Silesia is split into two main subregions, Lower Silesiain the west and Upper Silesiain the east. Silesia has a diverse culture, including architecture, costumes, cuisine, traditions, and the Silesian language. Silesia is along the OderRiver, with the Sudeten Mountainsextending across the southern border.
In 1919, as part of the Free State of Prussiawithin Weimar Germany, Silesia was divided into the provinces of Upper Silesiaand Lower Silesia. Silesia was reunified briefly from 1 April 1938 to 27 January 1941 as a province of Nazi Germanybefore being divided back into Upper Silesia and Lower Silesia.
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The first known states in Silesia were those of Greater Moravia and Bohemia. In the 10th century, Mieszko I incorporated Silesia into Civitas Schinesghe, a Polish state. It remained part of Poland until the Fragmentation of Poland. Afterwards it was divided between Piast dukes, descendants of Władysław II the Exile, High Duke of Poland.
Austrian Silesia consisted of two territories, separated by the Moravian land strip of Moravská Ostrava between the Ostravice and Oder rivers.
- Administrative division
- Culture, language and religion
Cieszyn Silesia, Těšín Silesia or Teschen Silesia is a historical region in south-eastern Silesia, centered on the towns of Cieszyn and Český Těšín and bisected by the Olza River. Since 1920 it has been divided between Poland and Czechoslovakia, and later the Czech Republic. It covers an area of about 2,280 square kilometres and has about 810,000 inhabitants, of which 1,002 square kilometres is in Poland, while 1,280 square kilometres is in the Czech Republic. The historical...
From an administrative point of view, the Polish part of Cieszyn Silesia lies within the Silesian Voivodeship and comprises Cieszyn County, the western part of Bielsko County, and the western part of the town of Bielsko-Biała. The Czech part lies within the Moravian-Silesian Region and comprises the Karviná District, the eastern part of the Frýdek-Místek District, and the eastern parts of the Ostrava-City District and of the city of Ostrava itself.
Cieszyn Silesia covers the area of the former Duchy of Teschen, which existed from 1290 to 1918. Before 1290 the area constituted a castellany, which together with Castellany of Racibórz formed the Duchy of Racibórz in 1172. From 1202 it was a part of the united Duchy of Opole and Racibórz. From 1290 to 1653 the Duchy of Teschen was ruled by the local branch of the Piast dynasty. In 1327 Casimir I, Duke of Cieszyn, swore homage to the Bohemian king John of Bohemia, and the duchy became ...
The region is separated from the rest of Silesia by the Vistula river and from the region of Lesser Poland by the Biała river and Barania Góra mountain, the highest peak of the Polish part of the region at 1,220 metres. The highest peak of the region is Lysá hora in the Czech part. The region also borders Slovakia, along the Polom mountain range and Jablunkov Pass at Mosty u Jablunkova, and Czech Moravia across the rivers Ostravice and Oder. Geographically, the area of Cieszyn Silesia is ...
Cieszyn Silesia as a region consolidated in the 19th century, which later became a discrete eastern part of Austrian Silesia, crownland of the Cisleithanian part of Austria-Hungary, which helped to form a distinct local identity based on language, religious and ethnic pluralism, and distinctiveness from other parts of Silesia. The region was inhabited by several ethnic groups. Most numerous were Poles, Czechs, Germans and Jews. The northern part, strongly industrialised and urbanised, is more de
While not today an administrative entity in itself, Czech Silesia is, together with Bohemia and Moravia, one of the three historical Czech lands. In this context, it is often mentioned simply as "Silesia", even though it is only around one tenth of the area of the historic land of Silesia.
The German-speaking inhabitants of Silesia are thought to be descendants of settlers from Upper Lusatia, Saxony, Thuringia and Franconia who first arrived in Silesia (back then part of Piast Poland) in the 13th century. By migration over the Sudetes, the language spread to neighboring regions of Bohemia.
- (undated figure of 12,000 in Poland), 11,000 in the Czech Republic (2001 census)
- Germany, Poland, Czech Republic
Silésia (região) Silésia (em polaco Śląsk, em silesiano Ślůnsk, em alemão Schlesien, em checo Slezsko) é uma região histórica dividida entre a Polônia, a Chéquia (Tchéquia) e a Alemanha. A Silésia é uma importante zona industrial da Polônia e da Chéquia.