Etymology. The word "elephant" is based on the Latin elephas (genitive elephantis) ("elephant"), which is the Latinised form of the Greek ἐλέφας (elephas) (genitive ἐλέφαντος (elephantos), probably from a non-Indo-European language, likely Phoenician.
- African Bush Elephant
The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), also known...
- Asian Elephant
The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), also known as the...
Stegodontidae is an extinct family of Stegodon-like...
- African Bush Elephant
- Physical Description
- Other Websites
There are two living genera of elephants. These are the African Loxodonta africanus, and the Asian elephants Elephas maximus.
Elephants are distantly related to sea cows, which are large aquatic mammals. Early ancestors in the Palaeocene and Eocene were small, semi-aquatic animals. By the Miocene several groups of large mainly forest-dwelling elephants evolved, the gomphotheres and deinotheres. Their teeth show little wear, indicating a diet of soft, nongritty, forest vegetation. Modern elephants – the actual family Elephantidae – evolved from gomphotheres as the climate became cooler and drier in the Pliocene and Pleistocene. This includes the mammoth and mastodonas well as modern elephants. The gomphotheres lasted a long time, and were hunted by modern man. There was a change in plant resources, with the reduced forests and extended grassland. This favoured specialist grass feeders over generalist eaters. This change in the dietary supply was one of the factors which forced gomphotheres toward extinction in the late Pleistocene in South America. The remaining population probably succumbed to climatic cha...
Humans have used elephants for different things. The Carthaginian general Hannibal took some elephants across the Alps when he fought the Romans. He probably used the North African elephant, a kind of elephant that does not live today. It was smaller than other African elephants. Elephants are used by tourists as rides. People have used Indian elephants to move around and to have fun. Many circuses have them. Siamese, Indians, and other South Asians used them for several things. They fought in armies, and they crushed criminals. They also did heavy work like lifting trees and moving logs. However, people have never domesticated elephants. Domesticated animals are tame and have babies under human control. The male elephant in heat is dangerous and hard to control. This state is called musth. Most elephants used by people are female, except those used in war. In a battle, female elephants run from males, so armies needed males. Elephants are used by tourists for riding.Loxodonta: African elephantsGenus Elephas: Eurasian elephants
A female elephant will have a single baby (called a "calf") every four or five years. Calves are born 85 cm (33 in) tall and weigh around 120 kg (260 lb).An elephant's gestation lasts about 22 months. Another female elephant often stays with the new mother until its baby is born. The newborn elephant can often stand within a half hour after it is born. Mother elephants touch their babies gently with their trunks. It takes a baby a year or more to control its trunk and learn its many uses. Baby elephants nurse for the first two years of their lives. After it is born, the first thing that the baby does is wobble in search of its mother's milk. It drinks about 10 liters of milk every day.
White elephants are considered holy in Thailand. The most famous fictional elephant is Dumbo. It is a flying elephant in a Disney movie. The Elephant's Child is one of Rudyard Kipling's Just So Stories Ganesha is the god of wisdom in Hinduism. He has an elephant's head. The elephant is the symbol for the United States Republican Party. It is like the Democratic Party's donkey. The first person to use the elephant as a symbol for the Republican Party was Thomas Nast. He did that in a Harper's Weeklycartoon in 1874.
The African elephant (Loxodonta) is a genus comprising two living elephant species, the African bush elephant (L. africana) and the smaller African forest elephant (L. cyclotis). Both are social herbivores with grey skin, but differ in the size and color of their tusks and in the shape and size of their ears and skulls .
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1. Elephant (1989 film), directed by Alan Clarke 2. Elephant (1993 film), a public information film about seat belt use in the UK 3. Elephant (2003 film), directed by Gus Van Sant 4. Elephant (2020 film), a Disney nature documentary
1. Elephant (album), a 2003 album by the White Stripes 2. L'Éléphant, a movement of The Carnival of the Animalsby Saint-Saëns 3. "Elephant" (Alexandra Burke song), a 2012 song by Alexandra Burke 4. "Elephant" (Margaret song), a 2016 song by Margaret 5. "Elephants" (song), a 2008 song by Warpaint 6. "L'Elephant", a song from the album Tom Tom Clubby Tom Tom Club 7. "Elephant", a song from the album 9by Damien Rice 8. "Elephant" (Tame Impala song), a 2012 song by Tame Impala 9. "Elephants", a s...
1. The Elephants(Los Elefantes), a 1948 painting by Salvador Dalí 2. Elephant (short story collection), a 1988 story collection by Raymond Carver
1. Elephant Flats, Signy Island 2. Elephant Island, South Shetland Islands 3. Elephant Moraine, Victoria Land 4. Elephant Point, Livingston Island 5. Elephant Ridge, Alexander Island 6. Elephant Rocks (Antarctica), Palmer Archipelago
1. Elephant Cays, Falkland Islands 2. Elephant Cove, South Georgia 3. Elephant Lagoon, South Georgia 4. Elephant Spit, Heard Island
1. Elephant, Pennsylvania, an unincorporated community 2. Elephant Arch, a sandstone formation in Utah 3. Elephant Mountain (Oxford County, Maine) 4. Elephant Mountain (Piscataquis County, Maine) 5. Elephant Point (Alaska)HMS Elephant, the name of various British Royal Navy shipsOperation Elephant, part of the World War II Battle for the Kapelsche Veerin the NetherlandsElephant (de Camp book), a science book by L. Sprague de CampAll pages with titles containing elephantsAll pages with titles containing elephantHDMS Elefanten, the name of various Royal Danish Navy ships
- Biologie et Comportement
- L'éléphant et L'homme
L'éléphant d'Afrique, qui peut atteindre 7 tonnes, est le plus gros animal terrestre actuel, mais il est loin derrière la Baleine bleue (Balaenoptera musculus) qui peut peser jusqu'à 200 tonnes et dépasser 30 mètres de long.
Les éléphants vivent dans une société matriarcale. Cette structure matriarcale existe depuis plus de sept millions d'années, des empreintes d'une harde d'éléphants de cette époque ayant été découvertes sur une surface de 5 hectares sur le site de Mleisa 1 dans les Émirats arabes unis, faisant de cette piste de mammifères fossile la plus vieille de ce type et probablement la plus longue piste préservée dans le monde. Les troupeaux sont composés d'une dizaine d'éléphantes et de jeunes é...
Le cri de l'éléphant est le barrissement. De récentes études scientifiques ont montré que les éléphants, comme de nombreux animaux, sont sensibles aux infrasons. L'utilité de l'audition de ces infrasons reste cependant mystérieuse. Il semble qu'ils soient capables de communiquer entre eux par les ondes acoustiques de surface transmises par le sol.
Les éléphants peuvent dormir debout ou couchés. Le fait de se coucher indique qu'ils sont parfaitement détendus.
L’éléphant d'Asie et l’éléphant d’Afrique ont longtemps été considérés comme les deux seules espèces représentant la famille des Éléphantidés à l’époque moderne. Depuis, de récentes études génétiques ont permis de distinguer deux sous-espèces africaines distinctes : Loxodonta africana africana (« éléphant de la savane ») et Loxodonta africana cyclotis (« éléphant des forêts »). Les espèces d'Éléphantidés vivant à l’heure actuelle sont donc :
L’extinction Crétacé-Tertiaire est suivie d'une diversification très rapide des ongulés africains, notamment l'ordre des proboscidiens dont les plus anciennes espèces découvertes à ce jour sont Eritherium azzouzorum et Phosphatherium escuilliei, datant de la fin du Paléocène il y a 60 millions d'années. Sans trompe mais avec une première incisive agrandie (rappelant la naissance d'une défense) et des orbites oculaires en position antérieure, ces premiers proboscidiens sont petits et graciles,...
L'augmentation des risques de conflits d'intérêt pour l'habitat avec des populations humaines menace la survie de l'éléphant. Ce conflit tue 150 éléphants et un peu plus de 100 personnes par an au Sri Lanka. Contrairement à son cousin d'Afrique, l'éléphant d'Asie, possède de petites défenses. La disparition de celui-ci est principalement attribuée à la perte de son habitat. De grands morceaux de forêt disparaissent, ce qui touche profondément leur écosystème. Les arbres contribuent à l'an...
La première réserve officielle, Parc national Kruger, est peut-être la plus connue des réserves et celle ayant obtenu le plus grand succès. Cependant, de nombreux problèmes sont apparus depuis sa création. Les clôtures de la réserve ont coupé de nombreux animaux de leur alimentation en hiver ou de leurs zones de reproduction au printemps. Certains animaux sont morts, alors que d'autres comme les éléphants ont démoli les clôtures, entraînant des ravages dans les champs voisins. Lorsque les...
Utilisation par l'Homme
Les éléphants en captivité (en) sont utilisés ou exhibés dans les cirques, ménageries (tel Abul-Abbas, l'éléphant blanc de Charlemagne et Hanno, celui du pape Léon X) et zoos (tel le célèbre Jumbo). On ne peut pas parler à leur égard de domestication car le cycle de vie de l'éléphant est trop long pour que cela soit économiquement rentable par rapport à une capture d'individus sauvages, la phase précédant la maturité sexuelle de l'animal durant plus de 10 ans. Utilisé comme animal de trai...
1. Bouse d'éléphant 2. Intelligence animale 3. Éléphant de guerre 4. Hanno 5. Liste d'éléphants de fiction 6. Ordre de l’Éléphant 7. Mammouphant 8. Braconnage 9. Éléphant rose
1. (en) Référence Mammal Species of the World (3e éd., 2005) : Elephas maximus [archive] 2. (fr+en) Référence ITIS : genre Loxodonta Cuvier, 1825[archive] (+ version anglaise[archive]) 3. (en) Référence Animal Diversity Web : Elephas maximus[archive] 4. (en) Référence UICN : espèce Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758[archive] 5. (en) Référence NCBI : genre Loxodonta[archive] (taxons inclus[archive]) 6. (en) Référence Fonds documentaire ARKive[archive] : Loxodonta africana [archive] 7. (en) Référen...
1. Analyse des instruments internationaux de lutte contre le trafic et le braconnage des espèces menacées en Afrique centrale : le cas de l'éléphant et du gorille[archive] 2. « Physiologie de l'éléphant »[archive], sur elephants.free.fr 3. Un dossier sur l'éléphant chez Futura-Sciences[archive] 4. « Chang Nam : La légende des éléphants nains aquatiques en Thaïlande »[archive], sur magiedubouddha.com 1. Portail des mammifères
Elephant is a 2003 American psychological drama film written, directed, and edited by Gus Van Sant. It takes place in the fictional Watt High School, in the suburbs of Portland, Oregon, and chronicles the events surrounding a school shooting, based in part on the 1999 Columbine High School massacre. The film begins a short time before the shooting occurs, following the lives of several characters both in and out of school, who are unaware of what is about to unfold. The film stars mostly new or
At the start of the film, John McFarland is being driven to school by his father, who is driving erratically down the road. Noticing the damage done to the car, John realizes that his father is drunk and makes him move to the passenger seat so he can drive. When John arrives at school late, he is reprimanded by the principal, Mr. Luce. The majority of the film is spent following several high school students going about their daily lives just before a school shooting. In addition to John, who str
The film began as a documentary that Van Sant had intended to make about the Columbine High School massacre; eventually, the idea of a factual account was dropped. Elephant was filmed in Van Sant's hometown, Portland, Oregon, in late 2002, on the former campus of Whitaker Middle School. Whitaker was closed by the Portland Public Schools in 2001 due to structural problems and safety concerns with the school building. The Whitaker/Adams building, completed in 1969, was torn down in 2007. There was
The film competed at the Cannes Film Festival in May 2003. Van Sant claimed audiences in attendance at Cannes argued over its quality, leading to altercations. Elephant premiered in North America at a benefit for the Outside In youth shelter at the Arlene Schnitzer Concert Hall, in Portland, Oregon, on Saturday, October 4, 2003, with several teenagers who appeared in the film in attendance. The film was released for incremental distribution by HBO in 38 theaters in the United States, beginning O
Elephant received mainly positive reviews from critics and has a score of 73% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 160 reviews with an average rating of 7.07/10. The critical consensus states "The movie's spare and unconventional style will divide viewers." The film also has a score of 70
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- Composition and lyrics
- Critical reception
- Chart performance
"Elephant" is a song by British singer Alexandra Burke from her second studio album Heartbreak on Hold. It features Colombian-American DJ Erick Morillo, who co-wrote the song with Burke, Britt Burton, Josh Wilkinson, Harry Romero, and Jose Nuñez. The song was produced by Morillo, Romero and Nuñez under their stage name Sympho Nympho, and Mike Spencer. It was released in the United Kingdom on 11 March 2012 as the album's lead single. The song was released as Burke's debut single in the...
After Burke finished her concert tour called the All Night Long Tour, in support of her debut studio album Overcome, the singer revealed that she would be "getting down and dirty" and that her future music would be a lot more "fiercer and sexier". In January 2012, Burke revealed that "Elephant" was supposed to be played in nightclubs from December 2011, but it did not happen. The singer said that she wanted the remix to be played in nightclubs and bars by DJs first and then to release it to the
When asked about how the collaboration with DJ and producer Erick Morillo came to be, Burke revealed that he had heard the remix of "Elephant" and stated that he "wanted to get on board." After Burke returned from a writing camp in the United States, her record label and management contacted Morillo and asked him if he would like to be involved with the song, to which he said yes within 24 hours. Burke revealed that she could not believe that he accepted their request and she described the proce
Burke revealed that both musically and lyrically, "Elephant" is "very different" to the rest of the songs on Heartbreak on Hold. It is a 90s and club music-inspired song. In an interview with Digital Spy, the singer explained the meaning of the lyrics, saying "everyone has been through something in relationships; whether it be with a loved one, a partner or family members where something needs to be discussed - and I've been through that situation. I thought why not, let's do a song about ...
Lewis Corner of DigitalSpy gave the song three out of five stars writing, "Like all good starters, the intro is a perfectly-sized portion of thumping beats and slick synths that leads into an even tastier main course. "You wanna talk, you wanna talk about it?/ There's an elephant in the room," Alex admits before a '90s handbag house chorus courtesy of Erick Morillo ensues. However, the overall flavour is marred by an over-seasoning of Auto-Tune; and the final breakdown? Well, it's about as satis
"Elephant" debuted at number seven in Ireland on 16 March 2012, becoming Burke's sixth top 10 hit in the country. In the United Kingdom, the song debuted at number three on the UK Singles Chart. It is her sixth top 10 hit in the UK. The following week the song fell to number twelve, selling 21,618 copies. The song debuted at number two in Scotland, becoming her seventh consecutive top 10 single in that territory. In June 2012, "Elephant" reached Number 9 in Bolivia and Number 71 in Slovenia.
- 9 March 2012
- External Links
Elephant Family partner with local NGOs across Asiato raise local awareness and to support sustainable in-a country conservation projects. The NGOs include: 1. Asian Elephant Specialist Group 2. Cambodia Elephant Conservation Group 3. Compass Films 4. Danau Girang Field Centre 5. Elephant Conservation Network 6. Fauna & Flora International 7. Grow Back for Posterity 8. Hutan 9. IFAW 10. IUCNI 11. Nature Conservation Foundation 12. The DodoBase 13. The Golden Triangle Asian Elephant Foundation 14. Vesswic 15. Veterinary Society for Sumatran Wildlife Conservation 16. Wildlife Conservation Society 17. Wildlife Protection Society of India 18. Wildlife Trust of India 19. World Land Trust 20. Wildlife Society of Odisha"Elephant Family, registered charity no. 1091671". Charity Commission for England and Wales.
- The parable
The parable of the blind men and an elephant originated in the ancient Indian subcontinent, from where it has been widely diffused. It is a story of a group of blind men who have never come across an elephant before and who learn and conceptualize what the elephant is like by touching it. Each blind man feels a different part of the elephant's body, but only one part, such as the side or the tusk. They then describe the elephant based on their limited experience and their descriptions of the ele
The earliest versions of the parable of blind men and elephant is found in Buddhist, Hindu and Jain texts, as they discuss the limits of perception and the importance of complete context. The parable has several Indian variations, but broadly goes as follows: A group of blind men heard that a strange animal, called an elephant, had been brought to the town, but none of them were aware of its shape and form. Out of curiosity, they said: "We must inspect and know it by touch, of which we are capab
The Rigveda, dated to have been composed between 1500 and 1200 BCE, states "Reality is one, though wise men speak of it variously." According to Paul J. Griffiths, this premise is the foundation of universalist perspective behind the parable of the blind men and an elephant. The hymn asserts that the same reality is subject to interpretations and described in various ways by the wise. In the oldest version, four blind men walk into a forest where they meet an elephant. In this version, they do n
The medieval era Jain texts explain the concepts of anekāntavāda and syādvāda with the parable of the blind men and an elephant, which addresses the manifold nature of truth. For example, this parable is found in Tattvarthaslokavatika of Vidyanandi and Syādvādamanjari of Ācārya Mallisena. Mallisena uses the parable to argue that immature people deny various aspects of truth; deluded by the aspects they do understand, they deny the aspects they don't understand. "Due to extreme ...
The Buddha twice uses the simile of blind men led astray. The earliest known version occurs in the text Udana 6.4.
The Persian Sufi poet Sanai of Ghazni presented this teaching story in his The Walled Garden of Truth. Rumi, the 13th Century Persian poet and teacher of Sufism, included it in his Masnavi. In his retelling, "The Elephant in the Dark", some Hindus bring an elephant to be exhibited in a dark room. A number of men touch and feel the elephant in the dark and, depending upon where they touch it, they believe the elephant to be like a water spout, a fan, a pillar and a throne. Rumi uses this story as