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    • When was the Baptistery of Parma Cathedral built?

      • Architecturally, the baptistery of Parma Cathedral marks a transition between the Romanesque and Gothic styles, and it is considered to be among the most important Medieval monuments in Europe. The city council of Parma commissioned Benedetto Antelami to build the baptistery in 1196. The outside of pink Verona marble is octagonal.
  1. The Baptistery of Parma (Italian: Battistero di Parma) is a religious edifice in Parma, northern Italy.Architecturally, the baptistery of Parma Cathedral marks a transition between the Romanesque and Gothic styles, and it is considered to be among the most important Medieval monuments in Europe.

  2. Built between 1196 ad 1307, the pink marble Baptistery is a clear example of the transition from Romanesque to Gothic art in Italy. This octagonal baptistery built of Verona marble with four tiers of open loggias topped by a row of blind arches and crowning pinnacles, is certainly the most outstanding example of the transition from Romanesque to Gothic art in Italy.

  3. Designed by Benedetto Antelami, and built between 1196 and 1216, the Baptistery of Parma is one of the most important monuments of the transition from Romanesque to early Gothic architecture. The octagonal structure, in pink Verona marble, includes four tiers of open loggias with architraved portals.

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  5. Geographical position: Parma, Emilia Romagna, Italy Location: Latitude 44º 48´ 10˝ N, longitude 10º 19´ 50˝ E. Elevation 62m above mean sea level. General description: The Baptistery of Parma is a religious building in Parma, located adjacent to the Cathedral. It is one of the most important medieval monuments in Europe.

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    Geographical position InfoTheme: Medieval astronomy in Europe Entity: 32 Subentity: 1 Version: 1 Status: PUB Date: 2011-08-22 11:08:01 Author(s): Manuela Incerti

    Parma, Emilia Romagna, Italy

    Location InfoTheme: Medieval astronomy in Europe Entity: 32 Subentity: 1 Version: 2 Status: PUB Date: 2012-04-30 12:59:02 Author(s): Manuela Incerti with contributions by Clive Ruggles

    Latitude 44° 48′ 10″ N, longitude 10° 19′ 50″ E. Elevation 62m above mean sea level.

    General description InfoTheme: Medieval astronomy in Europe Entity: 32 Subentity: 1 Version: 5 Status: PUB Date: 2017-11-07 15:16:20 Author(s): Manuela Incerti with contributions by Clive Ruggles

    The Baptistery of Parma is a religious building in Parma, located adjacent to the Cathedral. It is one of the most important medieval monuments in Europe.

    Present use InfoTheme: Medieval astronomy in Europe Entity: 32 Subentity: 1 Version: 1 Status: PUB Date: 2011-08-22 11:08:01 Author(s): Manuela Incerti

    The baptistery is a church building, the property of the Diocese of Parma.

    State of conservation InfoTheme: Medieval astronomy in Europe Entity: 32 Subentity: 1 Version: 1 Status: PUB Date: 2011-08-22 11:08:01 Author(s): Manuela Incerti

    The building is well preserved. The most recent restoration works were undertaken in 1988–92 (interior paintings and exterior marble) under the direction of the Ministero Beni Culturali (MIBAC).

    Protection InfoTheme: Medieval astronomy in Europe Entity: 32 Subentity: 1 Version: 1 Status: PUB Date: 2011-08-22 11:08:01 Author(s): Manuela Incerti

    The site falls under the protection of national and municipal legislation concerning cultural heritage, respectively Decree n. 42/2004 (Codice per i beni culturali ed il paesaggio) and the Town Planning–Municipal Plan of Operation, which guarantees the conservation of its historic and artistic features.

    Bibliography (books and published articles) InfoTheme: Medieval astronomy in Europe Entity: 32 Subentity: 1 Version: 2 Status: PUB Date: 2012-04-30 13:05:41 Author(s): Manuela Incerti with contribu...

    1. Incerti M. (2001). ’Architettura sacra medioevale ed archeoastronomia‘, in L’Uomo Antico e il Cosmo, edited by F. Bertola, G. Romano and E. Proverbio, pp. 346-384. Rome: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (Atti dei Convegni Lincei, 171). 2. Incerti M. (2001). ’Antiche geometrie solari nel Battistero di Parma‘, Arte Cristiana805, 293-306.

  6. The baptistery is a special room next to the temple for performing the rite of baptism. Baptisteries were built in the early Christian era specifically to baptize a large number of people. The baptistery is an octagonal tower faced with pink marble. The building was built by Benedetto Antelami in 1196-1260 in the Romano-Gothic style.

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    • Piazza Duomo 7/a, 43121
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