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  1. › wiki › BopomofoBopomofo - Wikipedia

    1 day ago · Bopomofo ( Chinese: 注音符號; pinyin: zhùyīnfúhào; Wade–Giles: chu⁴yin¹fu²hao⁴ ), or Mandarin Phonetic Symbols, also named Zhuyin ( Chinese: 注音; pinyin: zhùyīn ), is a Chinese transliteration system for Mandarin Chinese and other related languages and dialects. More commonly used in Taiwanese Mandarin, it may also be used ...

  2. › wiki › HindusHindus - Wikipedia

    12 hours ago · v. t. e. Hindus ( Hindustani: [ˈɦɪndu] ( listen); / ˈhɪnduːz, hɪndʊz /) are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism. [54] [55] Historically, the term has also been used as a geographical, cultural, and later religious identifier for people living in the Indian subcontinent.

    • 18,000,000–27,000,000
    • 10,000,000–18,000,000
    • 1,122,400,000
    • 28,600,000
  3. › wiki › TransgenderTransgender - Wikipedia

    12 hours ago · Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from the sex that they were assigned at birth. [1] [2] [3] Some transgender people who desire medical assistance to transition from one sex to another identify as transsexual. [4] [5] Transgender, often shortened as trans, is also an umbrella term; in addition to ...

    • Evolution of Ideological Terminology
    • Medieval Times
    • Nepali Hindu Nationalism and Practices
    • Modern Age and The Hindu Renaissance in The 19th Century
    • Shaping of Hindu Polity & Nationalism in The 20th Century
    • Independence Movement
    • Partition of India
    • Post-Independence
    • Hindutva and Hindu Rashtra
    • Hindu Rashtra Movements in Nepal

    In first half of 20th century, factions of Indian National Congress continued to remain getting identified with "Hindu politics" and ideas of a Hindu nation. The word "Hindu", throughout history, had been used as an inclusive description that lacked a definition and was used to refer to the native traditions and people of India. It was only in the ...

    Vijayanagar Empire

    Historian Baij Nath Puri writes that Vijayanagar empire (1336 - 1646) "was the result of the Hindu nationalist movement against Muslim intrusion and domination of the south".The empire also administered on the basis of Hindu dharmasastras, and Vedas were the major sources of the prevailing law.

    Maratha Empire

    Shivaji with his quests is noted to have founded a firm footing for Hindu nationalism in with the foundation of Maratha Empire. Shivaji was also an inspiration for Hindu nationalist activists such as Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar writes that Shivaji had 'electrified' minds of Hindus all over India by defeating the forces of Aurangzeb.

    Hinduisation policy of Gorkhali monarch

    Maharajadhiraja Prithvi Narayan Shah self proclaimed the newly unified Kingdom of Nepal as Asal Hindustan ("Real Land of Hindus") due to North India being ruled by the Islamic Mughal rulers. The self proclamation was done to enforce Hindu social code Dharmaśāstra over his reign and refer to his country as being inhabitable for Hindus. He also referred to the rest of Northern India as Mughlan (Country of Mughals) and called the region infiltrated by Muslim foreigners. After the Gorkhali conque...

    Many Hindu reform movements originated in the nineteenth century. These movements led to the fresh interpretations of the ancient scriptures of Upanishads and Vedanta and also emphasised on social reform. The marked feature of these movements was that they countered the notion of the superiority of Western culture during the colonial era. This led ...

    Sri Aurobindo

    Sri Aurobindo was a nationalist and one of the first to embrace the idea of complete political independence for India. He was inspired by the writings of Swami Vivekananda and the novels of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. He "based his claim for freedom for India on the inherent right to freedom, not on any charge of misgovernment or oppression". He believed that the primary requisite for national progress, national reform, is the free habit of free and healthy national thought and action and t...

    The influence of the Hindu renaissance movements was such that by the turn of the 20th century, there was a confluence of ideas of the Hindu cultural nationalism with the ideas of Indian nationalism. Both could be spoken synonymous even by tendencies that were seemingly opposed to sectarian communalism and Hindu majoritism.The Hindu renaissance mov...

    The Partition of India outraged many majority Hindu nationalist politicians and social groups. Savarkar and members of the Hindu Mahasabha were extremely critical of Mahatma Gandhi's leadership. They accused him of appeasing the Muslims. Some Hindu nationalists also blamed Gandhi for conceding Pakistan to the Muslim League via appeasement. Also, th...

    Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh

    The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, which was started in 1925, had grown by the end of British rule in India. In January 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse. Following the assassination, many prominent leaders of the RSS were arrested, and the RSS as an organisation was banned on 4 February 1948 by the then Home Minister Patel. During the court proceedings in relation to the assassination Godse began claiming that he had left the organisation in 1946.The then Indian Deputy Pr...

    Ayodhya dispute

    The Ayodhya dispute (Hindi: अयोध्या विवाद) is a political, historical and socio-religious debate in India, centred on a plot of land in the city of Ayodhya, located in Ayodhya district, Uttar Pradesh. The main issues revolve around access to a site traditionally regarded as the birthplace of the Hindu deity Rama, the history and location of the Babri Mosqueat the site, and whether a previous Hindu temple was demolished or modified to create the mosque.


    Savarkar was one of the first in the twentieth century to attempt a definitive description of the term "Hindu" in terms of what he called Hindutva meaning Hinduness. The coinage of the term "Hindutva" was an attempt by Savarkar who was an atheist and a rationalist, to de-link it from any religious connotations that had become attached to it. He defined the word Hindu as: "He who considers India as both his Fatherland and Holyland". He thus defined Hindutva ("Hindu-ness") or Hindu as different...


    Mookerjee was the founder of the Nationalist Bharatiya Jana Sangh party, the precursor of the Bharatiya Janata Party. Mookerjee was firmly against Nehru's invitation to the Pakistani PM, and their joint pact to establish minority commissions and guarantee minority rights in both countries. He wanted to hold Pakistan directly responsible for the terrible influx of millions of Hindu refugees from East Pakistan, who had left the state fearing religious suppression and violence aided by the state...


    M. S. Golwalkar, the second head of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), was to further this non-religious, territorial loyalty based definition of "Hindu" in his book Bunch of Thoughts. Hindutva and Hindu Rashtra would form the basis of Golwalkar's ideology and that of the RSS. While emphasising on religious pluralism, Golwalkar believed that Semitic monotheism and exclusivism were incompatible with and against the native Hindu culture. He wrote: He added: He further would echo the views o...

    In 2008, Nepal was declared a secular state after the Maoist led 1996-2006 Nepalese Civil War and the following 2006 Nepalese revolution led to the abolition of monarchy of Nepal. Before turning into a secular republic, Kingdom of Nepal was the world's only country to have Hinduism as its state religion. Thereafter, the Rastriya Prajatantra Party N...

  4. 1 day ago · Telugu is the 4th most spoken Indian language in India after Hindi, Bengali and Marathi. The American Community Survey has said that data for 2016 which were released in September 2017 say Telugu is the third most widely spoken Indian language in the US. Hindi tops the list followed by Gujarati, as of the 2010 census. Geographic distribution

    • Dravidian, South-CentralProto-TeluguTelugu
    • India
  5. Jun 24, 2022 · Hindi kami magkakilala, kaya dapat wala kami maging issue,” the columnist said. She then narrated how it all started. “Nagsimula lang iyan ng nag IG ako na hindi bagay sa kanya ang role sa Start Up na bagong graduate kaya hirap makakita ng trabaho dahil dapat medyo younger sana ang gumanap na star sa role.

  6. Jun 25, 2022 · The British Nationality Act 1981 establishes four distinct rights of acquisition: i. Acquisition by birth: a person with this right automatically acquires British citizenship at their birth. ii ...

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