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  1. › wiki › Yang_Gi-takYang Gi-tak - Wikipedia

    Ugang. McCune–Reischauer. Ugang. Yang Gi-tak (April 2, 1871 – April 20, 1938) was one of the leaders of Korean independence movement who served as the 9th president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea from 1933 to 1935.

  2. Yang Gi-tak (lahir 2 April 1871 – meninggal 20 April 1938 pada umur 67 tahun) adalah salah satu pemimpin gerakan kemerdekaan Korea yang menjabat sebagai presiden ke-9 Pemerintahan Sementara Republik Korea mulai dari tahun 1933 hingga 1935. Pada tahun 1904, Yang dan seorang jurnalis Inggris Ernest Bethell pertama kali menerbitkan Daehan Maeil ...

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  5. › wiki › Kim_GuKim Gu - Wikipedia

    • Early Life
    • Leader of Donghak Movement
    • Assassination of Josuke Tsuchida
    • Jailbreak, and Educational Activities
    • Joins Korean Independence Movement
    • Provisional Government of The Republic of Korea
    • After Korean Liberation
    • Death and Legacy
    • Family
    • "My Desire"

    Kim was born in Teot-gol (텃골), Baek-un-bang (백운방), Haeju, South Hwanghae Province, Korea, the only son of the farmers Kim Soon-young (김순영) and Kwak Nack-won (곽낙원). His name at birth was Kim Changahm (김창암; 金昌巖; [kimtɕʰaŋam]). When he was nine years old, he started to study Chinese classic texts such as Zizhi Tongjian, and Great Learning at local seodangs. Kim was a descendant of Kim Suk-seung, his 31G-grandfather, the founder of the Andong Kim clan who are famous for being descendants of King Kyung Soon. Kim's 21G-grandfather Kim Sa-hyeong (김사형;金士衡) was one of the meritorious retainer at the founding of the Joseon dynasty. His 11G-grandfather Kim Dae-chung escaped to Hanyang to Haejuand later concealed his identity. Kim Ja-jeom was his 11G-Great grandfather, and Kim Dae-chung's third cousin.

    At the age of 16, Kim applied for the Gwageo (Imperial Examination) of Joseon but failed. After that, he joined the Donghak Movement, a rebellion against government and foreign oppressions in 1893 and changed his name to Kim Changsoo (김창수; 金昌洙). As the organization grew rapidly, he was appointed the district leader of Palbong (팔봉) at the age of 17 and a Donghak army regiment. Under the instruction of Donghak leader Choi Si-hyung (최시형; 崔時亨), Kim's troops stormed the Haeju fort in Hwanghae-do, but the army was eventually defeated by governmental forces. After that, he was defeated by his companion, Lee Dong-yeop (이동엽) in the turf war of Donghak's organization. Thereafter, the Royal Army's General An Tae-hun (안태훈; 安泰勳; (father of Ahn Jung-geun who would in 1909 assassinate the Japanese governor Itō Hirobumi), gave Kim's Donghak rebels a safe pass, but other government troops ignored An's safe pass and attacked them. At 20, with I-eon Kim whom he had met around Yalu River, Kim attacked...

    In February 1896, Kim stayed at an inn in Chihapo, Hwanghae Province while traveling to southern regions. There he found a Japanese man named Tsuchida Josuke (土田譲亮), who was a trader from Tsushima, Nagasaki, Japan, and killed him believing that he was a Japanese army lieutenant involved in the assassination of the queen.[note 5][note 6][note 7] In his autobiography, 'Baekbeom Ilji' (백범일지, 白凡逸志, Baekbeom Journal), Kim describes his motivation at the time as follows: The following morning, Kim attacked Tsuchida, and killed him. The "Report from acting administrator Hagihara Moriichi of Incheon Consulate on the current situation of Incheon" describes Tsuchida as a "commoner from Nagasaki Prefecture" and an "employee of a Nagasaki trader on a business trip". However, Kim argued in his autobiography that Tsuchida was concealing a sword and had identification papers that showed him to be a Japanese army lieutenant.

    Kim was tortured and sentenced to death. According to 'Baekbeom Ilji', however, many Korean people were sympathetic and admired him for his patriotism and bravery, as shown by the facts that his execution was suspended by order of Emperor Gwangmu, that Korean judicial officials behaved politely to him despite Japanese pressure to execute him promptly, and that influential Koreans at the time (including major merchants of Incheon) made efforts to rescue him by repeated petitions to Korean Justice Department Officials and by collecting money for his ransom before his scheduled execution date. In prison, Kim had a chance to read newly published textbooks about Western culture and science such as Taeseo Shinsa (태서신사; 泰西新史) and Saegye Jiji (세계지지; 世界地誌). He was deeply impressed by the strengths of the new Western science and recognized the importance of education for the Korean people. He started to teach about 100 illiterate fellow prisoners. The Korean newspaper Hwhangsung Shinbo(황성신보;...

    In 1905, the Eulsa Treaty was made between Japan and Korea, making Korea a protectorate of Japan. Kim participated in a mass protest against the treaty in Seoul and presented a memorial to Emperor Gwangmu urging him to withdraw from the treaty. In 1908, Kim joined New People's Association, a national-level underground organization established by Ahn Changhofor nonviolent Korean independence movement. In 1910, the Japanese colonial government arrested An Myung-geun (안명근; 安明根) for plotting to assassinate Governor-General Terauchi Masatake. Kim, who was a close friend of An, was suspected of being an accomplice and arrested as well. Like other jailed suspects, Kim was severely tortured, but no evidence linking him to the assassination attempt was found and he was released from prison after 3 years. This term of imprisonment left Kim with damage to cartilageand his left ear disfigured for life, due to beating by Japanese in the prison, in addition to his calves that were already permane...

    Kim exiled himself to Shanghai, China in 1919 after a nationwide non-violent resistance movement, known as the March 1st Movement, which was violently suppressed by the Japanese imperialist government. In Shanghai, Kim joined the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, which vowed to liberate Korea from Japanese occupation. After serving as the Police Minister, Kim became the president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in 1927. He was re-elected to the office many times by the Provisional Assembly. In 1931 he organized a nationalist group, the Korean Patriotic Corps. One of the members, Yun Bong-gil, ambushed and assassinated the Japanese military leadership in Shanghai on April 29, 1932. The commander of the Japanese Army and Navy died instantly. Another member, Lee Bong-chang, tried to assassinate the Japanese emperor Hirohito in Tokyo on January 8 of the same year but failed.[citation needed] After escaping to Chongqing where Chiang Kai-shek's Nation...

    Kim returned to Korea upon the Japanese surrender to the Alliesin 1945. He was known as "the Assassin" and reportedly travelled with an entourage of gunmen and concubines. In December 27 1945, the heads of state of the USA, the UK, the USSR, and China agreed to a trusteeship for newly liberated Korea. Kim was opposed to this trusteeship. The 1947 creation of The Joint Soviet-American Commission was also opposed by Kim.[citation needed] As the division of the newly independent country under the trusteeship became obvious, he led a team of former independence activists to Pyongyang to hold unification talks with Kim Il-sung, who later became the president of North Korea. Talks deteriorated rapidly after he voiced his hostility toward the growing communist presence in North Korea.[citation needed] In 1948, the inaugural National Assembly of South Korea nominated Kim as a candidate for the office of the first president of the Republic. In the election by the National Assembly, Kim was d...

    On June 26, 1949, Kim was assassinated by Lieutenant Ahn Doo-hee. Ahn burst in and shot him four times while he was at home, reading poetry. Ahn stated that he killed Kim because he saw him as an agent of the Soviet Union. On April 13, 1992, a confession by Ahn was published by Korean newspaper Dongah Ilbo. Kim Il Sung claimed in 1949 that Mr Kim Gu was "murdered by the Syngman Rhee clique". In the confession, Ahn claimed that the assassination had been ordered by Kim Chang-ryong, who served as the head of national security under the Rhee administration. Ahn was murdered by Park Gi-sheo (박기서; 朴琦緖), a follower of Kim's, in 1996. According to Bruce Cumings in his 1981 books, another possible motive for the assassination was Kim's alleged connection to the assassination of Song Jin-woo, a leader of the Korean Democratic Party (KDP) who had chosen to work closely with the American military government. In 2001, declassified documents revealed that Ahn had been working for the U.S. Counte...

    Kim's second son, Kim Shin (김신; 金信; b. 1922), was a founding member of Republic of Korea Air Force, the Chief of Korean Air Force, member of the National Assembly, and the Minister of Transportation, and later the Director of Kim Koo Museum and Library. Two great-grandsons would follow the latter's footsteps and complete their mandatory military service in the Air Force. Kim Yong-man (김용만; 金容萬; b. 1987) appointed second lieutenant of Korean Air Force, and in 2011, Kim Dong-man (김동만; 金東萬; b. 1987) was also appointed second lieutenant of Korean Air Force. Kim Dong-man is the son of Kim Shin's daughter Kim Mi and Kim Ho-yeon, former chairman of Binggrae Co. Ltd. and second son of Hanwha Group founder Kim Chong-hee. Kim Koo's grandson, Kim Yang (김양; 金揚; b. 1953), was appointed as the Korean Consulate General in Shanghai, China in 2005 and as the Minister of Patriots and Veteran Affairs of Korea (국가보훈처; 國家報勳處) in 2008.

    At the end of his autobiography Baekbeomilji, Kim expressed his desire with which he carried all his lifetime: 1. If God asked me what was my wish, I would reply unhesitatingly, "Korean independence." 2. If he asked me what was my second wish, I would again answer, "My country's independence." 3. If he asked me what was my third wish, I would reply in an even louder voice, "My wish is the complete independence of my country, Korea." 4. My fellow brethren. This is my only wish. I have lived seventy years of my life for this wish, am living my life for this wish, and will live my life only to fulfill this wish. 1. ...Recently, some of our brothers have said that they wanted our nation to be a part of a federation of another country. I don't believe this, and if there is really someone who does, I can only say that he is crazy and has lost his mind. 2. I've studied the ideas of Confucius, Buddha, and Jesus; I respect them as saints, but even if there's a heaven made by them, it's not a...

  6. Yi Dongnyeong (also spelled Yi Dong-nyung) was a Korean independence activist.He served as the fourth (1926), seventh (1927–1930), eighth (1930–1933), tenth (1935–1939), and eleventh (1939–1940) President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in exile in Shanghai, China.

  7. In this Korean name, the family name is Yi. Yi Sang-ryong (November 24, 1859 – June 15, 1932) was a Korean Liberation activist, serving as the third president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea from 1925 to 1926. Yi Sang-ryong, along with Yi Si-yeong and Yi Dong-nyung, started the Military School of the New Rising ...

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