Venezuela (/ ˌ v ɛ n ə ˈ z w eɪ l ə /; American Spanish: [beneˈswela] ()), officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and many islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea.
In Venezuela, nominally a province of Gran Colombia, José Antonio Páez, backed by the former mantuanos (and now by the ruling clique in Caracas), initiated the separation of Venezuela in 1826. Bolívar returned post-haste to Bogotá, where vice-president Santander complained about Venezuelan insubordination.
Venezuela ha ocupado un sitial en el Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU en cuatro ocasiones, en los períodos de 1962 a 1963, de 1977 a 1978, de 1986 a 1987, de 1992 a 1993 y de 2015 a 2016.  En 2006 se postuló sin resultar electa. Venezuela posee un largo historial de reivindicaciones territoriales con Guyana y con Colombia.
Venezuela's modern history was shaped by a number of people, including President Romulo Betancourt, who replaced a military dictatorship with a democracy. By the 1970s, Venezuela had become rich off of oil revenue, but it had problems in the 1980s and 1990s. In 1999 Hugo Chávez became president and tried to remake Venezuela as a socialist ...
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The economy of Venezuela is based largely on the petroleum and manufacturing sectors and has been in a state of total economic collapse since the mid-2010s. Venezuela is the sixth largest member of OPEC by oil production.
Venezuela's reliance on imported goods and the complicated exchange rates initiated under Chávez led to increasing shortages during the late 2000s and into the 2010s that affected the availability of medicines and medical equipment in the country. Associated Press says the government stopped publishing medical statistics in 2010.
- 2 June 2010 — ongoing, (10 years, 10 months, 3 weeks and 1 day)
- Parties and leaders
The politics of Venezuela occurs in a framework explained in Government of Venezuela. Venezuela has a dominant-party system, dominated by the United Socialist Party of Venezuela amidst other parties listed in the following section. The governing United Socialist Party of Venezuela was created in 2007, uniting a number of smaller parties supporting Hugo Chávez's Bolivarian Revolution with Chávez's Fifth Republic Movement. PSUV and its forerunners have held the Presidency and National...
United Socialist Party of Venezuela or PSUV –, partially recognized. Up to 60 countries, including United States and the European Union have recognized Juan Guaidó as the President of Venezuela. As of 2021, the European Union no longer recognizes Juan Guiadó as interim ...
Venezuela abolished the death penalty in 1863, making it the country where this practice has been outlawed the longest.
Venezuela elects at a national level the President of Venezuela as head of state and head of government and a unicameral federal legislature. The President of Venezuela is elected for a six-year term by direct election plurality voting and is eligible for re-election since the 2009 Venezuelan constitutional referendum The National Assembly has 165 members, elected for five-year terms. Elections also take place at state level and local level.
Say [ˌvɛnɪˈzweɪlə]; Espaniol: Venezuela, IPA: [beneˈswela]), sakey ya dalin ya wadyad baybay na Abalaten America. Kabay na Venezuela so bansan Brazil ed abalaten, Guyana ed bokig, san Colombia diad sagor. Diad baybay na gilig na dayat na Venezuela naanap so saray kapuloan na Aruba, Netherlands Antilles, san Trinidad and Tobago.DateLocal NameEnglish NameRemarksDía de Año NuevoBeginning of the Civil YearDía de ReyesChristian feast, the visit of the three ...Monday and Tuesday before Ash WednesdayCarnaval-From Palm Sunday to EasterSemana SantaCommemoration of the Passion and ...
Hyperinflation in Venezuela is the currency instability in Venezuela that began in 2016 during the country's ongoing socioeconomic and political crisis. Venezuela began experiencing continuous and uninterrupted inflation in 1983, with double-digit annual inflation rates.
- Government policies, price controls, corruption, currency devaluations, heavy money-printing, and deficit government spending
- Continuous wage increases, unemployment, rising prices in goods, redenomination of the Venezuelan bolívar fuerte to the bolívar soberano, decrease of tax revenues and shortages of foreign currency reserves and goods