- Federalism in the early Republic. Federalism was a political solution for the problems with the Articles of Confederation which gave little practical authority to the federal government.
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Federalism is a mixed or compound mode of government that combines a general government (the central or "federal" government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
Federalism in the United States is the constitutional division of power between U.S. state governments and the federal government of the United States. Since the founding of the country, and particularly with the end of the American Civil War, power shifted away from the states and toward the national government.
- Latin America
- United States
- Global federalism
The term federalist describes several political beliefs around the world. It may also refer to the concept of parties; its members or supporters called themselves Federalists.
In the Spanish-speaking parts the Latin America the term "federalist" is used in reference to the politics of 19th-century Argentina and Colombia. The Federalists opposed the Unitarians in Argentina and the Centralists in Colombia the through the 19th century. Federalists fought for complete self-government and full provincial autonomy, as opposed to the centralized government that the Unitarians and Centralists favored. Furthermore, Federalists demanded tariff protection for their industries an
Federalism, in regard to the National Question, refers to support for Quebec remaining within Canada, while either keeping the status quo or pursuing greater autonomy and constitutional recognition of a Quebec nation, with corresponding rights and powers for Quebec within the Canadian federation. This ideology is opposed to Quebec sovereigntism, proponents of Quebec independence, most often along with an economic union with Canada similar to the European Union.
In the United States the term federalist usually applies to a member of one of the following groups
In Europe proponents of deeper European integration are sometimes called Federalists. A major European NGO and advocacy group campaigning for such a political union is the Union of European Federalists. Movements towards a peacefully unified European state have existed since the 1920s, notably the Paneuropean Union. A pan-European party with representation in the European Parliament fighting for the same cause is Volt Europa. In the European Parliament the Spinelli Group brings together MEPs fro
The World Federalist Movement. "World federalists support the creation of democratic global structures accountable to the citizens of the world and call for the division of international authority among separate agencies."
Movement that opposed the creation of a strong U.S. federal government and later the ratification of the Constitution For the faction opposed to the policies of U.S. President George Washington, see Anti-Administration party. The Articles of Confederation, predecessor to the U.S. Constitution and drafted from Anti-Federalist principles
- Support and Opposition
Federalism in the United Kingdom refers to the distribution of power between countries and regions of the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom, despite being composed of four countries, three of which have their own cabinet, legislature and First Minister, has traditionally been a unitary state, governed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in Westminster. Instead of adopting a federal model, such as that of the United States, the United Kingdom continues to employ a system of devolution, in wh
Whilst English monarchs had had varying degrees of control around the Isles from the Norman Era, for example conquering Wales and parts of Ireland, and Wars in Scotland, the kingdoms remained separate entities, with the exception of the Principality of Wales being annexed into En
At the beginning of the 20th century, the issue of Irish home rule remained an important; After the First and Second Home Rule Bills failed to pass towards the end of the 19th Century, two subsequent bills were introduced at the beginning of the 20th Century. The Third Home Rule
A further development in devolution was the 2004 North East England Devolution Referendum, which failed by a large margin. The original proposal was alongside planned referenda in North West England and Yorkshire and the Humber, but these were cancelled after the referendum in th
With the lack of a single English parliament or assembly, one proposal has been to create a single devolved English parliament, alongside the existing institutions in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. However, England is by far the largest single unit in the United Kingdom by both population and Area, which some argue would dominate the system, as well as not effectively solve the issue of devolving power to smaller units. This had therefore lead to many proposals for the system to be based
British Federalism has had a varied history, with many different supporters of it. The Federal Union is a pressure group which supports a codified federal constitution in the United Kingdom, arguing that it remains too centralised, and that existing devolution remains administrative rather than political. Various politicians from across parties have also proposed Federalism. Some have argued that the UK's decision to leave the European Union, which was widely supported in England and Wales, but
- General perspectives
- Ethnic federalism in specific countries
Ethnic federalism is a federal system of national government in which the federated units are defined according to ethnicity. Related terms are multi-ethnic federalism and ethnofederalism. This type of federation is identified above all with the governance of Meles Zenawi from the 1990s in Ethiopia, where it has sometimes been known as Zenawism. Meles Zenawi and his government adopted ethnic federalism to establish the equality of all ethnic groups in present day Ethiopia. Features of ethnic fed
In an ethnic federation some or all of the federated units are constructed as far as possible to follow ethnic boundaries, providing ethnic communities with a measure of autonomy. Because the federation remains one state, this is distinguished from outright partition. Such a syst
One of the main motivations for introducing ethnic federalism is to reduce conflict among the groups within the state, by granting each group local self-government and guaranteed representation at the centre. Thus an ethnic federal system may have particular appeal where serious
Ethnic federalism as an institutional choice to alleviate ethnic tensions within a country has often been criticised, both on conceptual and empirical grounds. At the theoretical level the difficulties include::16 1. The problematic concept of "ethnicity" as an ordering principle
Ethiopia has over 80 ethno-linguistic groups and a long history of ethnic conflict. After 17 years of armed struggle, in 1991 Meles Zenawi's party replaced the Derg. Zenawi, up to then leader of the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front and the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democ
The ethnic aspect of a new federal structure in Nepal has been a source of contention through the constitution-building process of recent years. Multiparty democracy was introduced in Nepal in 1990 after a popular uprising led by the Congress party and the United Left Front, a co
Following the secession in 1971 of East Pakistan to become Bangladesh, the Pakistani government sought ways to accommodate the ethno-nationalist demands of the different groups within what had been West Pakistan. The 1973 Constitution imposed a federal structure giving autonomy t
The Federalist Party was the first political party in the United States. Under Alexander Hamilton, it dominated the national government from 1789 to 1801. It became a minority party while keeping its stronghold in New England and made a brief resurgence by opposing the War of 1812. It then collapsed with its last presidential candidate in 1816.
Dual federalism, also known as layer-cake federalism or divided sovereignty, is a political arrangement in which power is divided between the federal and state governments in clearly defined terms, with state governments exercising those powers accorded to them without interference from the federal government.
- History and controversy
The Federalist Type of site Online magazine Available inEnglish HeadquartersUnited States Created byBen Domenech Sean Davis Luke Sherman EditorDavid Harsanyi Mollie Hemingway URLwww.thefederalist.com Alexa rank14,356 CommercialYes RegistrationOptional, but is not required to comment LaunchedSeptember 1, 2013; 6 years ago Current statusActive The Federalist is an American conservative online magazine and podcast that covers politics, policy, culture, and religion, and publishes a newsletter. The
The Federalist was co-founded by Luke Sherman, Ben Domenech and Sean Davis; senior editors include David Harsanyi and Mollie Hemingway. Domenech wrote that The Federalist was inspired by the mission and worldview of the original Time magazine's editor, Henry Luce, which he described as, " to the political right, with a small-c conservatism equipped with a populist respect for the middle class reader outside of New York and Washington, and an abiding love for America at a time when snark and cyni
Writing for Politico in 2014, Reid Cherlin wrote about The Federalist in an article about the rise in right-wing media online, describing the site as "seek to go deep on the issues and sway the conversation in Washington." Matt K. Lewis wrote in The Week that conservative online media was divided between "staid, august publications" and "a new generation of irreverent sites," and that "ites like The Federalist try to bridge the gap by providing serious commentary that is typically written by you
- Online magazine
- United States
- Ben Domenech, Sean Davis
Federalism är ett politiskt system där makten är uppdelad på olika nivåer. Enheter på lokal eller regional nivå har beslutanderätt på central nivå genom en parlamentarisk församling, detta till skillnad från en enhetsstat där parlamentet har beslutanderätt över de regionala/lokala enheterna.