From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Brassica oleracea is a plant species that includes many common foods as cultivars, including cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, Savoy cabbage, kohlrabi, and gai lan. In its uncultivated form, it is called wild cabbage, and is native to coastal southern and western Europe.
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Brassica oleracea, or wild cabbage, is a species of Brassica native to coastal southern and western Europe. Its tolerance of salt and lime, and its dislike of competition from other plants, restrict it to limestone sea cliffs, like the chalk cliffs on both sides of the English Channel.
- Classification and identification
Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the Brassicaceae family. It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. Typically, only the head is eaten – the edible white flesh sometimes called "curd". The cauliflower head is composed of a white inflorescence meristem. Cauliflower heads resemble those in broccoli, which differs in having flower buds as the edible portion. Brassica oleracea also includes broccoli, Brussels...
In the 1st century AD, Pliny included what he called cyma among his descriptions of cultivated plants in Natural History: "Ex omnibus brassicae generibus suavissima est cyma,". Pliny's descriptions likely refer to the flowering heads of an earlier cultivated variety of Brassica oleracea, but comes close to describing modern cauliflower. In the Middle Ages early forms of cauliflower were associated with the island of Cyprus, with the 12th- and 13th-century Arab botanists Ibn al-'Awwam and Ibn al-
The word "cauliflower" derives from the Italian cavolfiore, meaning "cabbage flower". The ultimate origin of the name is from the Latin words caulis and flōs.
Cauliflower is relatively difficult to grow compared to cabbage, with common problems such as an underdeveloped head and poor curd quality.
There are four major groups of cauliflower. 1. Italian This specimen is diverse in appearance, biennial and annual in type. This group also includes white, Romanesco, various brown, green, purple, and yellow cultivars. This type is the ancestral form from which the others were derived. 2. Northern European annuals Used in Europe and North America for summer and fall harvest, it was developed in Germany in the 18th century and includes the old cultivars Erfurt and Snowball. 3. Northwest European
- Genome sequencing and genetics
Brassica Brassica rapa Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Brassicales Family: Brassicaceae Genus: Brassica L. Species See text Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family. The members of the genus are informally known as cruciferous vegetables, cabbages, or mustard plants. Crops from this genus are sometimes called cole crops—derived from the Latin caulis, denoting the stem or stalk of a plant...
The flowers, seeds, stalks, and tender leaves of many species of Brassica can be eaten raw or cooked. Almost all parts of some species have been developed for food, including the root, stems, leaves, flowers, buds, and seeds. Some forms with white or purple foliage or flowerheads
Brassica vegetables provide high amounts of vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, and soluble fiber, and contain glucosinolates which are under preliminary research for their potential biological properties when consumed. Epidemiological studies suggest that brassica vegetables are pr
Boiling substantially reduces the levels of broccoli glucosinolates, while other cooking methods, such as steaming, microwaving, and stir frying, have no significant effect on glucosinolate levels.
There is some disagreement among botanists on the classification and status of Brassica species and subspecies. The following is an abbreviated list, with an emphasis on economically important species. 1. Brassica balearica: Mallorca cabbage 2. Brassica carinata: Abyssinian mustard or Abyssinian cabbage, used to produce biodiesel 3. Brassica elongata: elongated mustard 4. Brassica fruticulosa: Mediterranean cabbage 5. Brassica hilarionis: St. Hilarion cabbage 6. Brassica juncea: Indian mustard,
Bayer CropScience announced it had sequenced the entire genome of rapeseed and its constituent genomes present in B. rapa and B. oleracea in 2009. The B. rapa genome was sequenced by the Multinational Brassica Genome Project in 2011. This also represents the A genome component of the amphidiploid crop species B. napus and B. juncea.
‘Brassica’ is Pliny the Elder's name for several cabbage-like plants.
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Brassica oleracea Grupu Italica (Brassica oleracea var. italica Plenck) - brécol o brócoli; Brassica oleracea Grupu Medullosa (Brassica oleracea var. medullosa Thell.) - col de megollu, col medular o col meollosa; Brassica oleracea Grupu Palmifolia (Brassica oleracea var. palmifolia DC.) - col de Xerséi
Romanesco broccoli (also known as Roman cauliflower, Broccolo Romanesco, Romanesque cauliflower, or simply Romanesco) is an edible flower bud of the species Brassica oleracea. First documented in Italy in the 16th century, it is chartreuse in color, and has a form naturally approximating a fractal.
Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas Spesies Brassica oleracea L. (suku kubis-kubisan atau Brassicaceae) biasa dikenal awam sebagai kubis atau kol. Namun spesies ini mencakup juga berbagai jenis sayur-sayuran populer lain seperti kubis bunga (termasuk romanesco), brokoli, kubis tunas (brusselsprout), kolrabi, dan kailan.
Recently, a novel allohexaploid (AABBCC) which is located at the "center" of the triangle of U has been created by different means , for example by crossing B. rapa (AA) with B. carinata (BBCC), or B. nigra (BB) with B. napus (AACC), or B. oleracea (CC) with B. juncea (AABB), followed by chromosome duplication of the triploid (ABC) offspring to ...