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  1. Syria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Syria

    Syria is a unitary republic consisting of 14 governorates and is the only country that politically espouses Ba'athism.

    • Bashar al-Assad

      Bashar Hafez al-Assad (born 11 September 1965) is the 19th...

    • Talk

      Talk - Syria - Wikipedia

    • Flag

      The current flag was first adopted in 1958 to represent...

  2. Syria - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Syria
    • History
    • Geography
    • Politics and Government
    • Demographics
    • Sports
    • Related Pages

    Syria has a very long history. It was a land of Phoenicians. Later it became part of the Achaemenid Empire, Roman Empire, and then the Eastern Roman Empire. In those days people spoke the Syriac language. The city Antioch was great and one of the important cities in Christendom. The Umayyad Caliphate control of Syria in the 7th century. In this Arab Empire people began to speak the Arabic language. Today most Syrian people believe in Islam but there are still Christians too. When World War I started, the Ottoman Empire ruled Syria and many other places. When it ended, France controlled Lebanon and Syria. Britain had Iraq, Jordan and Palestine. They drew a borderbetween Iraq and Syria in 1920. France controlled Syria until 1946 when Syria became its own country. Syria was part of the United Arab Republic with Egypt in 1958-1961. Syria had some wars with Israel and some territories like the Golan Plateauwere occupied by Israel. In 2012 with the Arab Spring a bloody civil war began aga...

    Syria is between latitudes 32° and 38° N, and longitudes 35° and 43° E. It is mostly arid plateau. The area bordering the Mediterranean is fairly green. The Euphrates, Syria's most important river, crosses the country in the east. The climate in Syria is dry and hot. Winters are mild.

    Syria is a republic. The old Constitution of Syria was started on 13 March 1971. It made Syria as a secular socialist state. Islamwas the majority religion. A new constitution has been in place since 2012.

    Most people live in the Euphratesvalley and along the coastal plain, a fertile strip between the coastal mountains and the desert. Education is free from ages 6 to 12. All children this age must attend school.

    The most popular sports in Syria are football, basketball, swimming, and tennis. Damascus was home to the fifth and seventh Pan Arab Games. Many popular football teams are based in Damascus, Aleppo, Homs, and Latakia.

    • Syrian
    • Arabic
  3. History of Syria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Syria

    Syria is part of the Fertile Crescent, and since approximately 10,000 BCE it was one of the centers of Neolithic culture where agriculture and cattle breeding appeared for the first time in the world.

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  5. Syria (region) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Syria_(region)
    • Overview
    • Geography
    • Etymology
    • History

    The historic region of Syria is an area located east of the Mediterranean sea. The oldest attestation of the name Syria is from the 8th century BC in a bilingual inscription in Hieroglyphic Luwian and Phoenician. In this inscription the Luwian word Sura/i was translated to Phoenician ʔšr "Assyria." For Herodotus in the 5th century BC, Syria extended as far north as the Halys and as far south as Arabia and Egypt. For Pliny the Elder and Pomponius Mela, Syria covered the entire Fertile...

    In the most common historical sense, 'Syria' refers to the entire northern Levant, including Alexandretta and the Ancient City of Antioch or in an extended sense the entire Levant as far south as Roman Egypt, but not including Mesopotamia. The area of "Greater Syria"; also called "Natural Syria" or "Northern Land", extends roughly over the Bilad al-Sham province of the medieval Arab caliphates, encompassing the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Mesopotamia. The Muslim conquest of the Levant in t

    The oldest attestation of the name 'Syria' is from the 8th century BC in a bilingual inscription in Hieroglyphic Luwian and Phoenician. In this inscription, the Luwian word Sura/i was translated to Phoenician ʔšr "Assyria." For Herodotus in the 5th century BC, Syria ...

    Greater Syria has been widely known as Shaam. The term etymologically in Arabic means "the left-hand side" or "the north", as someone in the Hejaz facing east, oriented to the sunrise, will find the north to the left. This is contrasted with the name of Yemen, correspondingly mea

    Herodotus uses Ancient Greek: Συρία to refer to the stretch of land from the Halys river, including Cappadocia in today's Turkey to the Mount Casius, which Herodotus says is located just south of Lake Serbonis. According to Herodotus various remarks in different ...

    In Greek usage, Syria and Assyria were used almost interchangeably, but in the Roman Empire, Syria and Assyria came to be used as distinct geographical terms. "Syria" in the Roman Empire period referred to "those parts of the Empire situated between Asia Minor and Egypt", i.e. th

    In the Roman era, the term Syria is used to comprise the entire northern Levant and has an uncertain border to the northeast that Pliny the Elder describes as including, from west to east, the Kingdom of Commagene, Sophene, and Adiabene, "formerly known as Assyria". Palmyra, one

  6. Syria (region) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Region_of_Syria
    • Overview
    • Geography
    • Etymology
    • History

    The region of Syria, known in modern literature as Greater Syria, "Syria-Palestine", or the Levant, is an area in Western Asia east of the Mediterranean Sea. The region has been controlled by numerous different people, including ancient Egyptians, Canaanites, Israelites, Assyrians, Babylonians, the Achaemenid Empire, the ancient Macedonians, the Armenians, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Rashidun Caliphate, the Umayyad Caliphate, the Abbasid Caliphate, the Fatimid Caliphate, the Crus

    In the most common historical sense, 'Syria' refers to the entire northern Levant, including Alexandretta and the Ancient City of Antioch or in an extended sense the entire Levant as far south as Roman Egypt, but not including Mesopotamia. The area of "Greater Syria"; also called "Natural Syria" or "Northern Land", extends roughly over the Bilad al-Sham province of the medieval Arab caliphates, encompassing the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Mesopotamia. The Muslim conquest of the Levant in t

    The oldest attestation of the name 'Syria' is from the 8th century BC in a bilingual inscription in Hieroglyphic Luwian and Phoenician. In this inscription, the Luwian word Sura/i was translated to Phoenician ʔšr "Assyria." For Herodotus in the 5th century BC, Syria ...

    Greater Syria has been widely known as Shaam. The term etymologically in Arabic means "the left-hand side" or "the north", as someone in the Hejaz facing east, oriented to the sunrise, will find the north to the left. This is contrasted with the name of Yemen, correspondingly mea

    Herodotus uses Ancient Greek: Συρία to refer to the stretch of land from the Halys river, including Cappadocia in today's Turkey to the Mount Casius, which Herodotus says is located just south of Lake Serbonis. According to Herodotus various remarks in different ...

    In Greek usage, Syria and Assyria were used almost interchangeably, but in the Roman Empire, Syria and Assyria came to be used as distinct geographical terms. "Syria" in the Roman Empire period referred to "those parts of the Empire situated between Asia Minor and Egypt", i.e. th

    In the Roman era, the term Syria is used to comprise the entire northern Levant and has an uncertain border to the northeast that Pliny the Elder describes as including, from west to east, the Kingdom of Commagene, Sophene, and Adiabene, "formerly known as Assyria". Palmyra, one

  7. Syrian civil war - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Syrian_civil_war

    The Syrian Civil War (Arabic: الْحَرْبُ الْأَهْلِيَّةُ السُّورِيَّةُ ‎, romanized: al-ḥarb al-ʾahlīyah as-sūrīyah) is an ongoing multi-sided civil war, fought in Syria, between the Syrian Arab Republic led by Syrian president Bashar al-Assad (along with domestic and foreign allies) and various ...

    • 15 March 2011 – present, (10 years, 3 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
    • Ongoing
  8. Syria (disambiguation) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Syria_(disambiguation)

    Syria-Coele (Roman province), a province of the Byzantine Empire, transformed from former Roman Syria Bilad al-Sham , a province of the early Caliphates, corresponding to former Byzantine Syria Ottoman Syria , a geopolitical region of Levantine provinces of the Ottoman Empire

  9. Syrian civil war - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Syrian_civil_war

    The Syrian civil war, also known as the Syrian uprising ( Arabic: الثورة السورية ‎), or Syrian crisis ( Arabic: الأزمة السورية ‎), is an ongoing armed conflict in Syria. The Ba'ath government is fighting against people who want to remove this government. The conflict began on 15 March 2011, with demonstrations.

    • 15 March 2011 – present (10 years, 3 months, 1 week and 5 days)
    • Ongoing
  10. Syria - Wikipedia

    tpi.wikipedia.org › wiki › Syria

    Syria em i wanpela kantri long Esia. Kapitol long emi Damasco.Syria em i gat 17.064.854 manmeri (2014). Lukim tu

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