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    What are the 4 countries that make up Scandinavia?

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  2. An Introduction to the 5 Scandinavian Countries › countries-of-scandinavia-1434588
    • Norway. Norway is located on the Scandinavian Peninsula between the North Sea and the northern Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of 125,020 square miles (323,802 sq km) and 15,626 miles (25,148 km) of coastline.
    • Sweden. Also located on the Scandinavian Peninsula, Sweden is bordered by Norway on the west and Finland on the east. The nation, which sits along the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia, covers an area of 173,860 square miles (450,295 sq km) and has 1,999 miles (3,218 km) of coastline.
    • Denmark. Denmark borders Germany to the north and occupies the Jutland Peninsula. Its coastlines cover 4,545 miles (7,314 km) of land along the Baltic and North seas.
    • Finland. Finland lies between Sweden and Russia with Norway to its north. This country covers a total land area of 130,558 square miles (338,145 sq km) and has 776 miles (1,250 km) of coastline along the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, and the Gulf of Finland.
  3. These Are The Scandinavian Countries - Life in Norway › scandinavian-countries
    • A Quick Explanation of Northern Europe
    • Norway
    • Sweden
    • Denmark
    • The Faroe Islands
    • The Sort-Of Scandinavian Countries

    Norway and Sweden share the Scandinavian peninsula, which stretches from way north of the Arctic Circle down to the shores of the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of around 289,500 square miles. Denmark is also considered a Scandinavian country. The three countries share very similar languages and culture. At one point the three countries were also joined together in the Kalmar Union. At other points in time, Norway was ruled by Denmark and later entered a similar arrangement with Sweden. The Nordic regionis a wider term, including Finland and Iceland. Through the Nordic Union, all the Nordic countries work together on a political level, but there are more differences between the individual nations. Now, let's take a closer look at the three Scandinavian countries:

    The terrain of Norwayvaries hugely, from high mountain plateaus down to fjords that were carved out by retreating and melting glaciers. Some glacial ice still remains on higher ground. The extensive coastline runs for more than 15,000 miles (25,000 km) and is known for its countless fjords and islands. Although Norway's climateis like the rest of northern Europe quite cold and wet, it is not as cold as some expect due to the warming effect of the Gulf Stream. Norway's economyis driven by its massive petroleum, gas and energy industries, but shipping and fishing are also important. The seafood industry is responsible for the country's second biggest export category after energy. Norway's population of roughly 5.3 million enjoy one of the highest standards of living in the world thanks in parts to the wealth amassed in the government's Oil Fund. The Norwegian capital city is Oslo, home to around 600,000 people, but more than one million live in the surrounding region. The Vigeland Scu...

    Although it shares the vast peninsula with Norway, Swedenlooks and feels quite different. Mountains line the western border, but much of the rest of the country is flat and known for its huge number of lakes. Its population of almost 10 million makes it easily the biggest of the three Scandinavian countries. Much of Sweden's population lives in the southern part of the country, in or around the major cities. The country's economy is driven by manufacturing, timber and energy, but technology is playing an ever more important role. Tourism is important too, with people attracted to the country from all over the world. Agriculture and farming are only of partial importance these days. That being said, the nation does produce plenty of barley, wheat, meat and dairy products. The capital of Sweden is also the biggest cityin the entire Nordic region. Almost 1 million people live in the municipality with a further half a million in the wider urban area. Stockholm is the seat of Swedish gov...

    Last but not least, Denmarkoccupies the land known as the Jutland peninsula, immediately to the north of Germany. There are several other islands also included in Denmark. It is the only one of the Scandinavian countries not to have any land on the Scandinavian peninsula. At just 16,638 square miles (about 43,000 square km), Denmark is also the smallest of the three countries. The country is distinct from its northern neighbours as it's largely made up of low, flat plains. So much so, that the highest point in the nation is only 561 feet (171m) above sea level. This flat terrain is at least partly responsible for the boom in cycling. Copenhagen in rush hour is a sight to behold, with commuters riding bikes on a dedicated network of cycle lanes easily outnumbering people driving cars. Denmark's economy is modern with a high-tech agricultural sector and advanced manufacturing operations. It is home to world-leading companies in pharma, maritime and renewable energy, and is a net expor...

    A set of autonomous islands within the Kingdom of Denmark, the Faroe Islands are sometimes included within the definition of Scandinavia as they share currency, culture and, to a certain extent, language. Faroese is the official language while Danish is taught in schools and can be used by the Faroese government in public relations. As with the rest of the region, many people speak excellent English. A self-governing country since 1948, the Faroes have an independent trade policy and can establish trade agreements with other states, they have their own representation in the Nordic Council, and their own national football team that competes in international competitions.

    Nordic nations Finland and Iceland are sometimes included in a broader definition of Scandinavia, but this is not technically correct. The correct term for the wider region is the Nordic region. All the Nordic countries share much in common. Both Finland and Iceland use Nordic cross flagsand share a certain amount of culture and history in common with the Scandinavian countries. While not all are EU members, the group of countries cooperates through the Nordic Council. At just under 5.5 million people, Finlandhas a similar population to Norway. Capital city Helsinki is home to the 18th-century Suomenlinna sea fortress, the mega-hip Design District and fascinating range of museums. Although the country shares much with its neighbours to the west, the Finnish language is completely different. As such, most Finnish schoolchildren learn Swedish as a second language, and are also fluent in English by the time they become adults. With a population of less than half a million people, Icela...

  4. Scandinavian Countries / Which Countries are Scandinavian ... › thematic-maps › scandinavian-countries
    • Scandinavian Countries List
    • Best Scandinavian Country
    • Sweden
    • Denmark
    • Norway
    • Scandinavian Countries Flags
    • Geography of Scandinavia
    • Climate in Scandinavia
    • Working in Scandinavia

    What countries are considered Scandinavian? The answer is 3 Scandinavian countries: Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. According to some sources Finland is represented as the Scandinavian country, but Finland, Iceland, Faroe Islands, Aland Islands, and Greenland compose together the Nordic countries. So these countries are not Scandinavian countries. Norway, Sweden, and Denmark are Scandinavian countries in northern Europe. Norway, Sweden, andDenmark are the Scandinavian countriesnames accepted by all sources. While some sources consider Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Finland as Scandinavian countries, some sources consider Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and Iceland as Scandinavian countries.

    Scandinavian countriesNorway, Sweden and Denmark are the countries with the highest welfare level in the world. They are also the happiest countries in the world at the same time. World Happiness Report, published each year since 2012, lists the happiest countries in the world. The results of the analysis of the data generated by the questionnaires made with 1000 people from each country did not come out much differently in 2018 than in the past years. The high level of happiness takes into account such factors as high per capita income, the availability of social support, the long expectation of well-being, the protection of personal freedoms, the increase in charity and the absence of corruption. As a result of these surveys, the Scandinavian countries are at the top of the list this year. Here is the Scandinavian countries in the top rankings of happiness according to the survey data;

    Could it be the reason of their happiness that Switzerland is at the top of the list of countries that consume chocolate the most? The research says it’s possible. Of course, this is not the only reason for Switzerland’s happiness. Despite being the most expensive country in the world, the purchasing power of the Swiss is also high and the quality of life in the country is quite good. In Switzerland, which has the healthiest population of the world, everything you eat and drink is quite natural. No wonder that healthy, rich, fit and educated Swiss people are happy.

    Denmark, which has been in the first place for many years but has been leading the way to Norway this year, is a country that you must be there to understand the level of happiness. Still, to comment, we can link the happiness of the Danish to the social state of the country. The social state guarantees that people are good, while the Danish people find simple ways of enjoying their happiness. They spend a lot of time with family and friends, and they make out the taste of these moments.

    In the happiest countries of the world, the first place is Norway this year. This rapid rise in Norway, which ranks 4th in the past year, is due to the constant increase in the welfare of the country due to oil. But of course, the reason is not just money. Norwegians are one of the countries where liberty has reached its peak. At the same time, they have the most beautiful nature of the world. Moreover, natural beauties are always open for everyone’s use. Living with nature is another important reason for the happiness of Norwegians. The per capita national income is very high in these countries where there are not many rich mining deposits other than iron and some minerals and oil extracted from the North Sea. People have good living conditions, high standards of life and long lives. The main reasons for this are; In addition to the scarcity of people, people have to be well educated and use modern technology in every field. A considerable part of the fish that are caught abundantl...

    The flags of Scandinavian countries are similar, and many people are curious about it. Why are the flags of the Scandinavian countries similar? The whole story begins with a book published in the 1400s. The Danish Flag Dannebrog is depicted for the first time in the Gere Armorial book. This picture is the first known drawing of any Scandinavian flag. A second Danish flag dated 1514 is available. It is seen that the Nordic Cross theme dates to these days as the Christianity spreading in Scandinavia is being influenced by the flags. Up to this date, crosses in the form of Greek Cross will become Nordic Cross in the following periods. In 1397, under the Danish rule, a monarchical administration was established under the name of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland and Greenland Kalmar Union. The flag is in the form of a Nordic Cross. Today, the Viking grandchild, who shares this historical heritage, carries flags of the same form, with different colors of Scandinavian countries. You can se...

    The Scandinavian Peninsula has an area of 817,000 square kilometers. The number of people living on the peninsula is around 22.8 million. The borders of the Scandinavian Peninsula are indented and filled with fjords. On the peninsula, there are mountains not exceeding 2,500 m. There are also many lakes in the large part of the area. The most important lakes include Vänern, Mälaren, Hjälmaren, Silijan. There are many rivers, like the network of the island. The most important rivers of Scandinavia are the Lule River, the Pitea Skelleftea, the Ume River, the Dal and Klarälven rivers pouring into the Baltic Sea and the Glomma River into the North Sea. Scandinavia, isolated with Isthmus, which separates Bothnian Bay from the Baltic Sea, and spreads over an area of 1,900 km, covers an area of 817,000 square kilometers, four of which are beyond the Rise of the Arctic Circle. The width reaches 700 km between Bergen and Stockholm, but it does not exceed 50 km on the German border. The length...

    In Scandinavian countries, dominant vegetation cover forests, the distribution of forests in Norway varies according to the height of the forests in Sweden, In Denmark, forest cover has gradually disappeared as a result of the fields opened. Often, oak and hornbeam trees grow in the southern regions, northward they take their place in cones (east, white fir, and red fir in the west), followed by stunted beech, algae, and lichens.

    Living and working in one of the Scandinavian countries adorns many people’s dreams. The welfare level, income level, health, environment and quality of education of these countries are almost as enviable as other countries. Jobs in Scandinavian countriesare most concerned with Construction Energy and Environment Service for Motor Vehicles Manufacturing Finance, Insurance and Real Estate Transport, Magasinering Education and Healthcare Leasing, Real Estate, Travel and Support services. Are these countries as beautiful as they say? Let’s explain this matter to Denmark with its positive and negative aspects. So you can rate other Scandinavian countries like Denmark.

  5. Countries of Scandinavia and the Nordic Region › countries-of-scandinavia-1626694
    • What Is The Difference Between Scandinavia and Nordic Countries
    • Denmark
    • Norway
    • Sweden
    • Iceland
    • Finland

    Scandinavia historically encompassed the kingdoms of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. Formerly, Finland was part of Sweden, and Iceland had belonged to Denmark and Norway. There has been a long-standing disagreement as to whether Finland and Iceland should being considered Scandinavian countries or not. Geographically speaking, Finland and Iceland are not a part of the Scandinavian peninsula, and therefore not truly Scandinavian countries. To fix the divide, the French stepped in to diplomatically smooth out the terminology by dubbing Finland, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, Nordic countries. All of the countries, with the exception of Finland, share a common language branch—Scandinavian languages that stem from the Germanic family. What makes Finland unique is that its language aligns more with the Finn-Uralic family of languages. Finnish is more closely related to Estonian and lesser-known languages spoken around the Baltic Sea. Because of Nordic countries' location, they have r...

    The southernmost Scandinavian country, Denmark, consists of the Jutland peninsula and over 400 islands, some of which are linked to the mainland by bridges. Almost all of Denmark is low and flat, but there are many low hills as well. Windmills and traditional thatched cottages can be seen everywhere. The Faroe Islands and Greenland both belong to the Kingdom of Denmark. Bicycling is an integral part of Danish culture and most of the country is cyclist friendly. The official language is Danish, and the capital city is Copenhagen.

    Norway is also called "The Land of Vikings" or "The Land of the Midnight Sun," The northernmost country in Europe, Norway has a jagged expanse of islands and fjords. The maritime industry sustains the economy. The official language is Norwegian, and the capital city is Oslo.

    Sweden, a land of numerous lakes, is the largest of the Scandinavian countries both in land size and population. The car companies Volvo and Saab both originated there and are a big part of the Swedish industry. Swedish citizens are independently minded and highly regard their people-oriented social programs, especially women's rights. The official language is Swedish, and the capital city is Stockholm.

    With a surprisingly mild climate, Iceland is Europe's westernmost country and the second largest island in the North Atlantic ocean (Greenland is the largest). Flight time to Iceland is 3 hours, 30 minutes from the European mainland. Iceland has a strong economy, low unemployment, low inflation, and its per capita income is among the highest in the world. The official language is Icelandic, and the capital city is Reykjavik.

    Another country where the weather is better than many tourists expect, Finland has one of the lowest immigration rates in the world. It also has the highest per capita consumption of coffee in the world (consuming an average of 26 pounds of coffee each year). Finland was a part of Sweden for around 700 years and as a result the two countries have similar legal, economic, and social systems. The official language is Finnish, which is also called Suomi. Swedish is also recognized as an official language. The capital city is Helsinki.

  6. Scandinavia - Wikipedia › wiki › Scandinavian_countries

    The Nordic countries also consist of: Finland ( parliamentary republic) Iceland ( parliamentary republic) Åland Islands (an autonomous province of Finland since 1920) Faroe Islands (an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark ( The unity of the Realm), self-governed since 1948) Greenland ...

  7. Nordic countries - Wikipedia › wiki › Nordic_countries

    Etymology and concept of the Nordic countries Scandinavia refers typically to the cultural and linguistic group formed by Denmark, Norway and Sweden, or the... Fennoscandia refers to the area that includes the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Kola Peninsula and Karelia. This term... Cap of the North ...

    • 3,425,804 km² (1,322,710 sq mi) (7th)
    • 27,359,000 (49th)
  8. Scandinavia | Definition, Countries, Map, & Facts | Britannica › place › Scandinavia

    Jun 08, 2021 · Alternative Title: Scandia Scandinavia, historically Scandia, part of northern Europe, generally held to consist of the two countries of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Norway and Sweden, with the addition of Denmark.

  9. Constitutional Monarchs: The Royal Families of Scandinavia ... › constitutional-monarchs-the-royal
    • Norway
    • Sweden
    • Denmark

    Norway’s current monarch is King Harald V (born 1937), who came to the throne in 1991 upon the death of his father, King Olav V. King Harald and Queen Sonja (née Haraldsen) have two children, Princess Märtha Louise (born in 1971) and Crown Prince Haakon Magnus (born in 1973). Although Crown Prince Haakon is the younger child of King Harald, he takes precedence over his sister because of the order of succession in place at the time of his birth. This law was amended in 1990 to allow the eldest child to inherit the throne regardless of sex, but the change was not made retroactive. In 2001, Crown Prince Haakon caused a stir by marrying Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby, a single mother with a controversial past. However, their marriage has been a great success, and as Crown Princess Mette-Marit has managed to win the hearts of much of the Norwegian population. The couple have two children, Princess Ingrid Alexandra (born 2004), who is second in line to the throne after her father, and Prince S...

    The present monarch of Sweden is Carl XVI Gustaf, who came to the throne in 1973 at the age of 27. He succeeded his grandfather, King Gustaf VI Adolf, since his own father, Prince Gustaf Adolf, had died in a plane crash in 1947, when Carl Gustaf was less than a year old. In 1976 King Carl Gustaf married the German-Brazilian Silvia Sommerlath, whom he met at the 1972 Olympics in Munich. Although there was some initial resistance to the idea of a commoner queen, the Swedish press and public quickly warmed to Silvia, even going so far as to credit her with reviving the popularity of the monarchy. King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia have three children, Crown Princess Victoria (born 1977), Prince Carl Philip (born 1979), and Princess Madeleine (born 1981). At the time of his birth, Prince Carl Philip was first in line to the throne, but he retained his place as Crown Prince for only seven months. In 1980, a law was passed establishing absolute primogeniture and making this change retr...

    Denmark’s Queen Margrethe II is the country’s first female monarch since her namesake, Margrethe I, who united the three Scandinavian countries in the Kalmar Union, died in 1412. Born in 1940, Margrethe is the eldest daughter of King Frederik IX and his wife, Queen Ingrid of Sweden. Through her mother, Margrethe is a first cousin of Sweden’s King Carl XVI Gustaf; she is also a second cousin of Norway’s King Harald V, whose grandfather was a prince of Denmark. At the time of Margrethe’s birth, only males were allowed to inherit the throne of Denmark; however, after it became apparent that King Frederik was unlikely to have any sons, a constitutional amendment was passed allowing women to inherit. Margrethe thus became Crown Princess in 1953, a few weeks before her 13th birthday. She ascended the throne in January 1972. In 1967, Margrethe married a French diplomat, Count Henri de Laborde de Montepezat, who was given the more Danish-sounding title Prince Henrik. The couple have two son...

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