Algeria (/ æ l ˈ dʒ ɪər i ə / al-JEER-ee-ə, Arabic: الجزائر al-Jazā'ir), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. The capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the far north of the country on the Mediterranean coast.
Much of the history of Algeria has taken place on the fertile coastal plain of North Africa, which is often called the Maghreb. North Africa served as a transit region for people moving towards Europe or the Middle East, thus, the region's inhabitants have been influenced by populations from other areas, including the Carthaginians, Romans, and Vandals. The region was conquered by the Muslims in the early 8th century AD, but broke off from the Umayyad Caliphate after the Berber Revolt of 740. La
Algeria was unique to France because unlike all other overseas possessions acquired by France during the 19th century, Algeria was considered and legally classified to be an integral part of France. Algerian Nationalism [ edit ]
- 1 November 1954 – 19 March 1962, (7 years, 4 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
- French Algeria
Algeria, virgálávt Algeria demokraatlâš aalmugtäsiväldi, lii staatâ Afrikâst. Ton uáivikaavpug lii Alger. Algeria vijđodâh lii 2,4 miljovn km², já tobbeen ääsih suulân 41 miljovn olmožid. Virgáliih kielah Algeriast láá kyehti: arabiakielâ já berberkielâ. Toi lasseen ranskakielâ lii ennuv kiävtust.
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Algeria, official naam People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, North Africa ke ek des hae. Ii Mediterranean sea ke border kare waala sab se barraa des hae, African continent ke duusra sab se barraa des hae aur land- area me dunia ke 11th sab se barraa des hae. Iske northeast me Tunisia, east me Libya, southeast me Niger, southwest me Mali aur Mauritania, west me Western Sahara, northwest me Morocco aur north me in the north me Mediterranean Sea hae. Iske area 2,400,000 km² aur population ...
The Tripoli Program, which served as Algeria's constitution when it won its war for independence from France in 1962, established the president as the head of state with a prime minister assisting in the operation of government. Internal political maneuvering resulted in a new constitution in 1963 that abolished the prime minister position and ...
As Algeria was a close ally of the jihadists enemy the Soviet Union, these jihadists tended to consider the Afghan jihad a "prelude" to jihad against the Algerian FLN state. After the Marxist government in Afghanistan fell, many of the Salafist-Jihadis returned to Algeria and supported the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) and later the GIA insurgents.
Algeria joined FIFA on 1 January 1964, a year and a half after gaining independence. The team is also a member of the Confederation of African Football (CAF). The North African team has qualified for four World Cups in 1982, 1986, 2010 and 2014.
Algeria itsenäiseksi valtioksi 1962. Kansallinen vapautusrintama FLN aloitti sodan ranskalaisia vastaan vuonna 1954. Algerian sota oli Ranskassa ongelmallinen, koska Algeria oli osa Ranskaa, ei siirtomaa, ja siellä asui runsaasti ranskalaisia. Rauhansopimus saatiin aikaan 1962, ja se johti maan täyteen poliittiseen itsenäisyyteen.