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  1. Euskal Herria nota 1 (de forma tradicional, equivalente a Vasconia, 2 y en ocasiones interpretado también como País Vasco) 3 4 5 es el nombre en euskera del territorio europeo en el que se ha desarrollado la cultura vasca.

  2. Euskal Herri osoan dago hedatuta AEK erakundea. Helduen alfabetatze eta euskalduntze prozesuan 1965. urtetik. Erakunde honek, besteak beste, Korrika antolatu izan du 1980. urtetik aurrera, bi urtean behin, euskara sustatzeko asmoa duen eta Euskal Herri osoan zehar egiten den lasterketa herrikoia.

  3. Euskal Herria, que significa literalmente "Pueblo Vasco", es un concepto que ha evolucionado al plano antropológico y cultural para designar un territorio con rasgos culturales bien definidos (como la presencia del euskera), por encima de fronteras político-administrativas y por encima también de las diferencias históricas.

    • Etymology
    • Territory
    • Climate
    • History
    • Demographics
    • Universities
    • Politics
    • Culture
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    The name in Basque is Euskal Herria. The name is difficult to accurately translate into other languages due to the wide range of meanings of the Basque word herri. It can be translated as nation; country, land; people, population and town, village, settlement. The first part, Euskal, is the adjectival form of Euskara "the Basque language". Thus a m...

    The term Basque Country refers to a collection of regions inhabited by the Basque people, known as Euskal Herria in Basque language, and it is first attested as including seven traditional territories in Axular's literary work Gero (he goes on to suggest that Basque language is spoken "in many other places"), in the early 17th century. Some Basques...

    The Basque Country region is dominated by a warm, humid and wet oceanic climate and the coastal area is part of Green Spain and by extension it affects Bayonne and Biarritz as well. Inland areas in Navarre and the southern regions of the autonomous community are transitional with continental mediterranean climate with somewhat larger temperature sw...

    Ancient period

    According to some theories, Basques may be the least assimilated remnant of the Paleolithic inhabitants of Western Europe (specifically those of the Franco-Cantabrian region known as Azilian) to the Indo-European migrations. Basque tribes were mentioned by Greek writer Strabo and Roman writer Pliny, including the Vascones, the Aquitani, and others. There is considerable evidence to show their Basque ethnicity in Roman times in the form of place-names, Caesar's reference to their customs and p...

    Middle Ages

    In the Early Middle Ages (up to the 9th century) the territory between the Ebro and Garonne rivers was known as Vasconia, a blurred ethnic area and polity struggling to fend off the Frankish feudal authority from the north and the pressure of the Iberian Visigoths and Andalusi Cordovans from the south.: 33–40 By the turn of the millennium, a receding Carolingian royal authority and establishing feudalism left Vasconia (to become Gascony) fragmented into myriad of counties and viscounties,: 20...

    Modern period

    In Navarre, the civil wars between the Agramont and the Beaumont confederacies paved the way for the Spanish conquest of the bulk of Navarre from 1512 to 1524. The independent Navarre north of the Pyrenees was largely absorbed by France in 1620, despite the fact that King Henry III of Navarre had decreed Navarre's permanent independence from France (31 December 1596).: 30 In the decades after the Spanish annexation, the Basque Country went through increased religious, ideological and national...

    The Basque Country has a population of approximately 3 million as of early 2006. The population density, at about 140/km² (360/sq. mile) is above average for both Spain and France, but the distribution of the population is fairly unequal, concentrated around the main cities. A third of the population is concentrated in the Greater Bilbao metropolit...

    The earliest university in the Basque Country was the University of Oñati, founded in 1540 in Hernani and moved to Oñati in 1548. It lasted in various forms until 1901. In 1868, in order to fulfill the need for college graduates for the thriving industry that was flourishing in the Bilbao area, there was an unsuccessful effort to establish a Basque...

    Since the last quarter of the 20th century, there have been very different political views on the significance of the Basque Country, with some Basque nationalists aiming to create an independent state including the whole area, and Spanish nationalism denying the very existence of the Basque Country. The dynamics of controversial decisions imposed ...

    Sports

    The Basque Country has also contributed many sportsmen, primarily in football, rugby union, cycling, jai-alai and surfing. The main sport in the Basque Country, as in the rest of Spain and much of France, is football. The top teams – Athletic Bilbao, Real Sociedad, Osasuna, Eibar, Alavés, Real Unión and Barakaldo – play in the Spanish football league system. Athletic Bilbao has a policy of hiring only Basque players, which has been applied with variable flexibility. Local rivals Real Sociedad...

    Traditional Basque sports

    The Basque country sporting tradition is linked to agricultural pursuits such as mowing with a scythe, or loading carts, but adapted as competitions with points awarded for specific criteria such as time, precision, elegance and productivity. Rural Basque sports include Aizkolaritza (wood chopping), Harri-jasotzaileak (stone lifting), Idi probak (leading oxen to drag rocks) and Sokatira (tug-of-war).

    • 20,947 km² (8,088 sq mi)
    • Bilbao
  4. ♦ Hego Euskal Herria / Hegoalde (Euskal Herria ar Su, e dalc'h Spagn) Kumuniezh Emren Euskadi ( Euskal Autonomia Erkidego / Euskadi en euskareg, Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco / El Pais Vasco e spagnoleg Tri froviñs enni : ( Araba, Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa ). Kumuniezh forel Nafarroa ( Nafarroako Foru Erkidegoa, Navarra)

  5. Euskal Herria (en basco "país de luenga basca") u o País Basco comprén os siet territorios que corresponden alto u baixo a l'aria lingüistica basca en tiempos historicos. A bandera identificativa d'o pueblo basco ye a ikurriña.

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