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  1. Iceland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Iceland

    Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland; ) is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, with a population of 356,991 and an area of 103,000 km 2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over ...

  2. History of Iceland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Iceland

    The recorded history of Iceland began with the settlement by Viking explorers and the people they enslaved from the east, particularly Norway and the British Isles, in the late ninth century. Iceland was still uninhabited long after the rest of Western Europe had been settled.

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  4. Iceland - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Iceland
    • History
    • Politics
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    The first people who lived on Iceland are thought to have been Irish monks. They came to Iceland around the year 800. In the 9th century, Norsemen went to live in Iceland. The first Norseman who lived in Iceland was Flóki Vilgerðarson. He was also the one who gave Iceland its name. Ingólfur Arnarsons was the first permanent settler on the island. This chieftain from Norway went to live in South West Iceland and founded the city of Reykjavík. In 930, the Icelandic rulers wrote a constitution. They created the Althing, a kind of parliament in a place called Þingvellir. Therefore, Iceland is the oldest existing republic. In 985, Erik the Red was sent away from the island because he had killed someone. He sailed to the west and discovered Greenland. Eric's son Leif Ericson discovered America in the year 1000. He called it Vinland. The voyages of Eric, Leif and others were written down in the sagas(long stories). In 1262, Iceland became part of Norway. This lasted for 400 years. In 1662,...

    Iceland has a multi-party system. Since the 2013 election, the center-right Independence Party and Progressive Party are the biggest political parties in Iceland. Other powerful parties in Iceland include the center-left Social Democratic Alliance and Left-Green Movement. See also: List of political parties in Iceland. Iceland is a representative democracy and a parliamentary republic. Iceland has a president (Guðni Th. Jóhannesson) and a prime minister (Katrín Jakobsdóttir). The parliament, Althing, has 63 members and each member can only be in there for four years.The president is elected by Icelanders, and is in government for four years. The president can be elected an unlimited amount of times. Iceland has no standing army. The United States Air Force had a base near Reykjanesbær, but they left in 2006. Since 2008, NATOnations have occasionally had their air force patrol Iceland. This was requested by the Icelandic government.

    Fishing and fish processing is the main economic activity in Iceland.Despite effort to diversify, particularly into the travel industry, seafood exports continue to account for nearly three-quarters of merchandise exports and approximately half of all foreign exchange earnings. Geothermal Energy produces the vast majority of Electrical Power consumed on Iceland, due chiefly to the island's position atop the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and exhibits plentiful hot water reservoirs and geysers. This has the effect of drastically reducing the price of electricity in Iceland, and has attracted several energy-intensive industries. Aluminum Smelting (The reduction of Aluminum ores to Aluminum metal) is the largest energy-intensive manufacturing sector in Iceland, and the country produced over 800,000 Metric Tonnes per Year in 2013,making it the 10th largest producer of Aluminum metal worldwide.

    Iceland is very geologically active and combined with large amounts of rain and snow caused by the warm waters of the gulf stream current which flow toward it, many interesting and unusual geographic features have developed which make it different from any other island so close to the Arctic Circle. Some of these features are Iceland's numerous mountains, volcanoes, hot springs, rivers, small lakes, waterfalls, glaciers, and geysers. The word geyser is, in fact, derived from Geysir, the name of a particularly famous geyser on the southern side of the island. Glaciers cover approximately 11% of the island and the largest, Vatnajökull, is up to 1 km thick and, by far, the largest glacier in Europe. Iceland, though considered to be a European country, sits partly in North America since it straddles the Mid-Atlantic Ridge which marks the boundary between the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates. The ridge runs directly through the populated Reykjavikand Thingvellir historic areas...

    Reykjavík is the capital city of Iceland. Reykjavík is also the most important port in Iceland. Other important towns in Iceland are Akureyri, Kópavogur, Hafnarfjörður, Keflavík, Seyðisfjörður and Vestmannaeyjar.

    "Iceland". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
    Iceland at the Open Directory Project
  5. Iceland - Wikipedia

    sco.m.wikipedia.org › wiki › Iceland

    Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland) is a Nordic island kintra in the North Atlantic, wi a population o 348,580 and an aurie o 103,000 km 2 (40,000 sq mi), makkin it the maist sparsely populatit kintra in Europe.

  6. COVID-19 pandemic in Iceland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › COVID-19_pandemic_in_Iceland

    Iceland is unique in that for each identified case of COVID-19, the genome of the virus having caused the infection is sequenced; the sequencing is carried out by deCODE genetics, which has been able to confirm that the so-called "British variant" B.1.1.7 is present in the country, whereas "South African variant" B.1.351 is not; the "Brazilian ...

  7. Iceland (supermarket) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Iceland_(supermarket)
    • Overview
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    Iceland Foods Ltd is a British supermarket chain headquartered in Deeside, Wales. It has an emphasis on the sale of frozen foods, including prepared meals and vegetables. They also sell non-frozen grocery items such as produce, meat, dairy, and dry goods. The company has an approximate 2.2% share of the UK food market.

    Iceland began business in 1970, when Malcolm Walker opened the first store in Leg Street, Oswestry, Shropshire, England, with his business partner Peter Hinchcliffe. Together, they invested £60 for one month's rent at the store. The name 'Iceland' was suggested by Walker's wife Rhianydd. They were still employees of Woolworths at the time, and their employment was terminated once their employer discovered their other roles. Iceland initially specialised in loose frozen food. In 1977, they ...

    In 2006 a policy of "round sum pricing" was introduced, with many products priced in multiples of 25p. 2006 also saw a surge in home delivery promotion, which is now one of the main focuses of the company. When a customer spends £20 or more whilst shopping in store, they have the option of free same-day or next-day home delivery, choosing from available timeslots. Customers can also shop online and receive free home delivery when they spend more than £35. In October 2008, Iceland launched ...

    Iceland historically advertised with the slogan "Mums Love It", which was changed to "Are we doing a deal or are we doing a deal?" and "Feel the deal" in the early 2000s. From the mid-2000s ads featuring Kerry Katona saw a return to a slogan more traditionally associated with Iceland – "So that's why mums go to Iceland!" Katona was dropped as the face of Iceland in 2009, after a tabloid newspaper published pictures allegedly showing her taking cocaine. She was succeeded by Coleen Nolan ...

    Iceland Foods Ltd has been accused by the government of Iceland of engaging in abusive behaviour by trademarking the name of the country, and of "harass Icelandic companies and even the Icelandic tourism board" by pursuing legal action against Icelandic companies which use the na

    In November 2018, Iceland submitted a version of an animated short starring a fictional orangutan named Rang-tan to Clearcast, but the submission was denied. Iceland originally planned to utilise the short as the television advertisement that Christmas season, as an extension of

  8. Iceland in World War II - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Iceland_in_World_War_II
    • Overview
    • Background
    • Invasion
    • Life in occupied Iceland
    • Casualties
    • Aftermath and legacy

    At the beginning of World War II, Iceland was a sovereign kingdom in personal union with Denmark, with King Christian X as head of state. Iceland officially remained neutral throughout World War II. However, the British invaded Iceland on 10 May 1940. On 7 July 1941, the defence of Iceland was transferred from Britain to the United States, which was still a neutral country until five months later. On 17 June 1944, Iceland dissolved its union with Denmark and the Danish monarchy and declared itse

    The British government was alarmed by Germany's growing interest in Iceland over the course of the 1930s. The Third Reich's overtures began with friendly competition between German and Icelandic football teams. When war began, Denmark and Iceland declared neutrality and limited visits to the island by military vessels and aircraft of the belligerents.

    The British imposed strict export controls on Icelandic goods, preventing profitable shipments to Germany, as part of its naval blockade. London offered assistance to Iceland, seeking cooperation "as a belligerent and an ally", but Reykjavik declined and reaffirmed its neutrality. The German diplomatic presence in Iceland, along with the island's strategic importance, alarmed the British. After a few failed attempts at persuading the Icelandic government by diplomatic means to join the Allies an

    British troops arrived and many stayed in the city of Reykjavik, causing much social disruption among the citizens. Women and young girls were thought to have had sexual relationships with the British soldiers. Reports also showed an increase in prostitution. This interaction also caused some hostility between the soldiers and Icelandic men The large-scale interaction between young Icelandic women and soldiers came to be known as Ástandið in Icelandic. Many Icelandic women married Allied ...

    Approximately 230 Icelanders' lives were lost in World War II hostilities. Most were killed on cargo and fishing vessels sunk by German aircraft, U-boats, and mines.

    The presence of British and American troops in Iceland had a lasting impact on the country. Engineering projects, initiated by the occupying forces – especially the building of Reykjavík Airport – brought employment to many Icelanders. This was the so-called Bretavinna or “Brit labour”. Also, the Icelanders had a source of revenue by exporting fish to the United Kingdom. A number of newsreels of the period featured news from Iceland, including a visits by Lord Gort 1940 and Winston ...

  9. Reykjavík - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Reykjavík

    Iceland is one of the smallest linguistic areas in the world, with only around 330,000 inhabitants and very few speakers outside the country. The language has not changed much since the time of settlement in the 9th century and modern Icelanders can still read the original medieval texts with relative ease.

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