The Catholic Church, sometimes referred to as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2018. As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution,  it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western ...
The history of the Catholic Church is the formation, events, and transformation of the Catholic Church through time. The origin of the Catholic Church is debated. The tradition of the Catholic Church claims the Catholic Church began with Jesus Christ and his teachings (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30); the Catholic tradition considers that the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian ...
The Latin Church (Latin: Ecclesia Latina), also known as the Roman Catholic Church (Latin: Ecclesia Catholica Romana) or the Western Church (Latin: Ecclesia Occidentalis) is the largest particular church sui iuris of the Catholic Church, and employs the Latin liturgical rites.
Roman Catholic is a term sometimes used to differentiate members of the Catholic Church in full communion with the pope in Rome from other Christians who also self-identify as " Catholic ".
The American Catholic Church, or Catholic Church in the United States, is composed of ecclesiastical communities in full communion with the Holy See.With 23% of the United States population as of 2018, the Catholic Church is the country's second largest religious grouping, after Protestantism, and the country's largest church or religious denomination.
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The Catholic Church, during its long history, has on occasion been subject to criticism regarding various beliefs and practices.Within the Church, this includes differences of opinion regarding the use of Latin at Mass, and the subject of clerical celibacy.
History of the Roman Catholic Mass. The Roman Rite Mass, the predominant form of its celebration in the Catholic Church, is the focus of this article. For information on the theology of the Eucharist and on the Eucharistic liturgy of other Christian denominations, see "Mass (liturgy)", "Eucharist" and "Eucharistic theology".
In The Courage To Be Catholic: Crisis, Reform, and the Future of the Church, author George Weigel claims that it was the infidelity to orthodox Roman Catholic teaching, the "culture of dissent" of priests, women religious, bishops, theologians, catechists, Church bureaucrats, and activists who "believed that what the Church proposed as true was ...
Cardinals (Latin: Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae cardinalis, literally "cardinal of the Holy Roman Church") are the most senior members of the clergy of the Catholic Church, being second in precedence only to the Pope. They are appointed to the rank of cardinal in addition to their existing position within the Church.
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