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    Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering over 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area.

  2. › wiki › CanadiansCanadians - Wikipedia

    Canadians. Canadians ( French: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, many (or all) of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian . Canada is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of ...

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    By total land and water area, Canada is the second-largest country in the world. It is only smaller than Russia. By land area alone, Canada ranks fourth. It has the longest border with water (coastline) of any country in the world. It is next to the Pacific, Arctic, and Atlantic Oceans. It is the only country in the world to be next to three oceans...

    Aboriginal peoples

    Indigenous peoples lived in what is now Canada for thousands of years before the first Europeans arrived. The indigenous groups that live in Canada are the First Nations, the Inuit, and the Métis. The Métis are people that come from both First Nations and European families.Together, these three groups are called "Indigenous," "Aboriginal," or "First Peoples." They used to be called "Indians" by the Europeans, but this is now considered rude. Many people think the first people to live in Canad...

    European colonization

    The Vikings were the first Europeans to land in Canada, in what is now Newfoundland. The exploration was led by the Viking explorer Leif Erikson. They did not stay for a long time. In the early 16th century, Europeans started exploring Canada's eastern coast. The first of these explorers was John Cabot from England, in 1497, and later Jacques Cartier from France, in 1534. Alexander Mackenzie later reached the Pacific coast over land, where captains James Cook and George Vancouver went by sea....

    Confederation and expansion

    On July 1, 1867, Canada was united under a federal government. At first, Canada was only made up of the provinces Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. Sir John A. Macdonald was the first prime minister. Manitoba, the Yukon territory, and the Northwest Territories became part of Canada in 1870. British Columbia joined in 1871, and Prince Edward Islandin 1873. There were two Red River Rebellions, in 1869-70 and 1885, both led by Louis Riel. He fought for more rights for the Métis pe...

    Canada has a government called a constitutional monarchy. It has a monarch (meaning a king or queen is the head of that country), and is a democracy (meaning the people of that country rule it). The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who is officially the Queen of Canada. She appoints a Governor Generalto represent her in the country, however, th...

    Because Canada is very far north, and most people cannot survive the conditions, most Canadians live in the southern parts, where the weather is much milder. Nearly two-thirds of Canadians live less than 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the U.S. border. In some cities, the temperature gets very cold in the winter, especially inland.Warm air systems, mov...

    Canada has lots of natural resources. Its large amounts of fish have been used for centuries for food and money. Hydroelectric power (electricity by water) is abundant because of Canada's many rivers. Forests in the west are used for wood. Besides these renewable resources, Canada has metal ores and oil deposits. Canada is the leading exporter of z...

    Around 38 million people live in Canada. This is almost the same number as California. About 80% of the Canadian population live in the southern parts of Canada because the climate is warmer than the north of Canada. Many immigrants, who come from almost every part of the world, live in Canada. One example is the former Governor General of Canada, ...

    The Canadian government provides universal health care. The provinces are responsible for health insurance. Five provinces prohibit all extra-billing, while Alberta, British Columbia and Newfoundland allow it in a small number of circumstances, and Prince Edward Island and New Brunswickdo not restrict it at all. In 2020 the Canadian Broadcasting Co...

    CIA World Factbook - Canada Archived 2019-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
    • Overview
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    • Ridership, subsidies, and fares

    The Canadian is a transcontinental passenger train operated by Via Rail with service between Union Station in Toronto, Ontario and Pacific Central Station in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Before 1955, the Canadian was a Canadian Pacific Railway train between Toronto and Chicago. On April 24, 1955, CPR renamed its best transcontinental train ...

    In the years following World War II, passenger trains on the CPR consisted of a mixture of prewar heavyweight and pre- and post-war lightweight cars, even on its flagship transcontinental The Dominion and its eastern extension, The Atlantic Limited. While these cars were serviceable, American trains of the early 1950s, such as the California Zephyr...

    The Canadian offers three main classes of service: Economy, Sleeper Plus, and, since 2014, Prestige. It additionally includes one or more dining cars, at least one Skyline car per class, a Panorama car, and a Park car.

    The Canadian's eastbound journey begins at Vancouver's Pacific Central Station. It uses the BNSF tracks through suburban communities including Burnaby, to New Westminster. After the train crosses the New Westminster Bridge, the Canadian leaves BNSF for CN tracks east. From New We

    North Thompson River Canyon For six hours after departing Kamloops, the tracks run north, following the North Thompson River for much of the way and indeed crossing it several times. The scenery changes gradually from the dry, rolling plateau – though miles of irrigation ...

    The Canadian, in both directions, is scheduled to be at Jasper station for an hour and a half for servicing. Mount Edith Cavell is visible toward the south. Pyramid Mountain and the Victoria Cross Ranges are to the northwest. The Whistlers, to the southwest, can be summited via t

    In 2014, the train served 93,810 passengers receiving a government subsidy of $591 per entrained passenger or $0.50 per passenger mile. Because the Canadian is used primarily by tourists, these subsidies have been the source of significant criticism. Economy fares on the Canadian between major cities are comparable to scheduled air travel, in some ...

  4. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Part of a series on Canadian cuisine Regional cuisines Beverages Ingredients Styles and dishes Religious and ethnic Rituals and festivals Canada portal Food portal v t e Canadian cuisine consists of the cooking traditions and practices of Canada, and often varies depending on the region of the nation.

  5. Canadian English ( CanE, CE, en-CA) [5] encompasses the varieties of English native to Canada. According to the 2016 census, English was the first language of 19.4 million Canadians or 58.1% of the total population; the remainder spoke French (20.8%) or other languages (21.1%). [6] In Quebec, 7.5% of the population are anglophone, as most of ...

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