New York City as the U.S. capital hosted several events of national scope in 1789—the first President of the United States, George Washington, was inaugurated; the first United States Congress and the Supreme Court of the United States each assembled for the first time; and the United States Bill of Rights was drafted, all at Federal Hall on Wall Street.
New York, often called New York City (NYC), is the largest city by population in the United States. It is at the southern end of the state of New York . New York's population is similar to Chicago in Illinois with over 8 million people currently living in it, and over 22 million people live in the bigger New York metropolitan area .
New York City is in the Northeastern United States, in southeastern New York State, approximately halfway between Washington, D.C. and Boston. The location at the mouth of the Hudson River , which feeds into a naturally sheltered harbor and then into the Atlantic Ocean , has helped the city grow in significance as a trading port .
By 1835, New York had surpassed Philadelphia as the largest city in the United States. New York grew as an economic center, first as a result of Alexander Hamilton 's policies and practices as the first Secretary of the Treasury.   In 1842, water was piped from a reservoir to supply the city for the first time.
New York City is composed of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. Each borough is coextensive with a respective county of New York State. The boroughs of Queens and the Bronx are also Queens County and Bronx County. The other three counties are named differently from their boroughs: Manhattan is New York County, Brooklyn is Kings County, and Staten Island is Richmond County.
New York City was home to over 8.3 million people in 2019, accounting for over 40% of the population of New York State and a slightly lower percentage of the New York metropolitan area, home to approximately 23.6 million people across parts of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. Over the last decade the city has been growing faster than the region.
New York City is located at the mouth of the Hudson River in southeastern New York state, which is in the northeastern section of the United States. What are the five boroughs of New York City? The five boroughs of New York City are Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, and Staten Island.