A unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, Serbia is a member of the UN, CoE, OSCE, PfP, BSEC, CEFTA, and is acceding to the WTO. Since 2014, the country has been negotiating its EU accession, with the aim of joining the European Union by 2025. Serbia has been formally adhering to the policy of military neutrality.
The Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Република Србија / Republika Srbija), or usually just Serbia (Serbian: Србија / Srbija), is a country in Central Europe. The capital city is Belgrade. To the north of Serbia is the country Hungary. To the east of Serbia are the countries Bulgaria and Romania.
People also ask
Is Serbia a country?
Was serbia a socialist republic?
Is serbia part of eu?
Where is serbia located?
- Location in Europe
- Politics and Governance
- Economy of Serbia
Serbia is located in Europe, at the crossroads of Southeast and Central Europe. It is situated in the southern part of the Pannonian Basin and the central Balkans. Serbia, including Kosovo, is the 22nd largest European state. Belgrade, which is Serbia's capital, is one of the largest and longest continuously inhabited cities in Southeastern Europe. Europe is the world's sixth largest continent, occupying an area of about 3,930,000 sq mi or 6.8% of the world’s total land area. Europe is composed of 50 sovereign states, the largest of which is Russia. In 2016, the continent had an estimated population of 741,447,158 and a population density of approximately 188 individuals per square mile.
Serbia is governed as a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, and its government contains three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The country adopted its current constitution in 2006, after the Montenegro independence referendum. Serbia's president can serve for a maximum of two 5-year terms. The President of Serbia is the head of state, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, influences foreign policies, and suggest a prime minister, who is then appointed by the National Assembly. The government, which is made up of cabinet ministers and the prime minister, is responsible for proposing budgets and legislation, as well as guiding international and foreign policies and executing the law. Serbia’s National Assembly is composed of 250 elected members who serve 4-year terms. The National Assembly can approve the budget, enact laws, declare wars, select and dismiss cabinet ministers and the prime minister, and schedule presidential elections.
According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Serbia had a nominal GDP of $50.651 billion in 2018. The country’s economy is dominated by the service sector, which accounts for over 67.9% of its GDP. Serbia’s currency is the Serbian dinar, and the Belgrade Stock Exchange is the country's only stock exchange. Approximately 56% of Serbian workforce is employed in the service sector, while 28.1% and 15.9% are employed in the industrial and agricultural sectors, respectively. The average monthly net salary in Serbia was about $525 as of May 2019, and the country had an unemployment rate of 12.7% in 2018. After experiencing nearly 10 years of strong economic growth, with an average growth rate of 4.45% per annum, the country entered a recession in 2009. Serbia’s economy experienced negative growth rates of -3% in 2009 and -1.8% in 2014.
- Geoffrey Migiro
The politics of Serbia are defined by a unitary parliamentary framework that is defined by the Constitution of Serbia in which the president, currently Aleksandar Vučić, is the head of state while the prime minister, currently Ana Brnabić, is the head of government.
A unitary parliamentary republic refers to a unitary state with a republican form of government in which the political power is vested in ... and after Serbia and ...
Serbia in the Yugoslav kingdom The particular form that unification took in 1918 was not part of the original war aims of any of the South Slav peoples.
- Foreign Relations
The assassination of Archduke Ferdinandby a Serb nationalist in 1914 proved to be the catalyst that began the Weltkrieg. Despite expecting an easy campaign, the Austrian forces only managed to occupy Serbia itself in late 1915, and only then due to the entrance of Bulgaria in the war. After the war, Serbia’s southern territories were handed over to Bulgaria and Kosovo was seized by Albania, whilst the remainder was kept under Austrian occupation until 1922 when the Austrians were forced to withdraw their troops due to ethnic tensions elsewhere in the Empire. Since then Serbia has struggled to survive, keeping a low profile in light of the knowledge that she could not stand up to any sort of military attack. Over time, however, the government has become increasingly anti-Austrian and jingoistic and knowing that they could not hope to defeat Austria they have instead turned their attention southwards, towards the lands occupied by Bulgaria. Several diplomatic talks have already been c...
Serbia is officially a kingdom but has been ruled by Petar Bojović as Regent since the end of the Austrian occupation in 1922. He leads an autocratic government with little room for dissident thoughts. Regent: Petar Bojović Prime Minister: Dragiša Cvetković Foreign Minister: Aleksandar Marković Finance Minister: Milan Stojadinović Minister of Security: Dragiša Cvetković Head of Military Intelligence: Božidar Purić Chief of Staff: Marko Božović Chief of Air Force: Petar Vukčević
The Serbian Army consists of five infantry divisions (three with an artillery brigade), two cavalry divisions and one specialized mountain division. The Serbian Air Force comprises one small squadron of interceptors and one small squadron of tactical bombers.
Friendly relations with Russia, Greece, Romania, and the Ottoman Empire. Unfriendly relations with Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria.
The territorial organisation of Serbia is regulated by the Law on Territorial Organization, adopted by the National Assembly on 29 December 2007. According to the Law, the territorial organization of the republic comprises municipalities and cities, the City of Belgrade with special status, and autonomous provinces.
The Socialist Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Социјалистичка Република Србија, romanized: Socijalistička Republika Srbija), previously known as the People's Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Народна Република Србија, romanized: Narodna Republika Srbija), was one of the six constituent republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.