Lebanon was home to the Phoenicians, a maritime culture that flourished for almost three thousand years (c. 3200–539 BC). In 64 BC, the Roman Empire conquered the region, and it eventually became one of the empire's leading centers of Christianity.
Lebanese Druze (Arabic: دروز لبنان , romanized: durūz...
- Michel Aoun
Michel Naim Aoun (Arabic: ميشال نعيم عون , romanized: Mīšāl...
The flag of Lebanon (Arabic: علم لبنان ) is formed of two...
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- Population by religious affiliation
- Geographical distribution of sects in Lebanon
- Religion and society
- Current political and religious issues
Lebanon is an eastern Mediterranean country that is composed of mostly Muslims and Christians. The main two religions are Islam with 61.1% of the citizens and Christianity with 33.7% of the citizens. The Druze are about 5.2% of the citizens. The country has the most religiously diverse society of all states within the Middle East, comprising 18 recognized religious sects. But outside of Lebanon, Lebanese people are mostly Christians. It is also estimated that a large proportion of its population
No official census has been taken since 1932, reflecting the political sensitivity in Lebanon over confessional balance. As a result, the religious affiliation of the Lebanese population is very difficult to establish with certainty and various sources are used to get the possible estimate of the population by religious affiliation. The following are different sources that do not pretend to be fully representative of the religious affiliation of the people of Lebanon. A 2012 study conducted by S
Lebanese Muslims are divided into many sects like Sunnis, Shias, Alawites, and Ismailis. Lebanese Sunnis are mainly residents of the major cities: west Beirut, Tripoli, and Sidon. Sunnis are also present in rural areas including Akkar, Ikleem al Kharoub, and the western Beqaa Val
Under the Lebanese political division the Druze community goes along with Lebanon's Muslim community to make 50% of the parliament, despite the Druze and Muslims having very different beliefs. Most Druze do not identify as Muslims, and they do not accept the five pillars of Islam
Lebanese Christians are divided into many groups, several types of Catholics for instance the Maronites and Greek Catholics, Greek Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Church of the East and Protestants. Lebanese Maronites are concentrated in the north Beirut, northern part of Mount Leba
Religion plays a big role in politics; some researchers describe the political system in Lebanon as "coming out of the womb of religion and politics". After the independence from France in 1943, the leaders of Lebanon agreed on the distribution of the political positions in the c
Under the terms of an agreement known as the National Pact between the various political and religious leaders of Lebanon, the president of the country must be a Maronite, the Prime Minister must be a Sunni, and the Speaker of Parliament must be a Shia. Although Lebanon is a secular country, family matters such as marriage, divorce and inheritance are still handled by the religious authorities representing a person's faith. Calls for civil marriage are unanimously rejected by the religious autho
Detail of the dome of the Khatem al-Anbiyaa Mosque in downtown Beirut
Lebanon (grape) or Catawba grape. Lebanon (painting), a 1983 painting by Nabil Kanso. Lebanon bologna, a type of lunch meat. Lebanon cedar. Lebanon Cemetery. "The Lebanon" (song), a song by The Human League from Hysteria. "Lebanon", a song by Scatman John. The Lebanon pigeon, a breed of domestic pigeon.
- Executive branch
- Judicial branch
- Political parties and elections
Lebanon is a parliamentary democratic republic within the overall framework of confessionalism, a form of consociationalism in which the highest offices are proportionately reserved for representatives from certain religious communities. The constitution of Lebanon grants the people the right to change their government. Article 7 of Lebanon's Constitution also states that all Lebanese are equal before the law, and are "equally bound by public obligations and duties without any distinction" Meani
Since the emergence of the post-1943 state and after the destruction of the Ottoman Caliphate, national policy has been determined largely by a relatively restricted group of traditional regional and sectarian leaders. The 1943 National Pact, an unwritten agreement that established the political foundations of modern Lebanon, allocated political power on an essentially confessional system based on the 1932 census. Seats in parliament were divided on a 6-to-5 ratio of Christians to Muslims, until
Lebanon operates under a strong semi-presidential system. This system is unique in that it grants the president wide unilateral discretion, does not make him accountable to Parliament, yet is elected by the Parliament. The President has the sole power to appoint the Prime Ministe
Lebanon is a civil law country. Its judicial branch is composed of: 1. Ordinary Courts: One Court of Cassation composed of nine chambers Courts of Appeal Courts of First Instance 2. Special Courts: The Constitutional Council rules on constitutionality of laws The Supreme Council hears charges against the president and prime minister as needed. A system of military courts that also has jurisdiction over civilians for the crimes of espionage, treason, and other crimes that are considered to be sec
Lebanon has numerous political parties, but they play a much less significant role in Lebanese politics than they do in most parliamentary democracies. Many of the "parties" are simply lists of candidates endorsed by a prominent national or local figure. Loose coalitions, usually organized locally, are formed for electoral purposes by negotiation among clan leaders and candidates representing various religious communities; such coalitions usually exist only for the election, and rarely form a co
Tyre juts out from the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and is located about 80 km (50 mi) south of Beirut.It originally consisted of two distinct urban centres: Tyre itself, which was on an island just offshore, and the associated settlement of Ushu on the adjacent mainland, later called Palaetyrus, meaning "Old Tyre" in Ancient Greek.
The state of Lebanon, which always avoided provoking Israel, simply abandoned southern Lebanon. Many of the people there migrated to the suburbs of Beirut, which are known as "poverty belts". The young Shi'a migrants, who had not participated in the prosperity of prewar Beirut, joined many Lebanese and some Palestinian organizations.
- 13 April 1975 – 13 October 1990, (15 years and 6 months), (Last battle ended on 6 July 1991, Syrian occupation ended on 30 April 2005)
- Taif Agreement, Christian 55:45 ascendancy replaced by 50 Christian:50 Muslim representation, Muslim prime-ministerial powers strengthened., Disarmament of all Lebanese and non-Lebanese militias (excluding Hezbollah), PLO expulsion from Lebanon, Syrian occupation of most of Lebanon until 30 April 2005, Conflict in South Lebanon, Israeli-backed Free Lebanon State (1979–1983) fails and replaced by Security Zone (referred as occupation), Emergence of Hezbollah
Lebanon was founded by George Steitz in 1740 and was originally named Steitztown.
Native tribes in the area of what is now Lebanon included the Shawnee, Susquehannock, Gawanese, Lenape, and Nanticoke peoples.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles, all of it land.
Public education is provided by the Lebanon School District and Cornwall-Lebanon School District. Private institutions include Blue Mountain Christian School, New Covenant Christian School and Lebanon Christian Academy. All three private institutions have a varsity sports department and an elementary, junior high, and senior high. Students in Lebanon School District also may attend the Lebanon County Career and Technology Center. The city is home to Harrisburg Area Community College's Lebanon Ca
Lebanon, Pennsylvania is thought to be named after the ancient Middle Eastern nation of Lebanon, however, this wasn't confirmed. Locals consistently pronounce the Pennsylvania city's name /ˈlɛbənən/ and many shorten it to two syllables—"Leb-nin" or even "Lep-nin." The latter is particularly identified with Pennsylvania Dutch heritage.
- Administrativna Podjela
Zemlja se sastoji od nekoliko regija koje se pružaju paralelno s obalom: uska obalna ravnica koja se proširuje oko gradova Tripolija, Beiruta, Sidona i Tira (Sura), zatim krško gorje Libanon po kojem je zemlja dobila ime (najviša točka Qurnat as-Sawda' 3.088 m), dolina Bekaa, te u zaleđu vapnenačko gorje Anti-Libanon(2.659 m) koje čini granicu sa Sirijom. Libanonska planina se na sjeveru i jugu proteže u brda.
Područje današnjeg Libanona imalo je burnu povijest, u starijim hrvatskim djelima često nazivano Liban. Tu su se smjenjivala babilonska, asirska, egipatska, hetitiska, perzijska, rimska i bizanstka carstva. Područje današnjeg Libanona vidjelo je i makedonska, arapska te konačno križarska osvajanja. U Libanonu ima ostataka svih tih kultura. Izvorno stanovništo današnjeg Libanona vuku korijenje od Feničana i Kaananita, što je dokazano genetskim istraživanjima.Ipak, najveći trajni utjecaj su imala arapska osvajanja, tako da u Libanonu prevladava arapska kultura.Osim toga, na području današnjeg Libanona formirala se fenička država, čija se kultura i danas djelomično održava na moderni Libanon. Upravo je fenička država ono što je povijesno i zemljopisno izdvaja Libanon od ostatka regije. Fenička država bila je sastavljena od relativno nezavisnih gradova država, slično kao i u Grčkoj, a propala je za osvajanja Aleksandra Makedonskoga. Od početka 15. stoljeća do kraja prvog svjetskog rata...
Libanon je podjeljen u 6 guvernatorata (provincija) u kojima se nalazi 25 distrikata.Predstojnik provincije je guverner (استاندار: ostāndār). 1. 1. Beirut 2. 2. Libanonska planina 3. 3. Sjeverni Libanon 4. 4. Bekaa 5. 5. Nabatea 6. 6. Južni Libanon
Libanon je vjerski i etnički jako heterogen, sastavljen od mnogih plemena, od kojih mnoga imaju svoj identitet a neka se smatraju dijelom arapske nacije, uz nekih 200-300 tisuća Armenaca. Pitanje udjela pojedinih vjera i naroda u ukupnom stanovništvu politički je osjetljivo pa službenih popisa stanovništva nije bilo od 1932. Pretpostavlja se da većinu čine Arapi muslimani, a među kršćanima najznačajniji su Maroniti, povezani s Katoličkom crkvom, ali s vlastitim patrijarhom i liturgijom. Brojni su i Druzičija je religija bliska Islamu i koji sebe smatraju Arapima.U posljednjih pola stoljeća velik broj Libanonaca, naročito kršćana, emigrirao je u zemlje Zapada.Među muslimanima, najbrojniji su Suniti i Šijiti, ali na sjeveru zemlje ima i manje poznatih vjerskih skupina. U Libanonu ima osamnaest vjerskih skupina, bez izrazite većinske skupine.
Uslužni sektor (financije i turizam) tradicionalno igra najveću ulogu u libanonskom gospodarstvu. Osim toga, Libanon proizvodi hranu, što u dolini Bekaa, što u morskom pojasu (agrumi, kaktusi, banane).Zemlja vodi politiku gospodarskog otvaranja prema inozemstvu, ali opterećuju je proračunski manjkovi, visoki vanjski dug i nezaposlenost. BDP je u 2003. bio 4.800 USDpo stanovniku mjereno PPP-om.