Bulgaria covers a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), and is the sixteenth-largest country in Europe. Sofia is the nation's capital and largest city; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas. One of the earliest societies in the lands of modern-day Bulgaria was the Neolithic Karanovo culture, which dates back to 6,500 BC.
The history of Bulgaria can be traced from the first settlements on the lands of modern Bulgaria to its formation as a nation-state, and includes the history of the Bulgarian people and their origin. The earliest evidence of hominid occupation discovered in what is today Bulgaria date from at least 1.4 million years ago. 
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In what is now Bulgaria, many different people and different cultures lived over time. This includes Neolithic, Hamangia culture, Vinča culture, eneolithic, Varna culture (5th millennium BC) and the Bronze Age Ezero culture.
The Thracians lived in the area of modern Bulgaria (in Thrace or Latin: Thracia). King Tere united the people in Odrysian Kingdomaround 500 BC. Alexander the Greathad influence over the people on the 4th century BC. The last Hellenistic Thracian kingdom became part of the Roman Empirein the 1st century AD. The lands of Bulgaria were then part of the Roman Empire. Eurasian Avars, South Slavs and Hunssettled all over the territory of modern Bulgaria during the 6th century.
The Bulgars arrived in Thracia in the 7th century. The Bulgars established the First Bulgarian Empire in 681 AD, after a war with the Romans in which the Bulgarians had success. In 1018, the Romans overcame the Bulgarians in war, the Bulgarian stateended, and Bulgaria became part of the Roman Empire again. The Second Bulgarian Empire started in a rebellion about 1185 AD. The state had Tarnovoas the capital.
The Ottoman Empiretook over in 1396, and ruled Bulgaria for about 500 years. The Ottomans had very strict rules and the Bulgarians suffered. The Bulgarians rebelled several times against the Turkish rulers.
Bulgaria's economy was dependent on the COMECON market. This was a group of communist countries (Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania) that agreed to work together. This group fell apart in 1989 with the fall of communism in Europe. While this was good for personal freedom, it was too much of a change for the businesses and jobs. Also Yugoslavia, their neighbor, fell into a civil waras their country broke apart, and that did not help Bulgaria. Living standards fell by 40 percent as people lost their jobs and their savings were not worth much, and even some new-born babies were sent to orphanages when their parents could not take care of them. In 1994 Bulgaria had a short economic boom. But that slowed down in 1996 from bad finance deals and other banking problems. In 1997 there was high inflation(the money could not buy as much as it did before). Retired people had little income (their pension did not go up as fast as inflation did) and their savings...
Since 1999, Bulgaria has been divided into 28 provinces or regions. Each province is named after its local capital. The provinces are divided into municipalities, there are 264 in total.
There are 6 Bulgarian development regions of 27 smaller provinces. See List of settlements in Bulgariafor a list of all large locations. In Bulgaria there are 5,664,624 citizens of Bulgarians, 1,200,000 citizens of Turksand 800,000 Citizens of Roma/Gypsies. Bulgaria is classified as an development country by the EU. 1. Number of people living in Bulgaria: 7,351,234 2. Female: 3,770,897 (51%) 3. Male: 3,580,337 (49%) 4. Those living in cities: 5,357,633 (73%) 5. Those living in villages: 1,993,601 (27%) 6. Number of dwellings (houses, apartments, summer house/villa, any place where people can live): 3,898,688 7. Number of households (people living together - families, roommates, etc.): 2,826,740↑ Penin, Rumen (2007). Природна география на България [Natural Geography of Bulgaria] (in Bulgarian). Bulvest 2000. p. 18. ISBN 978-954-18-0546-6.↑ "Field listing: Area". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 9 October 2018.↑ "Population on 1 January". ec.europa.eu/eurostat. Eurostat. Retrieved 14 January 2020.↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 January 2020.Media related to Bulgariaat Wikimedia Commons
The Bulgarian Wikipedia is the Bulgarian-language edition of Wikipedia. It was founded on 6 December 2003, and on 12 June 2015 it passed the 200,000 articles threshold. It is written in Bulgarian Alphabet. As of 16 July 2021 it has 273,370 articles and is the 33rd largest Wikipedia edition.
At of 7 April 2018, the Bulgarian Wikipedia has 231,126 registered users and 710 of them were active users. Bulgarian Wikipedia has a Bulgarian alphabet interface and users can include Cyrillic letters for their Wikipedia names. The userboxes and all other personal content is in Cyrillic. This is also due to the need of one username for all Wikipedia languages registrations and edits, while many of the Bulgarian Wikipedians also contribute to the English, French, etc. Wikipedias where Cyrillic n
The Bulgarian Wikipedia was created on 6 December 2003. In 2005 Bulgarian Wikipedia added its 20,000th article and was the 21st largest Wikipedia at the time. Later in 2007 it was the 30th largest Wikipedia by article count, with over 50,000 articles. On 24 May 2010, the distinctive Wikipedia globe logo for the Bulgarian Wikipedia was temporarily altered to include the number 100,000 to commemorate the 100,000 article milestone, it became the 32nd largest Wikipedia by size and now it holds 33rd
As of March 2010 Bulgarian Wikipedia uses only Commons for pictures and multimedia uploads and local uploads are switched off. The existing files are gradually moved to Commons.
- Tourist attractions
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Tourism in Bulgaria is a significant contributor to the country's economy. Situated at the crossroads of the East and West, Bulgaria has been home to many civilizations - Thracians, Greeks, Romans, Eastern Romans or Byzantines, Slavs, Bulgars, and Ottomans. The country is rich in tourist sights and historical artifacts, scattered through a relatively small and easily accessible territory. Bulgaria is internationally known for its seaside and winter resorts. Bulgaria attracted nearly 12 million f
There are ten UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bulgaria. The first four properties were inscribed in the World Heritage List in 1979, and the last in 2017. Bulgaria currently has sixteen additional properties on the Tentative List. Nestinarstvo, a ritual fire-dance of Thracian orig
The Bulgarian cultural heritage has many faces and manifestations - archaeological reserves and monuments, museums, galleries, rich cultural calendar, preserved folklore and magnificent architectural monuments.
The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast is picturesque and diverse. White and golden sandy beaches occupy approximately 130 km of the 378 km long coast. The temperatures during the summer months are very suitable for marine tourism and the water temperature allows sea bathing from May to O
Bulgaria has 3 national parks, 11 nature parks and 55 nature reserves. The first nature park in Bulgaria and the Balkan Peninsula is Vitosha Nature Park, established in 1934.
Democratic Bulgaria ( Bulgarian: Демократична България, ДБ, Demokratichna Balgariya, DB) is an electoral alliance in Bulgaria formed by three political parties – Yes, Bulgaria!, Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria and The Greens. The union was created on 12 April 2018.
свободната енциклопедия, която всеки може да редактира. Съдържа 273 458 статии на български език.
- Electoral system
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Parliamentary elections were held in Bulgaria on 4 April 2021.
The 240 members of the National Assembly are elected by open list proportional representation from 31 multi-member constituencies ranging in size from 4 to 16 seats. The electoral threshold is 4% for parties, with seats allocated using the largest remainder method.
The incumbent government was a coalition between the conservative GERB party of Prime Minister Boyko Borisov and the nationalist United Patriots alliance, with the support of the populist Volya Movement. Together they held 132 out of 240 seats in the National Assembly. During The Greens' 2020 national meeting, the party representatives voted in favor of a coalition at "the next parliamentary election with the other two members of Democratic Bulgaria". The party representatives voted against a "c
Both GERB and BSP had very poor results and there was a large turnover with a third of the seats taken by parties not represented in the previous parliament. A central theme in the election was purported corruption in the GERB-led government, which saw GERB lose seats and various anti-corruption parties gain, most notably Slavi Trifonov's ITN, but also DB and ISMV. The Bulgarian Socialist Party suffered from division between its leader Korneliya Ninova and other factions. The BSP recorded their
- 49.10% 3.5%