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Jul 30, 2020 · Bollywood, a portmanteau of "Hollywood" and "Bombay" (the former name of Mumbai), refers to the Hindi-language sector of India's movie-making industry, still based in Mumbai. Bollywood is the largest sector of India's film industry, accounting for a third of movie tickets sold in India in 2020 , and 44% of net box office revenue .
- Elena Nicolaou
Hindi cinema, often known as Bollywood and formerly as Bombay cinema, is the Indian Hindi -language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). The term is a portmanteau of "Bombay" and " Hollywood ".
Bollywood, Hindi-language sector of the Indian moviemaking industry that began in Bombay (now Mumbai) in the 1930s and developed into an enormous film empire. After early Indian experiments in silent film, in 1934 Bombay Talkies, launched by Himansu Rai, spearheaded the growth of Indian cinema.
The subject of language is a very complex one in India. India is a cacophany of languages. More than 1500 films get produced in India in about 20 different languages.
- Hindi vs. Urdū
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The name Hindi is of Persian origin. The Persians used it to refer to the Indian people and to the languages they spoke. Scholars postulate that Hindi developed in the 8th-10th centuries from khari boli, the speech around Dehli which was adopted by the Moslem invaders to communicate with the local population. Eventually, it developed into a variety called Urdū (from Turkish ordu ‘camp’), characterized by numerous borrowings from Persian and Arabic, which became a literary language. In the meantime, the language of the indigenous population remained relatively free of borrowings from Persian and Arabic, and instead borrowed words and literary conventions from Sanskrit. This language became Hindi. As a result of these different influences, Hindi is written in the Devanagari script and draws much of its vocabulary from Sanskrit, while Urdū is written in the Perso-Arabicscript and draws a great deal of its lexicon from Persian and Arabic. The two languages also differ in a number of rel...
Hindi is the primary official language of the Union government of India. It is the primary tongue of about a third of India’s 1.09 billion people. Hindi became the official language of India in 1965, although the Constitution of India also recognizes English plus 21 other official languages. After the Independence of India from Britain in 1947, the Government of India undertook the standardization of the language. In 1958, ‘A Basic Grammar of Modern Hindi’ was published as a result of the work of a government-appointed committee. Hindi spelling was standardized, and a standardized system of transcribing the Devanagarialphabet was devised.
There are many regional varieties of spoken Hindi. Literary Hindi has 4 varieties: High Hindi, Nagari Hindi, Literary Hindi, and standard Hindi.
The sound system of Hindi is fairly typical of Indo-Aryan languages.
Hindi is a highly inflected language which utilizes prefixes and suffixes to form words and to express grammatical relations. Hindi uses postpositions, rather than prepositions to express various case relationships. Postpositions require that the nouns be used in the oblique case.
Due to the influence of Hinduism, Hindi derives most of its high-level vocabulary from Sanskrit. As a result of the Moslem influence in Northern India, Hindi also has many Persian, Arabic and Turkish loanwords. Due to the influence of Islam, Urdu vocabulary has a greater percentage of loanwords from Persian and Arabic than does the vocabulary of Hindi. Here are a few common Hindi phrases in transcription and in Devanāgarī. Below are Hindi numerals 0-10 in transcription.
Hindi words in English English has borrowed a number of words from Hindi. Among them are these familiar ones:
Oct 09, 2019 · By Victor Kiprop on October 9 2019 in World Facts. The words "Hindi language" written in Hindi on a blackboard. The Hindi language is the official language of India and a recognized minority language in the United Arab Emirates. It is a first language to about 425 million people and a second language to 120 million.
The Indian constitution recognizes 22 official languages: Bengali, Hindi, Maithili, Nepalese, Sanskrit, Tamil, Urdu, Assamese, Dogri, Kannada, Gujarati, Bodo, Manipur (also known as Meitei), Oriya, Marathi, Santali, Telugu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Malayalam, Konkani and Kashmiri.
Article 343 of the Indian constitution stated that the official language of the Union is Hindi in Devanagari script instead of the extant English. Later, a constitutional amendment, The Official Languages Act, 1963, allowed for the continuation of English alongside Hindi in the Indian government indefinitely until legislation decides to change it.
- English – 200 million (L2 speakers 2003)
- Indo-Pakistani Sign Language, Alipur Sign Language, Naga Sign Language (extinct)