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      • Roman Catholicism (often simply Catholicism) is a branch of Christianity founded on Earth in the 1st century, C.E. It is distinct from the other main branches of the Christian faith, Protestantism and Orthodox. The Roman Catholic Church is headquartered in Vatican City, an independent polity in Rome, European Alliance.,City%2C%20an%20independent%20polity%20in%20Rome%2C%20European%20Alliance.
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  2. Catholic Church - Wikipedia

    Catholic (from Greek: καθολικός, romanized: katholikos, lit. 'universal') was first used to describe the church in the early 2nd century. The first known use of the phrase "the catholic church" (καθολικὴ ἐκκλησία he katholike ekklesia) occurred in the letter written about 110 AD from Saint Ignatius of Antioch to the Smyrnaeans.

    • 1.313 billion (2017)
    • Holy See
  3. Roman Catholic (term) - Wikipedia

    When the term "Roman Catholic" is used as part of the name of a parish it usually indicates that it is a Western parish that follows the Roman Rite in its liturgy, rather than, for instance, the less common Ambrosian Rite, e.g. St. Dominic Roman Catholic Church, Oyster Bay, New York.

  4. Catholic Church by country - Wikipedia

    The Catholic Church is "the Catholic Communion of Churches, both Roman and Eastern, or Oriental, that are in full communion with the Bishop of Rome." The church is also known by members as the People of God, the Body of Christ, the "Temple of the Holy Spirit", among other names.

  5. Roman Catholicism | History, Definition, & Facts | Britannica

    Roman Catholicism, Christian church that has been the decisive spiritual force in the history of Western civilization. Along with Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism, it is one of the three major branches of Christianity. Learn about the history, doctrines, and influence of the Roman Catholic Church.

  6. Catholicism is the traditions and beliefs of Catholic Churches. It refers to their theology, liturgy, morals and spirituality. The term usually refers to churches, both western and eastern, that are in full communion with the Holy See. In 2012, there were more than 1.1 billion Catholics worldwide. This makes up more than 17% of the world ...

  7. Category:Roman Catholicism - Simple English Wikipedia, the ...

    Pages in category "Roman Catholicism" The following 38 pages are in this category, out of 38 total.

  8. Catholic Church - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    The leader of the Roman Catholic Church is called the Pope, which literally means "father". Catholics say Jesus Christ established the Catholic Church, and appointed the first Pope, a disciple of his named Saint Peter, to lead all Christians. Over the last 2,000 years, different Popes have led the church.

  9. Catholicism - Wikipedia

    Catholicism haes twa main meanins, described in Webster's Dictionar as: . 1) "the faith o the Roman Catholic Kirk, or adherence tharetil."; 2) "the hail orthodox christian kirk, or adherence tharetil"; an the term comes frae the Greek adjective καθολικός-ή-όν (katholikos), meanin "general" or "universal".

  10. Catholic Kirk - Wikipedia

    The Roman Catholic Church is the lairgest Christian denomination in aw the warld. Ane oot o ilka sax humans belangs this church. It is lead bi the Pape an it haes ower ae billion follaers un da auld t'eeder. Accordin tae Catholics, the verra first Pape wis St. Peter that wis made Pape bi Jesus himsel.

  11. Catholic Church in Ukraine - Wikipedia

    The Roman Catholic Church in the territories of modern Ukraine has been strongly associated with Poland and Poles, but the church has emphasized a Ukrainian identity since the nation's independence from the Soviet Union.