Colombia is one of the megadiverse countries in biodiversity, ranking first in bird species. Colombia is the country with the planet's highest biodiversity, having the highest rate of species by area as well as the largest number of endemisms (species that are not found naturally anywhere else) of any country. About 10% of the species of the Earth live in Colombia, including over 1,900 species of bird, more than in Europe and North America combined.
Colombia has 1,900 species of bird, more than any other country. There are about 2,000 species of marine fish. It is the second most diverse country in freshwater fish. As for plants, the country has between 40,000 and 45,000 species. Colombia is second in the number of amphibian species and is the third most diverse country in reptiles.
Colombia, oficialmente República de Colombia, es un país soberano situado en la región noroccidental de América del Sur. Se constituye en un Estado unitario , social y democrático de derecho cuya forma de gobierno es presidencialista con dos cámaras legislativas. [ 12 ]
The history of Colombia includes the settlements and society by indigenous peoples, most notably, the Muisca Confederation, Quimbaya Civilization, and Tairona Chiefdoms; the Spanish arrived in 1492 and initiated a period of annexation and colonization, most noteworthy being Spanish conquest; ultimately creating the Viceroyalty of New Granada, with its capital at Bogotá.
República de Colombia), é uma república constitucional do noroeste da América do Sul. A Colômbia faz fronteira a leste com a Venezuela [ 4 ] e Brasil ; [ 5 ] ao sul com o Equador e Peru ; [ 6 ] para o norte com o Mar do Caribe , ao noroeste com o Panamá ; e a oeste com o Oceano Pacífico .
Demographics of Colombia. Spanish, Quimbaya, Chibchas other indigenous languages. This is a demography of the population of Colombia including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. It is the second-most populous country in South ...
The city is located in the center of Colombia, on a high plateau known as the Bogotá savanna, part of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense located in the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes. Bogotá is the third-highest capital in South America and in the world after Quito and La Paz, at an average of 2,640 meters (8,660 ft) above sea level. Subdivided into 20 localities, Bogotá has an area of 1,587 square kilometers (613 square miles) and a relatively cool climate that is constant through the year.