The Auschwitz concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz, Polish: Obóz koncentracyjny Auschwitz) was a complex of over 40 concentration and extermination camps operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II and the Holocaust.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auschwitz_concentration_camp
Chancellor of Germany and Prime Minister of Poland at the Memorial for 10th anniversary of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Foundation The fact that German support for the Auschwitz-Birkenau Foundation celebrating the 10th anniversary of its creation doubled from 60 to 120 million euros was announced at the Auschwitz Memorial by Angela Merkel, the ...
Auschwitz, Polish Oświęcim, also called Auschwitz-Birkenau, Nazi Germany’s largest concentration camp and extermination camp.Located near the industrial town of Oświęcim in southern Poland (in a portion of the country that was annexed by Germany at the beginning of World War II), Auschwitz was actually three camps in one: a prison camp, an extermination camp, and a slave-labour camp.
The Auschwitz concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz, Polish: Obóz koncentracyjny Auschwitz) was a complex of over 40 concentration and extermination camps operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II and the Holocaust.
- 2 min
- Auschwitz: Genesis of Death Camps. After the start of World War II, Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), the chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, implemented a policy that came to be known as the “Final Solution.”
- Auschwitz: The Largest of the Death Camps. Auschwitz, the largest and arguably the most notorious of all the Nazi death camps, opened in the spring of 1940.
- Auschwitz and Its Subdivisions. At its peak of operation, Auschwitz consisted of several divisions. The original camp, known as Auschwitz I, housed between 15,000 and 20,000 political prisoners.
- Life and Death in Auschwitz. By mid-1942, the majority of those being sent by the Nazis to Auschwitz were Jews. Upon arriving at the camp, detainees were examined by Nazi doctors.
Due to the decision of the government to close all museums and cultural institutions in Poland because of coronavirus pandemic, the Auschwitz Memorial will be closed for visitors until December 27. The Auschwitz Memorial is accessible online thanks to our virtual visit: panorama.auschwitz.org
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- Number of Victims
- Auschwitz I
- Auschwitz II
- Deportations to Auschwitz
- The Prisoner Revolt at Auschwitz
- Auschwitz III
- Auschwitz Subcamps
- Evacuation of Auschwitz and Its Subcamps
- The Liberation of Auschwitz
It is estimated that the SS and police deported at least 1.3 million people to the Auschwitz camp complex between 1940 and 1945. Of these deportees, approximately 1.1 million people were murdered. The best estimates of the number of victims at the Auschwitz camp complex, including the killing center at Auschwitz-Birkenau, between 1940 and 1945 are: 1. Jews (1,095,000 deported to Auschwitz, 960,000 died) 2. Non-Jewish Poles (140,000- 150,000 deported, 74,000 died) 3. Roma (Gypsies) (23,000 dep...
Auschwitz I, the main camp, was the first camp established near Oswiecim. Construction began in April 1940 in an abandoned Polish army barracks in a suburb of the city.SS authorities continuously used prisoners for forced labor to expand the camp. During the first year of the camp’s existence, the SS and police cleared a zone of approximately 40 square kilometers (15.44 square miles) as a “development zone” reserved for the exclusive use of the camp.The first prisoners at Auschwitz included G...
Construction of Auschwitz II, or Auschwitz-Birkenau, began at Brzezinka in October 1941.Of the three camps established near Oswiecim, the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp had the largest total prisoner population. It was divided into ten sections separated by electrified barbed-wire fences. Like Auschwitz I, it was patrolled by SS guards, including—after 1942—SS dog handlers.The camp included sections for women; men; a family camp for Roma (Gypsies) deported from Germany, Austria, and the Protectorate...
Trains arrived at Auschwitz frequently with transports of Jews from virtually every country in Europe occupied by or allied to Germany. These transports arrived from early 1942 to early November 1944. The approximate breakdown of deportations from individual countries: 1. Hungary: 426,000 2. Poland: 300,000 3. France: 69,000 4. Netherlands: 60,000 5. Greece: 55,000 6. Bohemia and Moravia: 46,000 7. Slovakia: 27,000 8. Belgium: 25,000 9. Yugoslavia: 10,000 10. Italy: 7,500 11. Norway: 690 12....
On October 7, 1944, several hundred prisoners assigned to Crematorium IV at Auschwitz-Birkenau rebelled after learning that they were going to be killed. During the uprising, the prisoners killed three guards and blew up the crematorium and adjacent gas chamber. The prisoners used explosives smuggled into the camp by Jewish women who had been assigned to forced labor in a nearby armaments factory.The Germans crushed the revolt and killed almost all of the prisoners involved in the rebellion....
Auschwitz III, also called Buna or Monowitz, was established in October 1942. It housed prisoners assigned to work at the Buna synthetic rubber works, located on the outskirts of the small village of Monowice.In the spring of 1941, German conglomerate I.G. Farben established a factory in which its executives intended to exploit concentration camp labor to manufacture synthetic rubber and fuels. I.G. Farben invested more than 700 million Reichsmarks (about 2.8 million US dollars in 1941 terms)...
Between 1942 and 1944, the SS authorities at Auschwitz established 44 subcamps. Some of them were established within the officially designated “development” zone, including Budy, Rajsko, Tschechowitz, Harmense, and Babitz. Others, such as Blechhammer, Gleiwitz, Althammer, Fürstengrube, Laurahuette, and Eintrachthuette were located in Upper Silesia north and west of the Vistula River. Some subcamps, such as Freudenthal and Bruenn (Brno), were located in Moravia.In general, subcamps that produc...
In mid-January 1945, as Soviet forces approached the Auschwitz concentration camp complex, the SS began evacuating Auschwitz and its subcamps.SS units forced nearly 60,000 prisoners to march west from the Auschwitz camp system. Thousands had been killed in the camps in the days before these death marches began.Tens of thousands of prisoners, mostly Jews, were forced to march either northwest for 55 kilometers (approximately 30 miles) to Gliwice (Gleiwitz) or due west for 63 kilometers (approx...
On January 27, 1945, the Soviet army entered Auschwitz, Birkenau, and Monowitz and liberated more than six thousand prisoners, most of whom were ill and dying.
Oświęcim (Polish pronunciation: [ɔɕˈfjɛɲtɕim] (); German: Auschwitz, [ˈʔaʊ̯ʃvɪts]; Yiddish: אָשפּיצין , romanized: Oshpitzin) is a town in the Lesser Poland (Polish: Małopolska) province of southern Poland, situated 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Kraków, near the confluence of the Vistula (Wisła) and Soła rivers.
Auschwitz II is located on the eastern side of Oswiecim, to the left of Auschwitz I and the nearest big city to them is Krakow. Auschwitz II is also called Auschwitz-Birkenau , cause village Brzezinka (3 kilometers further) was chosen as a place, where four crematories, a reception building and hundreds of buildings were built.
A visit to the Nazi concentration camps of Auschwitz and Birkenau offers a haunting insight into the tragedies of Poland’s WWII Nazi occupation. On this half-day tour from Krakow, travel from the city by private car or minivan, then join an emotional tour of the museum, memorials, and camp buildings, visiting both Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II ...
- Piastow, Krakow, Southern Poland
Eighty years ago, on June 14, 1940, the first 728 prisoners arrived at Auschwitz. The camp was initially meant for Polish resistance fighters, but from 1942 it played a central role in the Nazi ...