Canadian Forces Station Alert, also CFS Alert, is a Canadian Armed Forces signals intelligence intercept facility located in Alert, Nunavut, Canada, on the northeastern tip of Ellesmere Island. Located in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, it is the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world.
- September 1, 1958
- 30 m (100 ft)
- Geographic Environment of CFS Alert
Eureka, located on Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, is at 80° north latitude, about 400 km south of CFS Alert, making it the second most northerly permanently inhabited location in the world. Eureka consists of an airport, "Fort Eureka" (quarters for military personnel maintaining communications equipment), and an ECCC weather station. It was established approximately 70 years ago as part of the Canada-United States (U.S.) network of post-war Arctic weather stations.
CFS Alert is situated on the north-eastern tip of Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago in the territory of Nunavut. It is found at 82° 30' North latitude, and 62° 19' West longitude. This is approximately the same longitude as Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. CFS Alert is 817 km from the geographic North Pole. The closest settlement is Grise Fjord, located about 725 km to the south. The ECCC weather station at Eureka is about 400 km to the south. Although Edmonton, Alberta is the nearest Canadian city at 3,475 km, Stockholm, Sweden is closer at just 3,282 km away. CFS Alert is always on Ottawa time, either Eastern Standard or Eastern Daylight Saving Time. The often-photographed signposts at Alert portray other distances from Alert, including:
The terrain in the vicinity of CFS Alert is rugged and undulating with hills and valleys. The U.S. mountain range is visible to the west, and on a clear day the peaks and cliffs of Greenland can be seen 56 km to the south-east. Pack ice is usually present offshore during summer and is frozen solid from shore to horizon in winter. The coastline is irregular with many small inlets, bays, and points of land. The rocks in the area consist almost exclusively of slate and shale, which break down easily, forming ravines and canyons in the plateau regions and stony clay along the coast. In summer, the shale disintegrates to a very fine penetrating dust and the ground thaws in some places to a depth of one meter, under which permafrost is found. Although the soil is poor and growing conditions are extremely harsh, more than 70 species of plants are found in the area. Vegetation manages to exist in the lee of hills and cracks in the ground and, during most of July and August, many miniature f...
The most noticeable differences in the environment compared to southern Canada are the periods of full daylight and full darkness, lower ambient temperatures, and lower annual precipitation. From approximately April 8 to September 5, there is absolutely no night time. At the peak of summer, the sun revolves around the horizon, rising no higher than about 30° above the horizon at noon, and dipping to about 16° above the horizon at midnight. From October 10 to March 1, there is no direct sunlight, and between these two extremes there is a fairly rapid transition period, which takes approximately six weeks. During the summer months, CFS Alert experiences about 28 frost-free days. The temperature rises to an average daily high of approximately 10° Celsius, with 20° Celsius being the record high. In July, the warmest month, the daily mean is 4° Celsius. During the winter, the temperature typically hovers around -40° Celsius for an extended period; the record low is -50° Celsius. Severe s...
Canadian Forces Station Alert Main article: CFS Alert Since the beginning of the JAWS project, the Canadian Armed Forces had been interested in the establishment at Alert for several reasons: the JAWS facility extended Canadian sovereignty over a large uninhabited area which Canada claimed as its sovereign territory, and furthermore, its ...
- April 9, 1950
- 100 ft (30 m)
- Qikiqtaaluk Region
On February 1, 1968 the Unification of the RCN, RCAF and Canadian Army to form the Canadian Armed Forces caused Alert Wireless change its name to Canadian Forces Station Alert (CFS Alert). Now , its personnel were no longer drawn from the air force or navy, but rather from the Canadian Forces Supplementary System.
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canadian forces station alert, canada Official blazon Perted per pale sable and or, above a base indented of four argent, parted dancetty fess-wise of two azure and charged with two barrulets wavy argent, a muskox head affronté erased or.
Canadian Forces Station Alert Project Description CFS Alert is a military communications station within the Department of National Defence located in Nunavut on the eastern tip of Ellesmere Island.
Jul 22, 2020 · Members of 436 Transport Squadron conducted an airdrop of supplies at Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert on June 22, 2020. The squadron used a container delivery system and a CC-130J Hercules to drop a training load without needing to land on the Arctic runway at the northeast tip of Ellesmere Island.
On September 1, 1958, Alert began its operational role as a signals intelligence unit of the Canadian Forces. At that time, it became the Alert Wireless Station and was under the command of the Canadian Army. On April 1, 2009, the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) took command of CFS Alert.
Operation BOXTOP is a Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) mission to bring supplies to Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert. CFS Alert is remote, located on the northeast tip of Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, just 817 km from the North Pole.
Members of the fire brigade at Canadian Forces Station Alert speak with Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan during a recent trip to the station in Nunavut. (Mario De Ciccio/Radio-Canada ) comments