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Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant. It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. Solanum species show a wide range of growing habits, such as annual and perennials, vines, subshrubs, shrubs, and small trees. Many formerly independent genera like Lycopersicon and Cyphomandra are now included
Detail of the flowers of Solanum dulcamara, one of the nearly 800 accepted taxa that make up the genus Solanum (Solanaceae), along with economically important species such as the potato (S. tuberosum), the tomato (S. lycopersicum) and the aubergine (S. melongena). This is a list of species in the plant genus Solanum.
The major species grown worldwide is Solanum tuberosum (a tetraploid with 48 chromosomes), and modern varieties of this species are the most widely cultivated.There are also four diploid species (with 24 chromosomes): S. stenotomum, S. phureja, S. goniocalyx, and S. ajanhuiri.
Apr 04, 2018 · The Solanum family of plants is a large genus under the family umbrella of Solanaceae that includes up to 2,000 species, ranging from food crops, such as the potato and the tomato, to various ornamentals and medicinal species. The following entails interesting information about the Solanum genus and types of Solanum plants.
Solanum chenopodioides: BLACK NIGHTSHADE: Solanum citrullifolium: WATERMELON NIGHTSHADE: Solanum dimidiatum: WESTERN HORSENETTLE: Solanum diphyllum: TWOLEAF NIGHTSHADE: Solanum donianum: MULLEIN NIGHTSHADE: Solanum dulcamara: CLIMBING NIGHTSHADE: Solanum elaeagnifolium: SILVERLEAF NIGHTSHADE; WHITE HORSENETTLE: Solanum erianthum: POTATOTREE: Solanum glaucophyllum
Nightshade, (genus Solanum), genus of about 2,300 species of flowering plants in the nightshade family (Solanaceae).
Genus Solanum L. – nightshade P: Species Solanum lycopersicum L. – garden tomato P : Contains 2 Varieties and 2 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Variety Solanum lycopersicum L. var. cerasiforme (Dunal) Spooner, G.J. Anderson & R.K. Jansen – garden tomato P: Variety Solanum lycopersicum L. var. lycopersicum – garden tomato P
In 1753, Linnaeus placed the tomato in the genus Solanum (alongside the potato) as Solanum lycopersicum. In 1768, Philip Miller moved it to its own genus, naming it Lycopersicon esculentum .  This name came into wide use, but was technically in breach of the plant naming rules because Linnaeus's species name lycopersicum still had priority.
Aug 22, 2020 · Solanum is a very diverse genus of plants that include nightshades and horse nettles. It also includes both annual and perennial plants, vines, shrubs, and small trees. While most parts of these plants are considered poisonous to humans, especially the foliage and berries, many species have actually been used as medicinal plants.