Modern English (sometimes New English or NE (ME) as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 14th century and was completed in roughly 1550.
English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages. Old English originated from a Germanic tribal and linguistic continuum along the Frisian North Sea coast, whose languages gradually evolved into the Anglic languages in the British Isles, and into the Frisian languages and Low German/Low Saxon on the continent.
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Early Modern English or Early New English is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century. Before and after the accession of James I to the English throne in 1603, the emerging English standard began to influence the spoken and written Middle Scots of Scotland. The grammatical and orthogr
The change from Middle English to Early Modern English was not just a matter of changes of vocabulary or pronunciation; a new era in the history of English was beginning. An era of linguistic change in a language with large variations in dialect was replaced by a new era of a mor
The English Civil War and the Interregnum were times of social and political upheaval and instability. The dates for Restoration literature are a matter of convention and differ markedly from genre to genre. In drama, the "Restoration" may last until 1700, but in poetry, it may l
The 17th-century port towns and their forms of speech gain influence over the old county towns. From around the 1690s onwards, England experienced a new period of internal peace and relative stability, which encouraged the arts including literature. Modern English can be taken to
The orthography of Early Modern English was fairly similar to that of today, but spelling was unstable. Early Modern English, as well as Modern English, inherited orthographical conventions predating the Great Vowel Shift. Early Modern English spelling was similar to Middle English orthography. Certain changes were made, however, sometimes for reasons of etymology. Early Modern English orthography had a number of features of spelling that have not been retained: 1. The letter ⟨S⟩ had ...
Most consonant sounds of Early Modern English have survived into present-day English; however, there are still a few notable differences in pronunciation: 1. Today's "silent" consonants found in the consonant clusters of such words as knot, gnat, sword were still fully pronounced
The following information primarily comes from studies of the Great Vowel Shift; see the related chart. 1. The modern English phoneme /aɪ/, as in glide, rhyme and eye, was and later. Early Modern rhymes indicate that was also the vowel that was used at the end of words like ...
The r sound was probably always pronounced with following vowel sounds. Furthermore, /ɛ/, /ɪ/ and /ʌ/ were not necessarily merged before /r/, as they are in most modern English dialects. The stressed modern phoneme /ɜːr/, when it is spelled ⟨er⟩, ⟨ear⟩ and ...
During the Early Modern period, the verb inflections became simplified as they evolved towards their modern forms: 1. The third-person singular present lost its alternate inflections: -eth and -th became obsolete, and -s survived. 2. The plural present form became uninflected. Pr
A number of words that are still in common use in Modern English have undergone semantic narrowing. The use of the verb "to suffer" in the sense of "to allow" survived into Early Modern English, as in the phrase "suffer the little children" of the King James Version, but it has mostly been lost in Modern English. Also, this period reveals a curious case of one of the earliest Russian borrowings to English; at least as early as 1600, the word "steppe" first appeared in English in William Shakespe
The Modern English Version (MEV) is an English translation of the Bible begun in 2005 and completed in 2014. The work was edited by James F. Linzey, and is an update of the King James Version (KJV), re-translated from the Masoretic Text and the Textus Receptus.
- Modern English Version
Modern Family is an American family sitcom television series created by Christopher Lloyd and Steven Levitan for the American Broadcasting Company. It ran for 11 seasons, from September 23, 2009, to April 8, 2020. It follows the lives of three diverse family set-ups in suburban Los Angeles, linked by patriarch Jay Pritchett.
World English Bible. The World English Bible is a version of the Bible written in modern English. It began in 1997 and was a revision of the American Standard Version 1997. The project began with the goal of producing an English-language version of the Bible that does not use older English nor Basic English .