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Microsoft Windows, commonly referred to as Windows, is a group of several proprietary graphical operating system families, all of which are developed and marketed by Microsoft. Each family caters to a certain sector of the computing industry.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Wikipedia list article. This page lists and links to information on the various versions of Microsoft Windows, a major computer operating system developed by Microsoft .Windows versionCodenamesRelease dateRelease versionThreshold, Redstone, 19H1, 19H2, 20H1, 20H2, 21H1 YYHx, IronJuly 15, 2015 July 29, 2015 (Availability)NT 10.0BlueAugust 27, 2013 October 17, 2013 (Availability)NT 6.3'8'August 1, 2012 October 26, 2012 (Availability)NT 6.2Windows 7July 22, 2009 October 22, 2009 (Availability)NT 6.1
Microsoft Corporation (/ ˈmaɪkroʊsɒft / MY-kroh-soft) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services.
Microsoft introduced Windows as a graphical user interface for MS-DOS, which had been introduced a two years earlier. The product line evolved in the 1990s from an operating environment into a fully complete, modern operating system over two lines of development, each with their own separate codebase.
Windows 10 is a series of operating systems developed by Microsoft and released as part of its Windows NT family of operating systems. It is the successor to Windows 8.1, released nearly two years earlier, and was released to manufacturing on July 15, 2015, and broadly released for the general public on July 29, 2015.
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There have been many versions of Windows since its introduction in 1985, ranging from 16-bit to 64-bit, for both client and server applications.
The most obvious feature of Windows is a window, or a container for other graphical objects. A Window in Microsoft Windows typically contains a status bar, title bar, minimize and maximize buttons, close button, and system menu (also called the windows menu or control menu). Another prominent feature since Windows 95 and NT 4.0 is the desktop, which holds various icons that the user can double-click to open. The Start Button and Start Menu, attached to the taskbar and typically below the desktop, gives users access to installed programs and many of the other features of the operating system. Due to these and features, Windows makes it possible to perform most common tasks, some quite complex, with very little computer knowledge. Windows also comes with features to help the disabled through its accessibility options. Under Windows XP, these features include the Narrator, Magnifier and contrast display mode.
Microsoft Windows is installed on the vast majority of personal computers. A July 2005 poll of Network Computing magazine readers found that 90% of their organizations used Microsoft's desktop operating systems . It has achieved enormous market penetration due to the domination of MS-DOS in the early days of PC compatible computers (IBM PC clones). It is also the primary platform for Microsoft Officeand most non-console computer games. The widespread use of Microsoft's operating system has be...
Security has been a major weakness of Windows for many years, and even Microsoft itself has been the victim of cracks and hacks . Due to the widespread usage of Windows on personal computers, many crackers (also known as black hat hackers) have targeted Windows rather than the lesser used operating systems such as Linux, Unix, Mac OS X, and FreeBSD. Some believe that due being designed for security in a multi-user and/or networked environment some other operating systems have a relatively small number of security issues. Windows was originally designed for ease-of-use on a single-user PC without a network connection, and did not have security features built in from the outset. Combined with occasionally flawed code (such as buffer overflows), Windows is a continuous target of worms and virus writers. Furthermore, until Service Pack 2 of Windows XP most versions of Windows were shipped with important security features disabled by default, and vulnerable albeit useful system services...GeneralFurther reading↑ "The Unusual History of Microsoft Windows". http://inventors.about.com/od/mstartinventions/a/Windows.htm?rd=1. Retrieved April 22, 2007.↑ Keizer, Gregg (July 14, 2014). "Microsoft gets real, admits its device share is just 14%". IDG. Archived from the original on August 21, 2016. http://www.computerworld.com/article/2490008/microso...↑ "Xbox One Architecture Finally Explained - Runs OS 'Virtually Indistinguishable' from Windows 8". WCCFtech. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. http://wccftech.com/xbox-one-architect...
1. Microsoft's Official Windows Website 2. Official Promotional Website (Windows.com) 3. Windows history time line from Microsoft
Tips and documentation
1. How to run multiple versions of Windows on one PC 2. Tech-Recipes Windows Guide– listing of almost 500 Windows Tutorials 3. The Windows Documentation Project (wiki) 4. Securing Microsoft Windows (for Home and Small Business Users) 5. Symantec Anti-Virus Research Center– excellent informational security resource, and Symantec are makers of Norton Anti-Virus (third party software sold separately). 6. dotwhat? - File Extension Listing– a huge listing of file extensions and the programs that u...
Programming Microsoft Windows
1. Microsoft Development Network for programming Microsoft Windows 2. Windows API tutorialin C++
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This is a list of typefaces shipped with Windows 3.1x through Windows 10. Typefaces only shipped with Microsoft Office or other Microsoft applications are not included. The "First Windows version" column indicates the first edition of Windows in which the font was included.
Microsoft Windows (ou simplesmente Windows) é uma família de sistemas operacionais desenvolvidos, comercializados e vendidos pela Microsoft. É constituída por várias famílias de sistemas operacionais, cada qual atendendo a um determinado setor da indústria da computação, sendo que o sistema geralmente é associado com a arquitetura IBM PC compatível.
- 20 de novembro de 1985; há 34 anos
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- C, C++, assembly