During the French Revolution, the proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy (French: Proclamation de l'abolition de la royauté) was a proclamation by the National Convention of France announcing that it had abolished the French monarchy on 21 September 1792.
Abolition has been carried out in various ways, including via abdication leading to the extinction of the monarchy, legislative reform, revolution, coup d'état, and decolonisation. Abolition became more frequent in the 20th century, with the number of monarchies in Europe falling from 22 to 12 between 1914 and 2015, and the number of republics ...
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The Convention's députés were instructed to put an end to the crisis that had broken out since the prevented flight to Varennes of Louis XVI (June 1791) and the bloody capture of the Tuileries (10 August 1792). Their middle class origin and their political activity meant that most of them bore no sympathy for the monarchy and the victory at the battle of Valmyon 20 September (the revolution's first military success) occurred on the same day as their meeting, thus confirming their convictions.
When the député for Paris, Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, proposed abolition he met with little resistance – at most Claude Basire, friend of Georges Jacques Danton, tried to temper the enthusiasm, recommending a discussion before any decision. However, abbé Henri Grégoire, constitutional bishopof Blois, replied strongly to any suggestion of discussion: Jean-François Ducossupported him in affirming that any discussion would be useless "after the lights spread by 10 August". This summary argument served as a debate and the decision taken was unanimous, giving birth to the First French Republic.
In the wake of the proclamation, efforts grew to eliminate the vestiges of the ancien regime. As the date of the Republic's first anniversary approached, the Convention passed a set of laws replacing many familiar ancien systems of order and measurement, including the old Christian calendar. This dramatic change was powerful encouragement to the growing wave of anti-clericalism which sought a Dechristianisation of France. The new French Republican Calendar discarded all Christian reference points and calculated time from the Republic's first full day after the monarchy – 22 September 1792, the first day of Year One.
(French) L'abolition de la royautéSource : "Journal officiel de la Convention Nationale", 1792–1793.
Monarchies in Europe and their underlying concepts, such as the Divine Right of Kings, were often criticized during the Age of Enlightenment, which notably paved the way to the French Revolution and the proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy in France.
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Proclamation of Islaz; Proclamation of Neutrality; Proclamation of Połaniec; Proclamation of Rebellion; Proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy; Proclamation of the Republic (Brazil) Proclamation to the inhabitants of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania; Proclamation to the People of South Carolina
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End of the monarchy in France Main article: Proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy Under the Legislative Assembly , which was in power before the proclamation of the First Republic, France was engaged in war with Prussia and Austria .
During the French Revolution, the proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy was a proclamation by the National Convention of France announcing that it had abolished the French monarchy on 21 September 1792.
Sep 18, 2020 · In Revolutionary France, the Legislative Assembly votes to abolish the monarchy and establish the First Republic. The measure came one year after King Louis XVI reluctantly approved a new ...
The Proclamation of the Republic (Portuguese: Proclamação da República do Brasil) was a military coup d'état that established the First Brazilian Republic on 15 November 1889. It overthrew the constitutional monarchy of the Empire of Brazil and ended the reign of Emperor Pedro II .