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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Black_peopleBlack people - Wikipedia

    Black people is a racialized classification of people, usually a political and skin color-based category for specific populations with a mid to dark brown complexion.Not all people considered "black" have dark skin; in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification in the Western world, the term "black" is used to describe persons who are perceived as dark-skinned ...

    • Black Women

      Black women are women of Sub-Saharan African and...

    • Dark Skin

      Dark skin is a type of human skin color that are rich in...

    • Black People in The Americas
    • Black People in Other Countries
    • Notes

    United States

    Black people in the United States are called African Americans. Before 1860, many Africans were brought to the United States in the European slave trade by white people. Later, other Africans came out of their free will. Discrimination against African Americans is a big problem. Black Lives Matter is a movement fighting against racism. In 2010, the cities with the largest numbers of African Americans were Detroit (670,000 black inhabitants) and Memphis (607,000 black inhabitants). In 2008, Ba...

    Latin America

    White men who were Spanish colonizers shipped African slaves to Latin American countries such as Colombia, Brazil, Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador, Venezuela, Cuba, Guatemala, Panama, Costa Rica, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic because of the decline of Native Americans from smallpox and disease. Native Americans were initially slaves but white Europeans turned to Africans because of the mass decline of the Native American population. Many Mestizos and Hispanics have African DNA from the...

    Caribbean

    Black slaves were shipped to various Caribbean countries such as Jamaica, Haiti, The Bahamas, Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago. Europeans, mostly the British, the Dutch and the French brought Africans to the Caribbean to work on crops like coffee, sugar, cocoa, cotton and indigo.

    Germany

    There were about 1 million black people living in Germanyin 2020.

    India and Pakistan

    In India and Pakistan there are Siddi people. Their ancestors came from East Africa.[source?]

    South Africa

    During apartheid people in South Africa were classified into four main races: Black, White, Asian (mostly Indian) and Coloured. Under apartheid black people were treated the most badly. Coloured people were treated slightly less badly. In South Africa, Chinese people who lived there during apartheid are classed as black.About 80% of people in South Africa are Black African. The income of the average white South African household is six times as much as that of the average Black South African...

    ↑ Other isolated groups in Southeast Asia sometimes grouped as black include the Austronesians and Papuans, the Andamanese islanders, the Semang people of the Malay peninsula, the Aeta people of Lu...

  2. List of Afro-Latinos. List of Akan. List of Brazilians of Black African descent. List of black Britons. List of black Canadians. List of Black Hebrew Israelites. List of Igbo. Lists of Indigenous Australians. List of Xhosa.

    • Historical Stereotypes
    • Contemporary Stereotypes
    • Media
    • See Also
    • References
    • Further Reading

    Minstrel shows portrayed and lampooned blacks in stereotypical and often disparaging ways, as ignorant, lazy, buffoonish, superstitious, joyous, and musical. Blackface was a style of theatrical makeup popular in the United States, which was used to effect the countenance of an iconic, racist American archetype: that of the "darky" or "coon" (both are racial slurs). White blackface performers used to use burnt cork and later greasepaint or shoe polish to blacken their skin and exaggerate their lips, often wearing woolly wigs, gloves, tailcoats, or ragged clothes to complete the transformation. The best-known such stock character is Jim Crow, featured in innumerable stories, minstrel shows, and early films. Many other stock characters are popularly known as well, such as Mammy and Jezebel. The stock characters are still continuously used and referenced for a number of different reasons. Many articles reference Mammy and Jezebel in television shows with black female main characters, as...

    Crack addicts and drug dealers

    Scholars agree that news-media stereotypes of people of color are pervasive.African Americans were more likely to appear as perpetrators in drug and violent crime stories in the network news. In the 1980s and the 1990s, stereotypes of black men shifted and the primary and common images were of drug dealers, crack victims, the underclass and impoverished, the homeless, and subway muggers. Similarly, Douglas (1995), who looked at O. J. Simpson, Louis Farrakhan, and the Million Man March, found...

    Watermelon and fried chicken

    There are commonly-held stereotypes that African Americans have an unorthodox appetite for watermelons and love fried chicken. Race and folklore professor Claire Schmidt attributes the latter both to its popularity in Southern cuisine and to a scene from the film Birth of a Nationin which a rowdy African-American man is seen eating fried chicken in a legislative hall.

    Welfare queen

    The long-lived stereotype depicts an African-American woman who defrauds the public welfaresystem for a life of idle luxury. Studies show its roots in both race and gender. Franklin Gilliam, the author of a public perception experiment on welfare, concludes: Studies show that the public dramatically overestimates the number of African Americans who live below the poverty line (less than a quarter, compared with the national averagearound 15%), a misperception attributed to media portrayals.

    Early stereotypes

    Early minstrel shows of the mid-19th century lampooned the supposed stupidity of black people.[citation needed] Even after slavery ended, the intellectual capacity of black people was still frequently questioned. Movies such as Birth of a Nation(1915) questioned whether black people were fit to run for governmental offices or to vote. Some critics have considered Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn as racist because of its depiction of the slave Jimand other black characters. Some sch...

    Film and television

    The political activist and one-time presidential candidate Jesse Jackson said in 1985 that the news media portrayed black people as "less intelligent than we are." Former Army Secretary Clifford Alexander, testifying before the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee in 1991, said, "You see us as less than you are. You think that we are not as smart, not as energetic, not as well suited to supervise you as you are to supervise us.... These are the ways you perceive us, and your pe...

    Fashion

    In print, black people are portrayed as overtly aggressive. In a study of fashion magazine photographs, Millard and Grant found that black models are often depicted as more aggressive and sociable but less intelligent and achievement-oriented.

    Bibliography

    1. Collins, Patricia (1990). Black Feminist Thought. Hyman. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-415-96472-2. 2. West, Carolyn (2008). "Mammy, Jezebel, Sapphire, and Their Homegirls: Developing an 'Oppositional Gaze' Towards the Images of Black Women". Lectures on the Psychology of Women(4). 3. White, Deborah Gray (1999). Ar'n't I a Woman. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-31481-6.

    Amoah, J. D. (1997). "Back on the auction block: A discussion of black women and pornography". National Black Law Journal. 14 (2), 204–221.
    Anderson, L. M. (1997). Mammies no more: The changing image of black women on stage and screen. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
    Bogle, Donald. (1994). Toms, coons, mulattoes, mammies, and bucks: An interpretive history of Blacks in American films(New 3rd ed.). New York, NY: Continuum.
    Jewell, K.S. (1993). From mammy to Miss America and beyond: Cultural images and the shaping of U.S. social policy. New York, NY: Routledge.
  3. Black people have been members of Mormon congregations since its foundation, [citation needed] but in 1964 its black membership was small, with about 300 to 400 black members worldwide. In 1970, the officially sanctioned black LDS support group, the Genesis Group, was formed in Salt Lake City, Utah.

  4. Black people ( Irish: daoine goirme/daoine dubha ), Africans and people of colour ( Irish: daoine de dath) have lived in Ireland in small numbers since the 18th century. Increases in immigration have led to the growth of the community across Ireland. They are mainly concentrated in the major cities and towns, especially in the Limerick, Cork ...

  5. References to black people, their social condition during the 19th and 20th centuries, and their spiritual place in Western Christianity as well as in Mormon scripture were complicated. From the beginning, black people have been members of Mormon congregations and Mormon congregations have always been interracial.

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