Cymburgis of Masovia, also Zimburgis or Cimburga, a member of the Polish Piast dynasty, was Duchess of Austria from 1412 until 1424, by her marriage with the Habsburg duke Ernest the Iron. As the mother of later Emperor Frederick III, Cymburgis, after Gertrude of Hohenberg, became the second female ancestor of all later Habsburgs, as only her husband's Ernestine branch of the family survived in the male line.
Oct 18, 2020 · Cymburgis of Masovia ( German: Cimburgis von Masowien ), also Zimburgis or Cimburga ( Polish: Cymbarka mazowiecka; 1394 or 1397 – 28 September 1429), a member of the Polish Piast dynasty, was Duchess of Austria from 1412 until 1424, by her marriage with the Habsburg duke Ernest the Iron.
May 06, 2019 · Media in category "Cymburgis of Masovia". The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. 143Czimburga von Masowien.jpg 894 × 1,360; 354 KB. 900-158 Ahnentafel Herzog Ludwig.jpg 3,368 × 2,678; 3.02 MB. Austriacae gentis imaginum - Eleonora Helena van Portugal en Cymburgis van Mazovië, 1573.jpg 1,897 × 2,500; 2.09 MB.
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Cimburgia de Masovia (1394, Varsovia - 28 de setiembre de 1429, Türnitz (es)), tamién llamada Cymburgis, Zimburgis o Cimburga (polacu: Cymbarka Mazowiecka) foi una noble qu'en xineru de 1412 convertir na segunda esposa del duque Ernesto'l Ferrial d'Austria (archiduque dempués de 1414) y que polo tanto algamó los títulos de duquesa y archiduquesa de l'antigua Austria Interior, conformada polos ducaos d'Estiria, Carintia y Carniola, na llinia Ernestina.
Cymburgis, also Cimburgis, Zimburgis, Cimburga, or Cymbarka of the independent Duchy of Masovia (born in 1394 or 1397 in Warsaw; died on September 28, 1429 in Türnitz, Lower Austria) distantly related to Piast and Gediminaiciai dynasty, in January 1412 became the second wife of Ernest the Iron, a Duke (since 1414 Archduke) and thus a Duchess/Archduchess of Austria from of the Styrian–Inner Austrian line.
Lilienfeld Abbey. Cymburgis (also Cimburgis, Zimburgis or Cimburga) of Masovia ( Polish: ...Spouse (s)Ernest, Duke of AustriaNoble familyHouse of PiastFatherSiemowit IV, Duke of Masovia
- Bishop of Trento
- Political Independence and Cooperation with Sigismund of Luxembourg
- Dispute with The Papacy and Support to Antipope Felix V
- The Anti-Turkish Expedition. Death
Alexander arrived to the capital of his diocese on 25 June 1424; however, for unknown reasons his formal ordination as bishop took place only one year later, on 27 September 1425. As Bishop of Trento, he became the ruler of land strategically located on route in the foothills of the Alps. The bishopric was widely ambitioned by his powerful neighbors, the Habsburg rulers of Tyrol, which were formally vassals of both Trento and Venice. Besides, the choice of a bishop from a far country was a big surprise for the local people and they had to accept that their new ruler would be surrounded by Polish. The choice of Alexander as bishop probably never happened if previously his sister Cymburgis had married with the Habsburg Duke Ernest I of Austria. It is probable that the Wokabularz trydencki, the oldest preserved Latin-Polishdictionary, was made by orders of Alexander during his tenure as Bishop of Trento.
In order to maintain a relative political independence, Alexander decided to approach to the King of Germany and Hungary, Sigismund of Luxembourg, who began to politically support him. To this end, the Bishop went to Sigismund's court at Buda, from where he began tu rule his diocese. In 1431 he took part in the expedition of Sigismund to Italy in order to obtain the imperial crown. For unknown reasons, Alexander decided not being directly involved in Sigismund's coronation at Rome, but remained in Milan, where Sigismund was also crowned King of Italy. In subsequent years, Alexander was politically engaged in the struggle between the supporters of the primacy of the Pope over supporters of the primacy of the Council of Florence, definitely opting for the latter. With the help of Emperor Sigismund, in 1435 he was able to finally resolve the conflict with Tyrolean ruler Frederick IV: Alexander agreed to recognize the overlordship of Tyrol in return for which was guaranteed the territor...
Alexander's support to the Council of Florence (he even personally attended in the sessions at Basel in 1433, 1434 and 1442), brought him in December 1439 the title of Patriarch of Aquileia, while he kept the dignity of Bishop of Trento. Antipope Felix V didn't have sufficient support to implement this decision, while his opponent, Pope Eugene IV appointed to this office another candidate who actually won the power, Ludovico Trevisan. Soon after, the Council and Felix V (in order to bring the Jagiellonians and Habsburgs to their side), granted Alexander the title of Cardinal with the diocese of St. Lawrence at Damascus (12 October 1440), the Swiss Bishopric of Chur (March 1442) and finally the rectory of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna. From all this appointments, Alexander was able to really take possession only of the St. Stephen's rectory. In addition to this rich prebends, he also received from the council important diplomatic missions, but the war against Venice prevented him...
In 1442 he arrived to Vienna, where he clashed with Eugene IV's envoy, Cardinal Julian Cesarini, who tried to encourage the local ruler, King Frederick IV of Germany to join into an anti-Turkish crusade. Being appointed by Felix V as Legate to Austria, Hungary and Poland, Alexander successfully managed to convince the German King from the unreality of these ideas. The discussion was so fierce that the Piast prince even punchedCardinal Cesarini. After this, Alexander planned a trip to Hungary, where he hoped to persuade King Władysław III about the unreasonability of a war against the Turks. Unfortunately, during the preparations for the trip, he suddenly became ill and died on 2 June 1444. He was buried at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, where in the left of the Chancelin Frauenchor still remained his beautiful tombstone built into a wall.
Alexandra ( Polish: Aleksandra, Lithuanian: Aleksandra; died 20 April 1434 in Płock) was the youngest daughter of Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his second wife, Uliana of Tver. Though Alexandra's exact date of birth is not known, it is thought that she was born in the late 1360s or early 1370s.
Duchy of Masovia was a district principality and a fiefdom of the Kingdom of Poland, existing during the Middle Ages. The state was centered in Mazovia in the northeastern Kingdom of Poland, and during its existence, its capital was located in the Płock , Czersk and Warsaw .