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  1. Colony of Vancouver Island - Wikipedia

    The Colony of Vancouver Island, officially known as the Island of Vancouver and its Dependencies, was a Crown colony of British North America from 1849 to 1866, after which it was united with the mainland to form the Colony of British Columbia. The united colony joined Canadian Confederation, thus becoming part of Canada, in 1871.

  2. Colony of British Columbia (1866–1871) - Wikipedia

    The Colony of British Columbia was a British Crown Colony that resulted from the amalgamation of the two former colonies, the Colony of Vancouver Island and the mainland Colony of British Columbia. The two former colonies were united in 1866, and the united colony existed until its incorporation into the Canadian Confederation in 1871.

  3. Vancouver Island - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • History
    • Geography
    • Geology
    • Ecology

    Vancouver Island is in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, and part of the Canadian province of British Columbia. The island is 460 km in length, 100 km in width at its widest point, and 32,134 km2 in area. It is the largest island on the west coasts of the Americas. The southern part of Vancouver Island and some of the nearby Gulf Islands are the only parts of British Columbia or Western Canada to lie south of the 49th parallel. This area has one of the warmest climates in Canada, and since the mid

    Vancouver Island has been the homeland to many indigenous peoples for thousands of years. The groupings, by language, are the Kwakwakaʼwakw, Nuu-chah-nulth, and various Coast Salish peoples. While there is some overlap, Kwakwakaʼwakw territory includes northern and ...

    Europeans began to explore the island in 1774, when rumours of Russian fur traders caused Spain to send a number of expeditions to assert its long-held claims to the Pacific Northwest. The first expedition was that of the Santiago, under the command of Juan José Pérez ...

    The island was further explored by Spain in 1789 with Esteban José Martínez, who established the settlement of Yuquot and the artillery battery of Fort San Miguel at Friendly Cove, which Spain called Puerto de San Lorenzo de Nuca. This was to be the only Spanish settlement ...

    Vancouver Island is located in the southwestern corner of the province of British Columbia. It is separated from the mainland of British Columbia by Johnstone Strait and Queen Charlotte Strait on the north and northeast, and by the Strait of Georgia on the southeast, which along with the Strait of Juan de Fuca along its southwest separate it from the United States. West of the island is the open Pacific Ocean, while to its north is Queen Charlotte Sound. The Vancouver Island Ranges run most of t

    Vancouver Island is mostly made up of volcanic and sedimentary rock which was formed offshore on the now disappeared Kula oceanic plate. Around 55 million years ago, a microplate of the Kula Plate subducted below the North American continental margin with great strain. A volcanic arc on the surface of the Kula Plate was thus accreted and fused onto the western edge of North America. These terranes were subjected to extreme warping from continued subduction of the Kula plate, leading to the forma

    Vancouver Island lies in the temperate rainforest biome. On the southern and eastern portions of the island, this is characterized by Douglas fir, western red cedar, arbutus, Garry oak, salal, Oregon grape, and manzanita; moreover, Vancouver Island is the location where the Douglas fir was first recorded by Archibald Menzies. Vancouver Island is also the location where some of the tallest Douglas fir were recorded. This southeastern portion of the island is the most heavily populated region of V

    • 31,285 km² (12,079 sq mi)
    • 870,297 (2019)
    • 43rd
    • Pacific Ocean, on the coast of southern British Columbia
    • Establishment of The Colony
    • Douglas Governorship
    • The Union of Vancouver Island and British Columbia
    • Governors of Vancouver Island
    • Elections to The Legislative Assembly of Vancouver Island
    • See Also
    • Further Reading

    Cap­tain James Cook was the first Eu­ro­pean to set foot on the Is­land at Nootka Sound in 1778, claim­ing the ter­ri­tory for Great Britain. Four­teen years later, under the pro­vi­sions of the Nootka Con­ven­tion, Spain ceded its claims to Van­cou­ver Is­land and the ad­join­ing is­lands (in­clud­ing the Gulf Is­lands). It was not until 1843, how­ever, that Britain – under the aus­pices of the Hud­son's Bay Com­pany (HBC) – es­tab­lished a set­tle­ment on Van­cou­ver Is­land. The set­tle­ment was in the form of a fur trad­ing post orig­i­nally named Fort Al­bert (af­ter­ward Fort Vic­to­ria). The fort was lo­cated at the Songhees set­tle­ment of Camo­sack (Camo­sun), 200 me­tres north­west of the pre­sent-day Em­press Hotelon Vic­to­ria's Inner Har­bour. With the sign­ing of the Treaty of Wash­ing­ton in 1846, the main­land of Ore­gon Ter­ri­tory below the 49th par­al­lel be­came Amer­i­can ter­ri­tory. Thus in 1849, HBC moved its west­ern head­quar­ters from Fort Van­cou­ver on t...

    Dou­glas's sit­u­a­tion as both the local chief ex­ec­u­tive of the Hud­son's Bay Com­pany (HBC) as well as the civil gov­er­nor of the colony from whom the com­pany had leased all rights, was barely ten­able from the out­set. Ini­tially, Dou­glas per­formed the del­i­cate bal­anc­ing act well, rais­ing a do­mes­tic mili­tia and en­cour­ag­ing set­tle­ment. By the mid-1850s, the colony's non-abo­rig­i­nal pop­u­la­tion was ap­proach­ing 500, and sawmill and coal min­ing op­er­a­tions had been es­tab­lished at Fort Nanaimo and Fort Ru­pert (near pre­sent-day Port Hardy). Dou­glas also as­sisted the British gov­ern­ment in es­tab­lish­ing a naval base at pre­sent-day Es­quimaltto check Russ­ian and Amer­i­can ex­pan­sion­ism. Dou­glas's ef­forts at en­cour­ag­ing set­tle­ment were ham­pered by colo­nial of­fi­cials in Lon­don, who kept land prices high to en­cour­age the em­i­gra­tion of wealth­ier Britons,[citation needed] who were given in­cen­tives to bring out labour­ers with them...

    Dou­glas was suc­ceeded as gov­er­nor by Sir Arthur Ed­ward Kennedy, a ca­reer colo­nial ad­min­is­tra­tor who had pre­vi­ously served as gov­er­nor of Sierra Leone and West­ern Aus­tralia. While there was pop­u­lar ac­claim for the ap­point­ment of a gov­er­nor free from ties with the HBC, Kennedy was ini­tially met with sus­pi­cion and op­po­si­tion by the colo­nial as­sem­bly, which feared the loss of Van­cou­ver Is­land's sta­tus vis-à-vis the grow­ing power of the main­land colony. It re­sisted the colo­nial of­fice's re­quest for the per­ma­nent ap­pro­pri­a­tion for the civil listin re­turn for con­trol of the ex­ten­sive Crown lands of the colony, and tem­porar­ily with­held salary and hous­ing to Kennedy until they had achieved their aim. Kennedy met with fur­ther op­po­si­tion by some in the as­sem­bly over the plan for the colony to unite with British Co­lum­bia. It was only when op­po­nents were per­suaded that such union would boost the colony's ail­ing econ­omy that pa...

    Representative Government Established chapter, A History of British Columbia, R. Gosnell & E.O.S. Scholefield, British Columbia Historical Association (Vancouver 1913) pp. 115–128
    Union and Confederation chapter, A History of British Columbia, R. Gosnell & E.O.S. Scholefield, British Columbia Historical Association (Vancouver 1913) pp. 193–210– detailed account of issues and...
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  5. 1860 Colony of Vancouver Island election - Wikipedia

    A total of 13 members were elected to the Second House of Assembly of Vancouver Island, which sat from March 1, 1860 to February 27, 1863.The members were elected over a number of weeks in January with each constituency holding its election on a different day.

  6. 1863 Colony of Vancouver Island election - Wikipedia

    A total of 15 members were elected to the Third House of Assembly of Vancouver Island which sat from September 2, 1863, to August 31, 1866. This was the last parliament for an independent Colony of Vancouver Island before unification with the colony of British Columbia.

  7. Colony of British Columbia (1858–1866) - Wikipedia

    The Colony of British Columbia was a crown colony in British North America from 1858 until 1866. It was founded by the British Crown, who appointed James Douglas, then Governor of the neighbouring colony of Vancouver's Island (established in 1849) as the Colony's first Governor.

  8. Pig War (1859) - Wikipedia

    Vancouver's 1798 map, showing some confusion in the vicinity of southeastern Vancouver Island, the Gulf Islands, and Haro Strait The Pig War was a confrontation in 1859 between the United States and the United Kingdom over the British–U.S. border in the San Juan Islands , between Vancouver Island (present-day Canada) and the State of Washington .

  9. Douglas Treaties - Wikipedia

    This development prompted the British colonial office to designate the territory a crown colony on January 13, 1849. The new colony, Colony of Vancouver Island, was immediately leased to the HBC for a ten-year period, and Douglas was charged with encouraging British settlement. Richard Blanshard was named the colony's governor. Blanshard ...

  10. Colony - Wikipedia

    Philippines, previously a colony of Spain from c. 1565 to 1898 as part of the Spanish East Indies, was a colony of the United States from 1898 to 1946. Achieved self-governing Commonwealth status in 1935; independent in 1946. Puerto Rico has been a colony of Spain from 1493 to 1898 and of the United States from 1898 to the present.