The earliest attested reference to Cyprus is the 15th century BC Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀠𐀪𐀍, ku-pi-ri-jo, meaning "Cypriot" (Greek: Κύπριος), written in Linear B syllabic script. The classical Greek form of the name is Κύπρος (Kýpros). The etymology of the name is unknown. Suggestions include:
Northern Cyprus (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs), officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC; Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, KKTC), is a de facto state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus.
Cyprus's geographic position has caused Cyprus to be influenced by differing Eastern Mediterranean civilisations over the millennia. Cyprus is a small country. Periods of Cyprus's history from 1050 BC have been named according to styles of pottery found as follows:
Paphos / ˈ p æ f ɒ s / (Greek: Πάφος; Turkish: Baf), sometimes spelled Pafos, is a coastal city in southwest Cyprus and is the capital of Paphos District.In classical antiquity, two locations were called Paphos: Old Paphos, today known as Kouklia, and New Paphos.
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The Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974 de facto partitioned the island into two political areas: 99.5% of Greek Cypriots now live in the Republic of Cyprus while 98.7% of Turkish Cypriots live in Northern Cyprus (of other nationalities, 99.2% live in the Greek Cypriot area in the south).
Cyprus was therefore handed over to the French dynasty of the house of Lusignan, thus establishing the medieval Kingdom of Cyprus. For a period of about three centuries 1175–1489, Limassol enjoyed remarkable prosperity. Cyprus was characterised by its great number of Latin bishops.
Larnaca (Greek: Λάρνακα; Turkish: Larnaka) is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and the capital of the eponymous district.It is the third-largest city in the country, after Nicosia and Limassol, with a metro population of 144,200 in 2015.
The Turkish invasion of Cyprus (Turkish: Kıbrıs Barış Harekâtı, lit. 'Cyprus peace operation' and Greek: Τουρκική εισβολή στην Κύπρο, romanized: Tourkikí eisvolí stin Kýpro), code-named by Turkey as Operation Atilla, (Turkish: Atilla Harekâtı) was a Turkish military invasion of the island country of Cyprus.
- 20 July – 18 August 1974, (4 weeks and 1 day)
- Turkish victory, Greek Cypriot military junta in Cyprus collapses, Greek military junta in Greece collapses, 200,000 Greek Cypriots displaced., 50,000 Turkish Cypriots displaced
Cyprus, gr. Κύπρος (Kýpros), tr. Kibris, dlhý tvar Cyperská republika (po grécky Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία – Kypriakí Dimokratía), je štát na ostrove Cyprus v Stredozemnom mori, 113 kilometrov južne od Turecka.
Η Κύπρος (τουρκ. Kıbrıs), επίσημα Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (τουρκ. Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti) ή Δημοκρατία της Κύπρου όπως αναφέρεται στο Σύνταγμα, είναι νησιωτικό κράτος της ανατολικής Μεσογείου και το τρίτο μεγαλύτερο σε πληθυσμό και ...