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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › AlphabetAlphabet - Wikipedia

    An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols or graphemes (called letters) that represent the phonemes of certain spoken languages. Not all writing systems represent language in this way; in a syllabary, each character represents a syllable, for instance, and logographic systems use characters to represent words, morphemes, or other semantic units.

    • Etymology

      The English word alphabet came into Middle English from the...

    • History

      The history of the alphabet started in ancient Egypt....

  2. Alphabet Inc. is an American multinational technology conglomerate holding company headquartered in Mountain View, California.It was created through a restructuring of Google on October 2, 2015, and became the parent company of Google and several former Google subsidiaries.

    • Overview
    • Letter names
    • Diacritics
    • Punctuation marks within words
    • Frequencies
    • Phonology

    The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters, each having an upper- and lower-case form. It originated around the 7th century from Latin script. Since then, letters have been added or removed to give the current Modern English alphabet of 26 letters with no diacritics, digraphs, nor special characters. The word alphabet is a compound of the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta. A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I i J j K k L l M m N n O o P p Q q R r

    The ampersand has sometimes appeared at the end of the English alphabet, as in Byrhtferð's list of letters in 1011. & was regarded as the 27th letter of the English alphabet, as taught to children in the US and elsewhere. An example may be seen in M. B. Moore's 1863 book ...

    Old and Middle English had a number of non-Latin letters that have since dropped out of use. These either took the names of the equivalent runes, since there were no Latin names to adopt, or were runes themselves. 1. Æ æ ash or æsc /ˈæʃ/, used for the vowel /æ/, which ...

    The most common diacritic marks seen in English publications are the acute, grave, circumflex, tilde, umlaut and diaeresis, and cedilla. Diacritics used for tonal languages may be replaced with tonal numbers or omitted.

    The apostrophe is not considered part of the English alphabet nor used as a diacritic even in loanwords. But it is used for two important purposes in written English: to mark the "possessive" and to mark contracted words. Current standards require its use for both purposes. There

    Hyphens are often used in English compound words. Writing compound words may be hyphenated, open or closed, so specifics are guided by stylistic policy. Some writers may use a slash in certain instances.

    The letter most commonly used in English is E. The least used letter is Z. The frequencies shown in the table may differ in practice according to the type of text.

    The letters A, E, I, O, and U are considered vowel letters, since they represent vowels, although I and U represent consonants in words such as "onion" and "quail" respectively. The letter Y sometimes represents a consonant and sometimes a vowel. Very rarely, W may represent a vowel. The consonant sounds represented by the letters W and Y in English are referred to as semi-vowels by linguists, however this is a description that applies to the sounds represented by the letters and not to the lett

    • Latin
    • Alphabet
    • Alphabets
    • Short List of Alphabets
    • Other Writing Systems
    • Related Pages

    It seems that the idea of an alphabet – a script based entirely upon sound – has been copied and adapted to suit many different languages. Although no alphabet fits its language perfectly, they are flexible enough to fit any language approximately. The alphabet was a unique invention.p12 The Roman alphabet, the Cyrillic, and a few others come from the ancient Greek alphabet, which dates back to about 1100 to 800BC.p167 The Greek alphabet was probably developed from the Phoenicianscript, which appeared somewhat earlier, and had some similar letter-shapes. The Phoenicians spoke a Semitic language, usually called Canaanite. The Semitic group of languages includes Arabic, Maltese, Hebrew and also Aramaic, the language spoken by Jesus. We do not know much about how the alphabetic idea arose, but the Phoenicians, a trading people, came up with letters which were adapted by the early Greeks to produce their alphabet. The one big difference is that the Phoenician script had no pure vowels....

    A list of alphabets and examples of the languages they are used for: 1. Proto-Sinaitic script 2. Phoenician alphabet, used in ancient Phoenicia. 3. Greek alphabet, used for Greek 4. Roman alphabet(or Latin alphabet), most commonly used today 5. Arabic alphabet, used for Arabic, Urdu and Persian 6. Hebrew alphabet, used for Hebrew, Ladino (only in Israel) and Yiddish 7. Devanagari, used for many languages of India 8. Cyrillic alphabet, which is based on the Greek alphabet, used for Russian and Bulgarian 9. Hangul, used for Korean 10. Ethiopic

    Other writing systems do not use letters, but they do (at least in part) represent sounds. For example, many systems represent syllables. In the past such writing systems were used by many cultures, but today they are almost only used by languages people speak in Asia. A syllabary is a system of writing that is similar to an alphabet. A syllabary uses one symbol to indicate each syllableof a word, instead of one symbol for each letter of the word. For example, a syllabary would use one symbol to mean the syllable "ga", instead of two letters of the alphabet "g" and "a". 1. Japanese uses a mix of the Chinese writing (kanji) and two syllabaries called hiragana and katakana. Modern Japanese often also uses romaji, which is the Japanese syllabarywritten in the Roman alphabet. 2. The Koreans used the Chinese writing in the past, but they created their own alphabet called hangul. Originally, 1200 BC in the Shang dynasty, Chinese characters were mainly "pictographic", using pictures to sho...

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  4. The alphabet of Old Nubian is an adaptation of Coptic. Middle Ages. An 8th-century Arabic fragment preserves a text in the Greek alphabet, as does a 9th or 10th century psalm translation fragment. An Old Ossetic inscription of the 10th–12th centuries found in Arxyz, the oldest known attestation of an Ossetic language.

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  5. The International Phonetic Alphabet ( IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin script. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of speech sounds in written form. The IPA is used by lexicographers, foreign language students and ...

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