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  1. Beirut - Wikipedia › wiki › Beirut

    Beirut is Lebanon's seat of government and plays a central role in the Lebanese economy, with many banks and corporations based in the city. Beirut is an important seaport for the country and region, and rated a Beta + World City by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

  2. Beirut - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Beirut

    Beirut is the capital of Lebanon. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities of the world. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities of the world. It is on a hilly promontory on the eastern Mediterranean surrounded to the east by the snow-capped mountains of Lebanon.

    • 20 km² (8 sq mi)
    • Bilal Hamad
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  4. Beirut (band) - Wikipedia › wiki › Beirut_(band)

    Beirut is an American band that was originally the solo musical project of Zach Condon. Beirut's music combines elements of indie rock and world music.The band's first performance was in New York, in May 2006, to support its debut album Gulag Orkestar.

  5. Beirut (film) - Wikipedia › wiki › Beirut_(film)
    • Overview
    • Plot
    • Production
    • Release
    • Reception

    Beirut, also known as The Negotiator in the United Kingdom, is a 2018 American political thriller film directed by Brad Anderson and written by Tony Gilroy. Set in 1982 during the Lebanese Civil War, the film stars Jon Hamm as a former U.S. diplomat who returns to service in Beirut in order to save a colleague from the group responsible for the death of his family. Rosamund Pike, Dean Norris, Shea Whigham, Larry Pine and Mark Pellegrino also star. Principal photography began in Morocco in June 2

    In 1972, Mason Skiles is a U.S. diplomat in Lebanon living in Beirut with his Lebanese wife, Nadia. They have recently begun caring for Karim, a 13-year-old Palestinian boy who claims he is without a family. While hosting a party, Skiles is confronted by his friend, CIA officer Cal Riley, who wishes to question Karim, whose brother Rafid Abu Rajal has been linked to the 1972 Munich massacre. The party is attacked by Karim's brother, Rafid, who abducts Karim; in the ensuing gunfight, Nadia is kil

    The screenplay for the film, originally titled High Wire Act, was written by Tony Gilroy in 1991. In May 2015, Deadline Hollywood reported that High Wire Act would be directed by Brad Anderson and that Jon Hamm had signed on to star. In July 2015, Rosamund Pike joined the cast. In May 2016, ShivHans Pictures came on board to produce and finance the film. Dean Norris, Shea Whigham, Larry Pine and Mark Pellegrino joined the cast. Filming began in Tangier, Morocco in June 2016.

    Bleecker Street acquired the U.S. distribution rights to High Wire Act in July 2017. In January 2018 the film, which had been retitled Beirut, premiered at the 2018 Sundance Film Festival. It was theatrically released in the United States on April 11, 2018.

    By its June 14, 2018, closing Beirut had grossed $5,019,226 in the United States and Canada, and $2,490,210 in other territories, for a total worldwide gross of $7,509,436. Playing in 755 theaters, the film made $1,734,497 in its opening weekend, finishing 13th at the box office.

    On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 82% based on 132 reviews, and an average rating of 6.70/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Beirut tells a complex, tightly plotted tale of international intrigue, further elevated by stro

    The film's trailer received criticism from social media users for dehumanizing Arabs and Muslims, having a white savior narrative, ignoring political complexities of the Lebanese Civil War, and failing to show Lebanese people as fully formed characters. The trailer's closing tagl

  6. Beirut - Wikipedia › wiki › Beirut,_Lebanon

    Beirut (Arabic: بيروت ‎, Bayrūt) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Lebanon wi a population rangin frae some 1 million tae ower 2 million as o 2007. Locatit on a peninsulae at the midpoint o Lebanon's coastline wi the Mediterranean sea , it serves as the kintra's lairgest an main seaport, an an' a' forms the Beirut Metropolitan Aurie, which consists o the ceety an its suburbs.

  7. 2020 Beirut explosion - Wikipedia › wiki › 2020_Beirut_explosion

    According to Lloyd's List, the Beirut port authority seized the ship on 4 February 2014, due to US$100,000 in unpaid bills. The ship had accrued port fees and been fined for refusing cargo. [29] [22] Lawyers argued for the crew's repatriation on compassionate grounds, because of the danger posed by the cargo still aboard the ship, and an Urgent ...

    • 4 August 2020
    • 18:08:18 EEST (15:08:18 UTC)
  8. Beirut I - Wikipedia › wiki › Beirut_I

    Beirut I (Arabic: دائرة بيروت الأولى ‎) is an electoral district in Lebanon, as per the 2017 vote law. The district elects 8 members of the Lebanese National Assembly - 3 Armenian Orthodox , 1 Armenian Catholic , 1 Greek Catholic , 1 Greek Orthodox , 1 Maronite and 1 Minorities .

    • 2017
    • Beirut
  9. Beirut - Wikipedia › wiki › Beirut

    Beirut. Ibat king Wikipedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Ing artikulung iti tungkul ya keng lakanbalen o ciudad king Lebanon. Para kareng aliwang kabaldugan na niti, Beirut (disambiguation). Para lakanbalen king Bavaria, lon me ing Bayreuth. Coordinates: 33°53′13″N 35°30′47″E. /  33.88694, 35.51306.

    • Abdel Mounim Ariss
    • 32.82 sq mi (85 km²)
    • ~ 2 600 000
    • +2 (UTC)
  10. 1983 Beirut barracks bombings - Wikipedia › wiki › 1983_Beirut_barracks_bombings
    • Beirut: June 1982 to October 1983
    • Bombings: Sunday, October 23, 1983
    • Rescue and Recovery Operations: October 23 to 28, 1983
    • Victims
    • American and French Response
    • Aftermath
    • Memorials and Remembrance
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links


    1. 6 June 1982 – Israelundertook military action in Southern Lebanon: Operation "Peace for Galilee." 2. 23 August 1982 – Bachir Gemayelwas elected to be Lebanon's president. 3. 25 August 1982– A MNF of approximately 400 French, 800 Italian soldiers and 800 Marines of the 32d Marine Amphibious Unit (MAU) were deployed in Beirut as part of a peacekeeping force to oversee the evacuation of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) guerrillas. 4. 10 September 1982– The PLO retreats from Beirut unde...


    On June 6, 1982, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) initiated Operation "Peace for Galilee" and invaded Lebanon in order to create a 40 km buffer zone between the PLO and Syrian forces in Lebanon and Israel. The Israeli invasion was tacitly approved by the U.S., and the U.S. provided overt military support to Israel in the form of arms and materiel. The U.S.' support for Israel's invasion of Lebanon taken in conjunction with U.S. support for Lebanese President Bachir Gemayel and the Lebanese Arm...

    At around 06:22, a 19-ton yellow Mercedes-Benz stake-bed truck drove to the Beirut International Airport. The 1st Battalion 8th Marines (BLT), commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Larry Gerlach, was a subordinate element of the 24th MAU. The truck was not the water truck they had been expecting. Instead, it was a hijacked truck carrying explosives. The driver turned his truck onto an access road leading to the compound. He drove into and circled the parking lot, and then he accelerated to crash through a 5-foot-high barrier of concertina wire separating the parking lot from the building. The wire popped "like somebody walking on twigs." The truck then passed between two sentry posts and through an open vehicle gate in the perimeter chain-link fence, crashed through a guard shack in front of the building and smashed into the lobby of the building serving as the barracks for the 1st Battalion 8th Marines (BLT). The sentries at the gate were operating under rules of engagement which made it...


    Organized rescue efforts began immediately – within three minutes of the bombing – and continued for days. Unit maintenance personnel were not billeted in the BLT building, and they rounded up pry bars, torches, jacks and other equipment from unit vehicles and maintenance shops and began rescue operations. Meanwhile, combat engineers and truck drivers began using their organic assets, i.e., trucks and engineering equipment, to help with the rescue operations. 24th MAU medical personnel, Navy...


    "The explosion at the French barracks blew the whole building off its foundations and threw it about 6 meters (20 feet) westward, while breaking the windows of almost every apartment house in the neighborhood .... Grim-faced French paratroopers and Lebanese civil-defense workers aided by bulldozers also worked under spotlights through the night at the French barracks, trying to pull apart the eight stories of 90 centimeter (3 foot) thick cement that had fallen on top of one another and to rea...

    The explosions resulted in 346 casualties, of which 234 (68%) were killed immediately, with head injuries, thoracic injuriesand burns accounting for a large number of deaths. The New York Times printed a list of the identified casualties on October 26, 1983.Another list of those who survived the incident was published by the Department of Defense. The information had to be re-printed, as individuals were misidentified, and family members were told incorrect statuses of their loved ones. Twenty-one U.S. peacekeepers who lost their lives in the bombing were buried in Section 59 at Arlington National Cemetery, near one of the memorials to all the victims.

    U.S. President Ronald Reagan called the attack a "despicable act" and pledged to keep a military force in Lebanon. U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger, who had privately advised the administration against stationing U.S. Marines in Lebanon, said there would be no change in the U.S.'s Lebanon policy. French President François Mitterrand and other French dignitaries visited both the French and American bomb sites to offer their personal condolences on Monday, October 24, 1983. It was not an official visit, and President Mitterrand only stayed for a few hours, but he did declare "We will stay." During his visit, President Mitterrand visited each of the scores of American caskets and made the sign of the cross as his mark of respectful observance for each of the fallen peacekeepers. U.S. Vice President George H. W. Bush arrived and made a tour of the destroyed BLT barracks on Wednesday, October 26, 1983. Vice President Bush toured the site and said the U.S. "would not be cowed by t...

    Search for perpetrators

    At the time of the bombing, an obscure group called the "Islamic Jihad" claimed responsibility for the attack. There were many in the U.S. government, such as Vice President Bush, Secretary of State George Shultz, and National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane (who was formerly Reagan's Mideast envoy), who believed Iran and/or Syria were/was responsible for the bombings. After some years of investigation, the U.S. government now believes that elements of what would eventually become Hezbollah...

    Alleged retaliation

    On March 8, 1985, a truck bomb blew up in Beirut killing more than 80 people and injuring more than 200. The bomb detonated near the apartment block of Sheikh Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, a Shia cleric thought by many to be the spiritual leader of Hezbollah. Although the U.S. did not engage in any direct military retaliation to the attack on the Beirut barracks, the 1985 bombing was widely believed by Fadlallah and his supporters to be the work of the United States; Sheikh Fadlallah stating th...

    Lessons learned

    Shortly after the barracks bombing, President Ronald Reagan appointed a military fact-finding committee headed by retired Admiral Robert L. J. Long to investigate the bombing. The commission's report found senior military officials responsible for security lapses and blamed the military chain of command for the disaster. It suggested that there might have been many fewer deaths if the barracks guards had carried loaded weapons and a barrier more substantial than the barbed wire the bomber dro...

    A Beirut Memorial has been established at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, and has been used as the site of annual memorial services for the victims of the attack. A Beirut Memorial Room at the USO in Jacksonville, North Carolinahas also been created. The Armed Forces Chaplaincy Center, the site of Chaplain Corps training for the U.S. Army, Navy, and Air Force at Fort Jackson, Columbia, South Carolina, includes the partially destroyed sign from the Beirut barracks chapel as a memorial to those who died in the attack. According to Rabbi Arnold Resnicoff, one of the navy chaplains present during the attack, "Amidst the rubble, we found the plywood board which we had made for our "Peace-keeping Chapel." The Chaplain Corps Seal had been hand-painted, with the words "Peace-keeping" above it, and "Chapel" beneath. Now "Peace-keeping" was legible, but the bottom of the plaque was destroyed, with only a few burned and splintered pieces of wood remaining. The idea of peace – above; the realit...

    Dolphin, Glenn E. (2005). 24 MAU 1983: A Marine Looks Back at the Peacekeeping Mission to Beirut, Lebanon. Publish America. ISBN 978-1413785012.
    Frank, Benis M. (1987). U.S. Marines in Lebanon, 1982–1984. U.S. Marine Corps. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
    Petit, Michael (1986). Peacekeepers at War: A Marine's Account of the Beirut Catastrophe. Faber & Faber. ISBN 978-0571125456.
    Pivetta, Patrice (2014). Beyrouth 1983, la 3e compagnie du 1er RCP dans l'attentat du Drakkar. Militaria Magazine 342, January 2014, pp. 34–45. (in French).
    President Reagan reads Chaplain Arnold Resnicoff's first-hand account of bombing: Text Version; Video Version; Text of original report,[dead link]
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