhurst, Churchill traveled all around the British Empire as a soldier and as a journalist. In 1896, he went to India; his first book, published in 1898, was an account of his experiences in India’s Northwest Frontier Province. In 1899, the London Morning Post sent him to cover the Boer War in South Africa, but he was captured by en...

    That same year, Winston Churchill joined the House of Commons as a Conservative. Four years later, he “crossed the chamber” and became a Liberal. His work on behalf of progressive social reforms such as an eight-hour workday, a government-mandated minimum wage, a state-run labor exchange for unemployed workers and a system of public health insuranc...

    In 1911, Churchill turned his attention away from domestic politics when he became the First Lord of the Admiralty (akin to the Secretary of the Navy in the U.S.). Noting that Germany was growing more and more bellicose, Churchill began to prepare Great Britain for war: He established the Royal Naval Air Service, modernized the British fleet and he...

    During the 1920s and 1930s, Churchill bounced from government job to government job, and in 1924 he rejoined the Conservatives. Especially after the Nazis came to power in 1933, Churchill spent a great deal of time warning his countrymen about the perils of German nationalism, but Britons were weary of war and reluctant to get involved in internati...

    “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat,” Churchill told the House of Commons in his first speech as prime minister. “We have before us many, many long months of struggle and of suffering. You ask, what is our policy? I can say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give...

    The now-former prime minister spent the next several years warning Britons and Americans about the dangers of Soviet expansionism. In a speech in Fulton, Missouri, in 1946, for example, Churchill declared that an anti-democratic “Iron Curtain,” “a growing challenge and peril to Christian civilization,” had descended across Europe. Churchill’s speec...

    • 21 sec
    • Military Career
    • Parliament and Cabinet
    • Wife and Children
    • First Lord of The Admiralty
    • World War I
    • After World War I
    • Painting
    • Sutherland Portrait
    • 'Wilderness Years'
    • World War II

    Churchill enjoyed a brief but eventful career in the British Army at a zenith of British military power. He joined the Fourth Queen's Own Hussars in 1895 and served in the Indian northwest frontier and the Sudan, where he saw action in the Battle of Omdurman in 1898. While in the Army, he wrote military reports for the Pioneer Mail and the Daily Te...

    In 1900, Churchill became a member of the British Parliamentin the Conservative Party for Oldham, a town in Manchester. Following his father into politics, he also followed his father's sense of independence, becoming a supporter of social reform. Unconvinced that the Conservative Party was committed to social justice, Churchill switched to the Lib...

    In 1908, Winston Churchill married Clementine Ogilvy Hozier after a short courtship. The couple had five children together: Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Marigold (who died as a toddler of tonsillitis) and Mary.

    Named First Lord of the Admiralty in 1911, Churchill helped modernize the British Navy, ordering that new warships be built with oil-fired instead of coal-fired engines. He was one of the first to promote military aircraft and set up the Royal Navy Air Service. He was so enthusiastic about aviation that he took flying lessons himself to understand ...

    Churchill remained in his post as First Lord of the Admiralty through the start of World War I, but was forced out for his part in the disastrous Battle of Gallipoli. He resigned from the government toward the end of 1915. For a brief period, Churchill rejoined the British Army, commanding a battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers on the Western Fro...

    From 1919 to 1922, Churchill served as minister of war and air and colonial secretary under Prime Minister David Lloyd George. As colonial secretary, Churchill was embroiled in another controversy when he ordered air power to be used on rebellious Kurdish tribesmen in Iraq, a British territory. At one point, he suggested that poisonous gas be used ...

    In the 1920s, after his ouster from government, Churchill took up painting. “Painting came to my rescue in a most trying time,” he later wrote. Churchill went on to create over 500 paintings, typically working en plein air, though also practicing with still lifes and portraits. He claimed that painting helped him with his powers of observation and ...

    Churchill himself was the subject of a famous - and famously controversial - portrait by renowned artist Graham Sutherland. Commissioned in 1954 by members of Parliament to mark Churchill's 80th birthday, the portrait was first unveiled in a public ceremony in WestminsterHall, where it met with considerable derision and laughter. The unflattering m...

    Through the 1930s, known as his "wilderness years," Churchill concentrated on his writing, publishing a memoir and a biography of the First Duke of Marlborough. During this time, he also began work on his celebrated A History of the English-Speaking Peoples, though it wouldn't be published for another two decades. As activists in 1930s India clamor...

    Although Churchill didn't initially see the threat posed by Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1930s, he gradually became a leading advocate for British rearmament. By 1938, as Germany began controlling its neighbors, Churchill had become a staunch critic of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement toward the Nazis. On September ...

  2. Winston Spencer-Churchill (10 October 1940 – 2 March 2010), generally known as Winston Churchill, [nb 1] was an English Conservative politician and a grandson of former British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill. During the period of his prominence as a public figure, he was normally referred to as Winston Churchill MP, in order to ...

    • Constituency established
    • Winston Spencer-Churchill, 10 October 1940, Chequers, Buckinghamshire, England
    • Constituency abolished
    • 2 March 2010 (aged 69), Belgravia, London, England
  3. Sep 02, 2016 · September 2, 2016 Here are some of the most interesting facts about the life of the former British Prime Minister Family Life Winston Churchill married Clementine Ogilvy Hozier in 1908, but before they were married he proposed to three different women when he was in his twenties–each of whom refused his proposal.

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